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Marlakcor
Marlakcor, also known as Tianxia (天下) locally, is the northeastern continent of Qirsyllviar.

Sovereign States

Khaganate of Antikülke

Capital:
Largest City:
Government: Hereditary Absolute Monarchy

Head of State:

Khagan
𐰚𐰀𐰍𐰀𐰣
Ruling Clan:
Dynasty:
Race: Human
Ethnicity: Antik
Head of Government: Khagan

Legislature:

none

Demonym:

Antik

Currency:

Languages: Official: Antik Dilses
Minority:
Writing system:
The Khaganate of Antikülke (𐰀𐰣𐱅𐰃𐰴𐰇𐰞𐰚𐰅), also called the "Antik Khaganate" locally, the the nation of Antik people. It is a peninsular nation, occupying the tundra peninsula of the same name in western Pianpilu, the northern subcontinent, and much of the land beyond it. It borders the Empire of Tianchao and the north side of the Holy City of Shangri-la to the east.
Antik zenith

Over mondern borders: Antikülke at its territorial zenith before the Tukhii-Tianzu conflicts, around the beginning of the Zhai dynasty of Tianchao.

Antik rump state

The Antik rump state as a vassal of Tianchao.

Antikülke was once one of nations dominating the high mountains and tundras of the northwestern continent before the Tukhii (now known as Shengwai), cousins of the Arslans, invaded. At its zenith, Antikülke once controlled the western half of the northern continent, up to the northern peninsula surrounding Gui Bay and bordering Dongshui Guibei, while the tribes of the former Tukhii inhabited the center. By that point the Zhai dynasty Tianchao had just established. When the now-defunct Tukhii Khanate came into being not long after, these two powers fought for land and power on-and-off for centuries before Tianchao invaded.

As a result of the wars with Tukhii Khanate and then Tianchao, Antikülke was reduced to the peninsula from whence it originated, while the Tukhii, and then Tianchao, secured its hold on the former lands of Antikülke. Antikülke was at one point the vassal of Tianchao, forcing them to surrender base independence in the face of the ferocity of the Tianzu Imperial Army & Navy and threats of further invasion. Antikülke lost it's sovereignty and ceased to be an politcal entity when the Gargazar Khaganate rose to promience and conquered the whole of Pianpilu. However, the eventual independence of the former Shuang dynasty during the Fragmentation of the Gergazard Khaganate allowed former loyalists of Antikülke to reform break off from the yoke of Tianchao and reclaim at least some of their lost territory and prestige through warring with Shuang.

Being a cold country of mostly tundra and mountain, similarly to the northern mainland, Antikülke has only a small amount of fertile land for farming and is mostly dependent on the sea and imports for food, but has a large economy thanks to rich mining on the island and elsewhere.

While still in a tense diplomatic relationship with Tianchao, Antikülke also maintains the rights to mine and farm certain areas within Tianchao's borders, in exchange for Tianchao receiving 25% of the profits as tribute annually.

Kingdom of Baoshi

Capital:
Largest City:
Government: Hereditary Absolute Monarchy

Head of State:

Ruling Clan:
Dynasty:
Race: Dwarf
Ethnicity:
Head of Government:

Legislature:

none

Demonym:

Currency:

Languages: Official:
Minority:
Writing system:

The Kingdom of Baoshi (寶石) is a dwarf-ruled island nation in northeastern Marlakcor.

It borders Tianchao to the south on the island of Qiu, and share's maritime borders with Gergazar to the east and Tibet to the southeast. It also shares maritime borders with a cluster of neutral islands to the west.

Dongnan Baquan Banglian

Dongbalian flag
Capital: Tuanjie
團結
Largest City:
Government: Hegemonic Confederated Parliamentary Quasi-Federal Hereditary Feudal Monarchy

Head of State:

Zuigao Bazhu
最高霸主
Ruling Clan: varies
Dynasty: n/a
Race: varies
Ethnicity: varies
Head of Government: Zhengfu Buzhang
政府部長

Legislature:

Canyuan
參院
Chamber: bicameral
bicameral
Upper House: Lower House:
Shangyuan
上院
Xiayuan
下院

Demonym:

Endonym Dongnan
Exonym Dongbalese

Currency:

Jiaozi, Guanzi, Huizi, Jinlong, Yinhu, Tongying, Tiegui
Languages: Official:
Minority:
Writing system:
Dongnan Baquan Banglian (東南霸權邦聯/Southeastern Hegemonic Confederation), also known as Dongnan Wangguo (東南王國/Southeastern Kingdoms), or simply Dongbalian (東霸聯), is a large state in the Dongnan region of southeast Huaxia, the central subcontinent of Marlakcor.

It borders Tianchao to the northwest and the Miaogui Republic (formerly colonial territory of Solaris) to the northeast, the border marked by Mulan's Wall. To the west it shares borders the high elven Empire of Gaoliang. First in the northwest it indirectly borders it via Zhonglibozi, a neutral zone separating it from Gaoliang; and down southwest, on the other side of the Jingshen Sea (精神海/Spiritual Sea), it controls the Lingzhai (灵宅) region, which directly borders Gaoliang.

Down south, it shares maritime borders with the island Nation of Renyu Dao, which was briefly part of the confederacy before it seceded in favor of retaining independence. To the west, it shares borders with the Conglinguo, which it has gone to war with for territory and other issues many times.

It also holds sovereignty over the Cuocao Islands (鹺草島嶼/Cuocao Daoyu/Saltgrass Islands) (the southwestern half of the Dragon Islands) in Maritymir.

On the northern land border with Tianchao and down and northwestern coast, spaced varyingly (mostly between ten to twenty miles), are a series of fortresses and castles that defend the empire from invasion. The ones along the border with Tianchao were built in the aftermath of the last great war with Tianchao. The ones along the northwestern coast are relatively recent constructions. When Tianchao solidified its grip on the Laoying Peninsula, the fortifications were constructed down the northwestern coast. The final fortress, dubbed Bianjie Castle, situated almost right on the border with Gaoliang, also serves as one of several border crossing points between Dongbalian and Gaoliang. The northernmost of these fortresses is Qingwa Castle, which is also the westernmost fortress along the northern border fortifications.

To the east along the border with the Miaogui Republic stands Mulan's Wall, named for Li Mulan, the legendary female general who spearheaded the defense of Dongbalian during the Solarii Invasion, and also led the recapture of much of the occupied territories before the wall's construction, and served as the wall's architect. These massive fortifications of 25m-high stone walls, fortresses and castles, which runs along the entire length of the border and took nearly ten years each to build, were constructed to prevent any further invasion by Solaris. Mulan's Wall was built some centuries later in the wake of the Solarii Invasion of Dongbalian. Mulan's Wall, to block any further invasion by sea via some other fortifications along the coasts beyond the wall's end points, known respectively as Xiangxi Bao (向西堡) and Nanchao Kanguan (南超看管).

The wall has fulfilled its purpose throughout its existence, even while Solarii influence has since been removed from Marlakcor with the independence of the Miaogui Republic.

History

Dongbalian whole

The whole of modern Dongbalian.

The area that eventually became Dongbalian was originally a collection of independent kingdoms, city-states and tribes struggling for land and dominance. But in the face of Tianzu aggression and expansion during the Tianzu Wars of Conquest, many of the northern states banded together to resist the expansion of Tianchao, eventually becoming a confederated state.

However, the wars with Tianchao were met with repeated defeats on the battlefield, and Dongbalian was pushed back until it was ultimately defeated and fully annexed.

Much of modern Dongbalian (mostly the north and central area; Tianchao never reached very far south) remained under Tianzu rule for centuries.

During the Seven Dynasties & Twelve Kingdoms period that followed the collapse of the Mei dynasty of Tianchao, the lands that became modern Dongbalian broke away from Tianchao to form a pair of rival dynasties and were never recovered. Said dynasties are known to history as the Hang Kingdom and Sang Kingdom, two of the states counted among the twelve kingdoms of said period.

During said period, two nobles who were descendants of former Dongbalian rulers found a chance to revolt, now known to history as the Red Dragon Rebellion, and set up their own empires. By the time the period ended, the Hang and Sang empires were firmly entrenched and conquered up to the edge of Jing bu Xibei (what is now northwestern Dongbalian).

The first true peace treaty ended with Tianchao still in control of Jing bu Xibei.

While originally two empires fighting for the same thing, when the conflicts with Tianchao ended they quickly turned on each other and warred for dominance in the region, even while members of their centralized governments were fighting for control of them. Their governments grew unstable from constant infighting and soon collapsed into many dozens of independent kingdoms, dukedoms, counties and city-states struggling for land and dominance. Eventually some concurrence was reached and a directorial confederation, in which all lords have equal say, was set up. However, the directorial confederation eventually turned hegemonic, with Lan Kingdom taking the lead role as hegemon of Dongbalian under the title of Zuigao Bazhu (Supreme Overlord).

A few centuries after the peace treaty that left Tianchao in control of Jing bu Xibei, Tianchao descended into chaos during the civil war taking place during the transition between the Ang and Ting dynasties (known in Tianchao as the Ang–Ting War (盎–亭戰/Ang–Ting Zhan)), Dongbalian seized the chance to reconquer the region from Tianchao, and did so with minimal resistance, achieving its modern northern and western borders. Aside from that, Dongbalian has mostly avoided taking advantage or getting involved in Tianchao's near-constant internal strife.

Even while going to war with Tianchao on and off for years, they turned their attentions toward expanding west and south, uniting many other states and tribes under their banner through treaty and conquest, eventually expanding into northern Maritymir. Dongbalian even managed to steal some territory from Gaoliang, the Lingzhai (灵宅) region. That region joined Dongbalian after seceding following a war for secession, which was secretly organized by Dongbalian.

Dongbalian remains at odds with Tianchao to this day, and the two powers go to war almost every other decade for one reason or another. Its relations with Gaoliang and Nhiệt Đới are cold too, but diplomacy has avoided too many wars.

Dongbalian eventually lost some of its northeastern territories to Solaris. While Dongbalian anticipated an invasion when Solaris all but defeated Tianchao, it was still unable to resist the ferocity of the Imperial Solarii Army in the initial invasion, despite years of preparation. This changed when a female warrior, known to history as Li Mulan (李木蘭); styled Guowei (國衛), came to prominence. Li Mulan, an ethnic Yinghui peasant woman born in Tianchao, and an alleged descendant of Xiangrikui Gongchen, had been taken as a war slave by a Solarii officer during the invasion. During her time as a slave – after learning their language – she learned all about Solarii war tactics both from watching the battles from afar and from listening to the Solarii commanders talk. After managing to escape, she disguised herself as a man and enlisted in the Dongnan army. Her determination and mettle, along with her knowledge of Solarii war strategies, allowed her to quickly rise through the ranks until she became a general.

Once a general, Mulan took charge of an army and her widely successful anti-Solarii tactics allowed her to turn the tide of the war, culminating when she fully defended against the Solarii army in a decisive battle that changed history forever, now known to history as the Battle of Qiuling Pingyuan. Mulan's true gender was accidentally exposed not long after, but her loyal troops defended her from any punishment. The High King of the time – known to history as Chang Guizhou (常規週) – was so impressed with her and her record that he let her retain her position and rank. Mulan then led another successful campaign that saw the reclamation of much territory before a peace treaty ending the war was signed.

Governance & Politics

The head of state is the Zuigao Bazhu, the main ruler of the nation. The incumbent High King holds the rulership of his kingdom concurrently. The title is held for life and at first Lan Kingdom held the position of hegemon. There were attempts early on to make it hereditary, but when the first holder died there was no clear heir. And so, the next High King is elected from the rulers of one of the kingdoms or the heir to the kingdom of the previous holder when the incumbent one dies.

The head of the government of Dongbalian is the Zhengfu Buzhang (Minister of Government), but the office is mostly ceremonial in practice and holds little actual power.

The legislature of the confederacy is the Canyuan (Senate), which is divided into the Shangyuan (Upper House) and the Xiayuan (Lower House), the upper and lower house respectively. Members of both houses of the Senate are referred to as Canyiyuan (議員/Senators), and are directly appointed by leaders of the political divisions, and higher level states are permitted more senators in the Senate. Representation in the Lower House is determined by population, which is determined by a nationwide census taken every twenty years.

Political Divisions

Dongbalian is divided into many territories termed one of several things depending on the rank held upon accession to the confederation.

From highest to lowest they are:
States
Territory Ruler title Succession method Senators to the Shangyuan
Wangguo
王國
Kingdom
Wang

King
Hereditary 10
The highest political division of Dongbalian.

Only the Kings can be elected to the position of High King,

Gongguo
公國
Duchy
Gongjue
公爵
Duke
Hereditary 7
Jun

Region
Houjue
侯爵
Marquis
Hereditary 5
Boguo
伯國
County (1st level)
Bojue
伯爵
Count
Hereditary 4
Xian

County (2nd level)
Hereditary 4
Zilingdi
子領地
Sub-county
Zijue
子爵
Viscount
Hereditary 3
Guizu
貴族
Barony
Nanjue
男爵
Baron
Hereditary 3
Tai

State
Zhongdu
總督
Governor
Election 2
Chengbang
城邦
City-State
Shizhang
市長
City Govenor
Election 2
Lingzhu
領主
Seignior
Hareditary
A single city and surrounding territory. Their leaders can be either elected or hereditary.
Junqu
軍區
Military Region
Zhong-jiang
中将
Lieutenant General
Military appointment 1
A military region along Mulan's Wall or the fortress regions along the borders and northwestern seaboard.

The leader title is a military rank.

States of Dongbalian
Name Administrative Level Ruling Family Flag/Symbol
Surname Race Ethnicity
Lan
Wangguo Pie
Lan was the original hegemon of Dongbalian before the modern succession methods were made law.
Hanjin
漢晉
Chengbang
Tangming
唐明
Chengbang
Tuanjie
團結
Chengbang None, ruler elected
Tuanjie is a city-state founded as the capital of Dongbalian, and has a special status compared to the rest of the nation's city-states.
Weishuwu
魏蜀吳
Chengbang Jin
Xiangxi Bao
向西堡
Junqu None, military appointment
The northernmost fortification along Mulan's Wall.
Nanchao Kanguan
南超看管
Junqu None, military appointment
The southernmost fortification along Mulan's Wall.

Conglin Liedao Wangguo

Capital:
Largest City:
Government: Hereditary Absolute Feudal Monarchy

Head of State:

Wang
Ruling Clan:
Dynasty:
Race: Human
Ethnicity:
Head of Government: Wang

Legislature:

none

Demonym:

Currency:

Languages: Official:
Minority:
Writing system:

Conglin Liedao Wangguo (叢林列島王國/Kingdom of the Jungle Islands), commonly known by its abbriviation Conglinguo (叢林國), is a nation in southeastern Marlakcor, occupying the tropical jungle islands of the southeast. It solely borders Dongbalian to the west, by land on three islands and the rest by sea.

Conglinguo has been resisting Dongnan expansion into the southeast for centuries. Not once ever did Conglinguo accept joining the hegemony, rebuking every single invitation. More than once these rebukes turned into open confrontation and war. These wars were repeatedly met with defeat and truce, reducing Conglinguo to a handful of islands.

When Dongbalian found itself occupied by the Solarii Invasions, Conglinguo took a chance to reclaim much of its lost territory.

Empire of Gaoliang

Jingling flag
Capital:
Largest City:
Government: Hereditary Absolute Monarchy

Head of State:

Jinghuang
精皇
Ruling Clan:
Dynasty:
Race: Elf
Ethnicity: High Elf
Head of Government: Jinghuang

Legislature:

High Council
Chamber: unicameral

Demonym:

Currency:

Languages: Official: Ardyarikh
Minority:
Writing system:
The Empire of Gaoliang (高魎) is a large confederated high elven empire occupying the dense Jingling Jungles of Xiaoyu, the lands of southern Huaxia, the central subcontinent of Marlakcor.

It borders Dongbalian to the east, indirectly via Zhonglibozi, a neutral region, and directly via the Lingzhai region; Tianchao to the north via the Jingling Peninsula; the wood elven Senxiao kingdoms to the southwest, and shares maritime borders with Raimei to the west across the Jingling Sea.

A country occupying mostly jungle, the Jingling Jungles of Gaoliang is home to the largest river basin in the world.

Khaganate of Gergazar

Capital: Shiltgeen
ᠰᠢᠯᠲᠦᠭᠡᠨ
Largest City:
Government: Hereditary Absolute Feudal Monarchy

Head of State:

Khagan/Khatun
ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ/ᠬᠠᠲᠤᠨ
Ruling Clan: Tsetsgiin
ᠴᠡᠴᠡᠭ ᠦᠨ
Dynasty:
Race: Human
Ethnicity: Arslan
Head of Government: Khagan

Legislature:

none

Demonym:

Endonym: Gergazard
ᠭᠡᠷᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠲᠤ
Exonym: Arslan/
Gergazese

Currency:

n/a
Languages: Official:
Minority:
Writing system:
The Khaganate of Gergazar (ᠭᠡᠷᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ), or the Gergazard Khaganate (ᠭᠡᠷᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ ᠲᠤᠬᠠᠩᠨᠠᠲ), is a large nation in eastern Pianpilu – called Delkhiin (ᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ) by the Arslan – and the homeland of the Arslan people, dominating the mountains, tundras and steppes that make up most of their homelands.

It borders Tianchao to the west and south, and shares maritime borders with the dwarven nation of Baoshi to the southwest.

History

Gergazar is a relatively recent union of Marlakcor, first coming together as a union of khanates under Erkhemseg Khan (ᠡᠷᠬᠢᠮᠰᠦᠭᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ) of the Altanzul (ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠨᠵᠤᠯ) clan. At its hight, it the Gergazard Khaganate controlled vast territories across the continent, including the whole of Pianpilu, most of Zanghuan, and half of Guangdai, even conquering Antikülke. It is from these conquests that the Lin dynasty of Tianchao was founded as a division of the greater khaganate, taking advantage of the ongoing Seven Dynasties & Twelve Kingdoms period to expand. Gergazar seemed unstoppable, and even mounted an attempted invasion of Fuso, but these campaigns, while successful at first, were met with utter failure.

However, a turning point for the empire came with the sudden death of Khundet Khan (ᠬᠦᠨᠳᠦᠳᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ) – the ninth Khagan of Gergazar and the third Huangdi of the Lin dynasty – during the Siege of Hansei against the defending forces of the Yamato Empire, which his forces eventually defeated, resulted in a succession dispute and the fragmentation of the Khaganate.

Khundet Khan died without naming an heir; and so a war of succession erupted between his sons and generals. So far from home at the time of his death, within a year the Gergazar holdings in Fuso were recaptured by Yamatai and the Khaganate broke into five independent states – the Lin dynasty among them – while the Altanzul clan was ousted from rulership of Gergazar and replaced by the Tsetsgiin (ᠴᠡᠴᠡᠭ ᠦᠨ) clan under Tuimer Khan (ᠲᠦᠢᠮᠡᠷᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ), while the Altanzul clan continued to rule the Lin dynasty for the rest of its existance. The other states to emerge from the fragmentation of the khaganate were Antikülke and the Shengwai-ruled Shuang (霜) dynasty in western and central Pianpilu; the Unghwa-ruled Gwan (관/棺) dynasty in Guangdai; and the Xiyi-ruled Pan (磐) dynasty on the Island of Qiu. Gwan and Pan were soon reconquered by the Lin dynasty, but the Shuang dynasty resisted until it capitulated to the dwarf-ruled Lei dynasty. Gergazar itself managed to avoid disintegrating during the civil war but was greatly weakened.

The loss of most of its empire greatly weakened the khaganate. It eventually recovered its strength and integrity to prevent other powers from conquering it. But, despite many efforts, it never reached such a vast territorial extant again.

Politics & Governance

Gergazar is a collection of autonomous khanates ruled by Khans (ᠬᠠᠨ) subordinate to the Khagan.

Prominent Clans of the Khaganate
Clan Ruling Khanate Notes
Name Capital
Altanzul
ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠨᠵᠤᠯ
Erdeniin
ᠡᠷᠳᠡᠨᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ
Unet Chuluu
ᠦᠨᠡᠲᠦ ᠴᠢᠯᠠᠭᠤ
The Altanzul clan was the first ruling clan of the Khaganate.

The clan that currently rules the Erdeniin Khanate is a branch descended from Zusegch Khan (ᠵᠦᠰᠦᠭᠴᠢ ᠬᠠᠨ), whom was an older brother of Baatar Khan, the fourth Huangdi of the Lin dynasty. Both of them were sons of Khundet Khan, the last Khagan of the Gergazar from the Altanzul clan.

Burged
ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
Chono
ᠴᠢᠨᠣ᠎ᠠ
Khavtgai
ᠬᠠᠪᠲᠠᠭᠠᠢ
Delkhii
ᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ
Gereltekh
ᠭᠡᠷᠡᠯ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠢ
Naidvar
ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠳᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢ
Nurgeen
ᠨᠦᠷᠭᠡᠬᠡᠨ
Shuukh
ᠰᠢᠭᠦᠬᠦ
Sokhor
ᠰᠣᠬᠣᠷ
Shilen Sav
ᠰᠢᠯᠢᠨ ᠰᠠᠪᠠ
Tatvar
ᠲᠠᠲᠠᠪᠤᠷᠢ
Khandiv
ᠬᠠᠨᠳᠢᠪ
Tsasan
ᠴᠠᠰᠤᠨ
Ovliin
ᠡᠪᠦᠯ ᠦᠨ
Tsetsgiin
ᠴᠡᠴᠡᠭ ᠦᠨ
Khyanagch
ᠬᠢᠨᠠᠭᠴᠢ
Shiltgeen
ᠰᠢᠯᠲᠦᠭᠡᠨ
The Tsetsgiin clan is the current ruling family of the Khaganate, ruling directly from the capital of the khaganate.

The Tsetsgiin clan came to power under Tuimer Khan after ousting the Altanzul clan during the succession dispute that followed in the wake of the untimely death Khundet Khan.

Tsin
ᠴᠢᠨ
Khatuu
ᠬᠠᠲᠠᠭᠤ
Other Prominent/Non-ruling Clans
Name Notes
Ayanga
ᠠᠶᠤᠩᠭ᠎ᠠ
Longtime vassals of the Nurgeen clan.
Tavtsan
ᠲᠠᠪᠴᠠᠩ

Empire of Goryeo

Joseon flag
Capital: Sungduk
숭둑
Largest City:
Government: Hereditary Absolute Feudal Monarchy

Head of State:

Taewang
태왕
Ruling Clan: Song
Dynasty: Song
Race: Human
Ethnicity: Unghwa
Head of Government: Taewang

Legislature:

Jeguk Uihoe
제국 의회
Chamber: unicameral

Demonym:

Goryeoin
고려인

Currency:

Jipye, Geumcham, Eungae, Donggae, Cheoldon
Languages: Official: Ungmal
Minority:
Writing system:
The Empire of Goryeo (고려) is a nation in the northwest corner of Guangdai (Yesttang), the northern lands of Xinshijie, the western subcontinent of Marlakcor. It is currently ruled by the Song dynasty. Goryeo occupies the island of the same name and some mainland territories. It shares maritime borders with the Morokoshi provinces of Yamatai to the south, and borders Tianchao on land via it's mainland territories to the east. North of the home island controls the island of Jinjuui (진주의). The Yosae (요새) peninsula to the east is its gateway to its mainland territories and its land border with Tianchao. Farther north it occupies to islands, Masul Seojjog (마술 서쪽) & Masul Dongjjog (마술 동쪽).

Once controlling great swathes of the northern half of the western continent, down to at least the central regions of Guangdai, Goryeo, the homeland of the Unghwa people, and the last sovereign Unghwa nation on Marlakcor, was once one of the dominant nations on western lands of Marlakcor, and seemed primed for ultimate domination before Tianchao invaded. As a result of the Tianzu Wars of Conquest, Goryeo was reduced to the island from whence it originated. The Yosae peninsula, which is governed from the fortress city of Jeohang (저항), was for a time Goryeo's only remaining mainland holdout against Tianchao. Goryeo managed to stave off the threat of invasion and retain full sovereignty, while its neighbors weren't so fortunate.

When Yamatai invaded western Guangdai – conquering the last independent Unghwa nations in the region – and came into conflict with Tianchao, Goryeo took a chance to invade and reconquer some of its lost lands from Tianchao under the guise of a friendship and military alliance with Yamatai. However, when Yamatai entered into a ceasefire with Tianchao at the end of their first war, Goryeo betrayed Yamatai and invaded some of the latter's occupied lands. However, spies and defectors leaked military plans to the Yamato military governors and Yamatai was able to prevent Goryeo from doing too much damage. The only thing that stopped the fighting was a change of regime in Goryeo, when the then-incumbent war-hawk Myeok (멱) dynasty was supplanted by the pro-peace Jang (장) dynasty in a coup.

However, while peace between the two empires was restored by the Jang dynasty's rise to power, they were foreign in origin and so their rule was almost universally unaccepted, resulting in a civil war for the throne. The Song dynasty was among the contending factions that arose to the most prominence and power in the war, yet a series of sudden defeats cost them much of their influence. It was then that the Song asked signed a new treaty of trade and alliance with Yamatai, asking them to intervene on their side. Yamatai accepted, and with their help the Song won the war to become rulers of Goryeo.

Goryeo has fostered equal trade relations with Yamatai ever since.

Republic of Miaogui

Capital: Lading
拉丁
Largest City:
Government: Directorial Republic

Heads of State:

Guowu Weiyuanhui
国务委员会

Chaired by the Xiaozhang
校长

Heads of Government: Guowu Weiyuanhui
国务委员会

Legislature:

Guohui
国会
Chamber: unicameral

Demonym:

Miaogui

Currencies:

Primary Tenders: Jiaozi, Guanzi, Huizi, Jinlong, Yinhu, Tongying, Tiegui
Secondary Tenders: Aureus, Denarius, Sestertius, Dupondius, As
Languages: Official:
Minority:
Writing system:

The Republic of Miaogui (妙瑰共和/Miaogui Gonghe) is a Jiti-Agnes republican state in eastern Marlakcor, occupying the island of Daludao and some islands and lands to the north and south. It borders Tianchao on Shengfen Island to the west – occupying most of it – and on the eastern southern peninsula of Qiu Island to the north. On the mainland to the southwest, it borders Dongbalian, marked by Mulan's Wall.

Miaogui is the only republican state in Marlakcor.

As a state that had Agnes customs impressed upon them during the Solarii Occupation, Miaogui has a unique culture that is a blend of Jiti and Solarii.

History

The entirety of what is now Miaogui was once the Solarii colonial state of Serica. The Serica Provinciae was the collective name of the colonies & provinces of the Solarii Empire in Marlakcor, occupying a cluster of islands and a part of the mainland in eastern Marlakcor on the west side of the Yinyue Sea, called the Musica Sea by the Eurodynes.

The island of Daludao was formerly known as the kingdom of the same name, which was a suzerainty of Tianchao following the Tianzu Wars of Conquest, Serica was established as a result of the Solarii Conquest of Daludao. Solaris continued to expand Serica in as many ways as it could, warring against Tianchao and Dongbalian until they were stopped for political and logistical reasons.

Solaris's rule in Marlakcor came to an end when, after being forced to pull much of its army out to deal with affairs in the homeland, a long-suppressed independence movement took the chance to break free from foreign rule. The Miaogui War for Independence (妙瑰独立战争/Miaogui Duli Zhanzheng) seemed primed to succeed at the start, but the sudden return of the Imperial Solarii Army & Navy saw the Miaogui Independence Army suffer a series of defeats. Just as it seemed that freedom would be lost, Tianchao intervened on behalf of Miaogui, albeit not for altruistic reasons, and soon Solaris was forced out of Marlakcor for good.

While Tianchao never liked the idea of an eastern neighbor that was formerly foreign controlled, Miaogui has since fostered a prosperous trade and diplomatic relationship with both Tianchao and Dongbalian.

Politics & Government

Empire of Nhiệt Đới

Nanyue flag
Capital: Cây Nóng
𣘃𤎏
Largest City:
Government: Hereditary Absolute Monarchy

Head of State:

Vương
Ruling Clan:
Dynasty: Sao
𣋀
Race: Human
Ethnicity: Ngây Rừng
Head of Government: Vương

Legislature:

none

Demonym:

Currency:

Van
Languages: Official: Tươi Ngữ
Minority:
Writing system:
The Empire of Nhiệt Đới (熱帶), diplomatically known as "Redai" by Jiti nations, is an ethnic Ngây Rừng nation in southwestern Marlakcor, occupying the tropical jungle island of the same name and much of the east coast of Yuchang (called Đất Mưa by the Ngây Rừng), including both of the major peninsulas of the east coast. It borders Raimei to the west by land and Tianchao the extreme north via the Isthmus of Caihong, and shares maritime borders with high elven Gaoliang Empire and the wood elven Senxiao kingdoms to the east across the Jingling Sea, and the neutral island of Hei'an Zhidi to the southeast via its island territories in the Chidao Sea.

It is currently ruled by the Sao dynasty.

Unfettered by encroachment from major nations of other ethnicities throughout most of its existence, the predecessor states of Nhiệt Đới mostly warred and traded with each other for many centuries. Nhiệt Đới, originating from its home island, managed to expand and conquer nearly all of the other Ngây Rừng states of Yuchang, reaching its zenith by the inception of the Lin dynasty, and they and most of the now defunct Ngây Rừng states had proper relations with Tianchao since at least the Zan dynasty. The only remaining Ngây Rừng states that Nhiệt Đới didn't conquer were on the west coast, and those were conquered by the Yamato.

When Yamatai invaded, Nhiệt Đới was unable to match up the Yamato Imperial Army and was reduced to its home island and some scattered territories along the east coast, and was reduced to a vassal state of the Yamato empire in the face of possible total conquest. When Raimei revolted and declared independence from Yamatai, Nhiệt Đới took a chance to reclaim some of its lost lands as part of an alliance deal with Raimei to help them gain independence from Yamatai. Since then it has enjoyed a restoration of full sovereignty and trade relations with Raimei.

Empire of Raimei

Raimei flag
Capital: Hekireki/Bão
霹靂/暴
Largest City:
Government: Hereditary Absolute Feudal Monarchy

Head of State:

Raikojinno/Sấm Hoàngđế
雷光人皇/𩆷皇帝
Ruling Clan: Rairyu/Sấmrồng
雷龍
Dynasty:
Race: Human
Ethnicity: Genjin-Ngây Rừng
Head of Government: Raikojinno/Sấm Hoàngđế

Legislature:

none

Demonym:

Raimin/Người Sấm
雷民/𠊛𩆷

Currency:

Kingetsu, Gingitsune, Gin'yo, Dogame
Languages: Official: Gengo & Tươi Ngữ
Minority: Tianyu
Writing system:
The Empire of Raimei (雷鳴), also called Sấm (𩆷), sometimes known as the Thunder Empire to countries outside Marlakcor, is a large monarchical state in southwestern Marlakcor, occupying much of central Yuchang (called Amehara by the Genjin and Đất Mưa by the Ngây Rừng), the southern lands of Xinshijie, the western subcontinent of Marlakcor.

Raimei borders the Yamato territories of Morokoshi to the west, Tianchao to the north via the Isthmus of Caihong, and Nhiệt Đới to the east.

Raimei was once part of the Morokoshi Ryoiki of Yuchang, and therefore sovereign territory of Yamatai, until a rebellion led by one renegade clan, the Rairyu clan, a family of Genjin-Ngây Rừng origin, also called the Sấmrồng clan in Tươi Ngữ, established the new independent empire, which took ten years of war, now known as the Raimin War for Independence (4235–4245ᴀꜰᴢ), to achieve.

Raimei remains at odds with Yamatai, and have fought several wars with the empire since its founding, but careful diplomacy has prevented the empires from outright destroying each other. The Rairyu clan still rules Raimei to this day.

As an empire made up of lands that were formerly part of Nhiệt Đới, Raimei has its own unique culture that is a blend of both Genjin and Ngây Rừng culture.

State of Renyu Dao

Renyu Dao flag
Capital: Yai
Largest City:
Government: Elective Absolute Monarchy

Head of State:

Zuzhang/Fuzhang
族长/妇长
Ruling Clan:
Dynasty:
Race:
Ethnicity:
Head of Government: Zuzhang/Fuzhang

Legislature:

Council
Chamber: unicameral

Demonym:

Renyan

Currency:

Jinlong, Yinhu, Tongying, Tiegui
Languages: Official:
Minority:
Writing system:
The State of Renyu Dao (人魚島) is an island nation occupying the island of the same name in the Chidao Sea of southern Marlakcor, sharing maritime borders with solely Dongbalian.

Renyu Dao is a nation where merpeople live alongside humans in harmony. Renyu Dao was originally founded when a clan of humans got washed up on the shores, and have lived alongside the merfolk together in harmony from then on.

When Dongbalian expanded to their waters, they at first signed a treaty to come under Dongnan sovereignty, but pulled out of the confederacy less than a year later. The separation wasn't welcomed at first, leading to a brief military confrontation, but Dongbalian's government caved in and drew back within weeks.

Kingdoms of Senxiao

The Senxiao kingdoms is the collective term for the dozens of independent wood elven tribal chiefdoms led by different clans in southwestern Huaxia.

Holy City of Shangri-la

Kingdom of Shayuwei Dao

Shayuwei Dao flag
Capital: Shaqi
Largest City:
Government: Hereditary Absolute Feudal Monarchy

Head of State:

Wang
Ruling Clan:
Dynasty:
Race:
Ethnicity:
Head of Government: Wang

Legislature:

none

Demonym:

Shayu

Currency:

Jinlong, Yinhu, Tongying, Tiegui
Languages: Official: Tianyu
Minority:
Writing system:
The Kingdom of Shayuwei Dao (鯊魚尾島/Shayuwei Dao Wangguo) is an island nation on the island of the same name in the Yinyue Sea off of Huaxia in western Marlakcor.

As Dongbalian expanded, Shayuwei Dao rejected all offers to join the expanding confederacy and even managed to repel an invasion when negotiations with one regime turned hostile. After the only war it ever fought with Dongbalian, Shayuwei Dao experienced a golden age of prosperity due to the soon established trade and military alliance that followed a change of management to both nations. However, this ended with the invasions of Solaris.

When Solaris exerted its control of western Marlakcor, Shayuwei Dao was no exception to the ever opportunistic Solarii Empire. After losing almost half the island to the invaders, Shayuwei Dao signed a submissive peace treaty with Solaris, retaining nominal sovereignty while still a vassal of the empire.

When wars back in Eurodysia forced Solaris to recall some of its forces, Shayuwei Dao took the chance to reassert its independence and reconquer its lost territory.

However, even after reasserting its sovereignty, Shayuwei Dao was unable to restore its relations with Dongbalian, as Solaris prevented all trade and communications from reaching the mainland, forcing Shayuwei Dao into an unequal trade alliance. This restrictive alliance ended following the end of Solarii influence in Marlakcor with the independence of the Miaogui Republic, allowing Sayuwei Dao to restore its lost relations with Dongbalian and forge a new one with Miaogui.

Sige Sheng Cheng

Capital: n/a
Largest City:
Government: Theocratic Monastic Orders

Heads of State:

Sida Gaoshou
四大高手
Heads of Government:

Legislature:

none
Chamber: n/a

Demonym:

n/a

Currency:

n/a
Languages: Official:
Minority:
Writing system:
The Sige Sheng Cheng (四個聖城/Four Holy Cities), are a quartet of religious city-states spread around Marlakcor. Although in four separate locations around the continent, and are mostly autonomous from one another, the four cities are considered a single state.

Deeply religious states, the holy cities are controlled by a religious order that pledges faith to the Divine Beasts of Tianxia, and each houses a main temple dedicated to one of the four to represent their cardinal direction. As Tianchao expanded in every direction, they spared any threat of conquest or vassalization, as not even the huangdi of the time dared to threaten the sanctity of such holy places.

The eastern and western cities were also spared conquest of vassalization by Solaris and Yamatai when the two empires formed Serica Provinciae (now the Republic of Miaogui) and Morokoshi respectively. Despite the former's usual policy to impose their religion on conquered or visited lands, Solaris respected the eastern city's neutrality and honored the sanctity of a holy place, and Yamatai gave the same courtesy to the western city.

Although mostly autonomous from one another, the four masters, the leaders of each city, meet every year, taking turns to host the meeting in each of the four cities over the course of four years.

City Description
Name(s) Represented Beast
Dongshui Guibei
冬水龜北

Ovolus yast Melkhoid
ᠡᠪᠦᠯᠤᠰ ᠶᠠᠰᠤᠲᠤ ᠮᠡᠨᠡᠬᠠᠢ ᠳᠤ

Black Turtle Dongshui Guibei, also known as Ovolus yast Melkhoid by the Arslan, and the Shengwai/Tukhii also call it that in the mother tongue, is a city-state situated on the shore of Gui Bay in central Pianpilu, the northern subcontinent of Marlakcor.

It shares borders solely with Tianchao to the southwest.

As the northern city of the order, Dongshui Guibei serves as the base for the Temple of the Black Turtle, Lord of Winter & Warden of the North.

Chunjimu Longdong
春季木龍洞
Azure Dragon Chunjimu Longdong is a city-state situated mainly on the Shengzhe peninsula (圣者半岛) of Qiu Island on the west side the Bay of Xiaolong.

It shares borders with Tianchao to the northeast.

As the eastern city of the order, Chunjimu Longdong serves as the base for the Temple of the Azure Dragon, Lord of Spring & Warden of the East.

Xiahuo Niaonan
夏火鳥南
Vermilion Bird Xiahuo Niaonan is a city-state situated on the southern shore of the Zhuhong Sea.

It shares maritime borders solely with Gaoliang to the south.

As the southern city of the order, Xiahuo Niaonan serves as the base for the Temple of the Vermilion Bird, Lord of Summer & Warden of the South.

Qiujin Huxi
秋金虎西

Chugeum Beom-Seojjok
추금 범서쪽


Akikane Toranishi
秋金虎西

White Tiger Qiujin Huxi, also known as Chugeum Beom-Seojjok by the Unghwa and Akikane Toranishi by the Genjin, is a city-state situated on the Washi Peninsula of Guangdai (called Yesttang and Hirotai by the Unghwa and Genjin respectively), the northern lands of Xinshijie, the western subcontinent.

It shares land borders solely with the Morokoshi Provinces of Yamatai to the west, and shares maritime borders soely with Goryeo to the north.

As the western city of the order, Qiujin Huxi serves as the base for the Temple of the White Tiger, Lord of Autumn & Warden of the West.

Empire of Tianchao

Tianchao flag
Capital: Tangzhai
瑭寨
Largest City:
Government: Hereditary Absolute Feudal Monarchy

Head of State:

Huangdi
皇帝
Ruling Clan: Sun
Dynasty: Cui
Race: Human
Ethnicity: Yinghui
Heads of Government: Huangdi & Chengxiang
皇帝 & 丞相

Legislature:

Guohui
國會
Chamber: unicameral

Demonym:

Ednodym: Tianzu/Jiti
天組/集體
Exonym: Tianchese/
Gytzene

Currency:

Jiaozi, Guanzi, Huizi, Jinlong, Yinhu, Tongying, Tiegui
Languages: Official: Tianyu
天語
Minority: Antik Dilses, Ardyarikh, Gengo, Ungmal, Tươi Ngữ, among others…
Writing system: Tianzi
天字
The Empire of Tianchao (天朝) is the dominant and largest state of Marlakcor.

Tianchao has been known by many names since before and throughout its existence. It is often known locally by whichever dynasty is currently ruling it, while it is known as the name for the country prevalent for foreigners from Arquperio (Eurodysia and Aquilonis) is Gytzai, at least for diplomatic purposes. Other names for the empire include Jibang (集邦) and Jiyu (集宇), both used in reference for the dominant ethnic group, Jiti. The name "Tianchao" dates back the the Ying dynasty, meant to illustrate the achievement of the Mandate of Heaven (天命/Tianming) and rulership of Tianxia (the world in ancient Jiti perception), but the name did not enter common use for over two thousand years. It was used somewhat sparingly during the Mo, Qiang, Yue and Jing dynasties, but it wasn't until the Zhai dynasty that the name was adopted by law as the official legal name of the empire.

It occupies much of the continent, controlling northern and western Huaxia (the central subcontinent), most of Guangdai (the northern lands of Xinshijie, the western subcontinent), and two thirds of Pianpilu (the northern continent). In the Zanghuan Provinces, the capital regions, it borders Dongbalian to the south, and shares borders with the Jiti-Agnes Miaogui Republic on Shengfen Island and on the eastern peninsula of Qiu Island. It also shares borders with Baoshi in the northeastern corner of the latter island. East of Qiu, Tianchao chares borders with Tibet.

Via the Jingling Peninsula, it borders Gaoliang to the south, and on the western continent, the Xifang Regions, it borders Raimei to the south and Yamato-Morokoshi to the west.

On Pianpilu, it borders Antikülke to the west and Gergazar, whom still resists Tianzu expansion with all its might, to the east. These lands were hotly contested between Tianchao and other powers for many centuries. First it was contested by the Antik Khaganate and the Tukhii Khanate (the Tukhii people are now known as the Shengwai, but they still refer to themselves by their mother term in their mother language and in conversation with their cousins, the Arslan) before Tiancho finally conquered most of it during the Kai dynasty. It was again contested territory during the Twenty Kingdoms and Western, Central & Northern Dynasties periods before reconsolidation under the Zan dynasty restored order. Some time after Tianchao broke up again during the Seven Dynasties & Twelve Kingdoms period, the recently-formed Gergazard Khaganate took advantage of the chaos to conquer Pianpilu and most of Tianchao. Following the Fragmentation of the Gergazard Khaganate, the central lands were controlled by the Shuang dynasty for several centuries until they were reconquered by the Lei dynasty. Tianchao still rules the lands to this day.

In the northwest it shares maritime and land borders with the empire of Goryeo, from whom it conquered most of the western continent.

Tianchao also shares borders with two of the four island city-states: In the north, on the southwest shore of Gui Bay, Tianchao shares maritime borders with the Holy City of Dongshui Guibei. To the east, on the Shengzhe peninsula (圣者半岛) of Qiu Island on the west side the Bay of Xiaolong, via what territories Tianchao still controls after the wars with Solaris, Tianchao shares borders with the Holy City of Chunjimu Longdong.

In northern Pianpilu, Tianchao also borders the city of Shangri-la, making it an enclave, which is nestled in a tropical jungle valley surrounded by an impassible mountain range. The mountains around the valley are frigid and snow-covered almost year-round, but the valley is kept warm by geothermal activity. Becuase Tianchao can't get to it, as the only way into the city is via hidden caves that only the people of Shangri-la know the location of, the empire leaves it alone. At one point Tianchao territorially surrounded it, but various conflicts resulted in the loss of the lands north of the city.

Tianchao was at one point the suzerain of Antikülke, forcing them to surrender base sovereignty in the face of the ferocity of the Tianzu Imperial Army & Navy and threats of invasion. But the independence of the former Shuang dynasty allowed them to break off from the yoke of Tianchao and reclaim some of their lost territory. At one point Tianchao held the now-defunct Daludao Kingdom (大陸島王國) as a suzerainty as well, but it was conquered and renamed Serica by Solaris. Said territories have since declared independence as the Republic of Miaogui.

Tianchao spared the Holy Cities from conquest or vassalization, as not even the huangdi of the time dared to threaten or desecrate the sanctity of such holy places. All this is a result of the Tianzu Wars of Conquest (a collective term for the many wars of expansion Tianchao has fought throughout its history.).

On the western border with Yamato-Morokoshi stands the Great Wall of Guangdai. This massive fortification of 25m-high stone walls, fortresses, and castles, which runs along the entire length of the Morokoshi-Tianchao border. This wall far surpasses Dongbalian's Mulan's Wall, which was built for similar reasons against Solaris.

History

The empire is currently under the rule of the Cui dynasty, run by the Sun clan, which took power in 4903ᴛᴊʜ (4482ᴀꜰᴢ) after supplanting the collapsing dwarf-ruled Lei dynasty and reconquering the state of Dongji, a northern Shengwai secessionist kingdom. Cui is the latest of many dynasties that have ruled all or part of Tianchao.

An unnatural creation with thousands of years of reliable history, what became Tianchao was originally a collection of quarreling wangguo (王國/kingdoms) in what is now the Zanghuan Provinces thousands of years ago. There were eleven major states and several minor states under vassal hegemony of a few of the major ones.

Modern scholars agree that the events that led to the founding of the modern empire began following the collapse of what is known to history as the Mo dynasty into the various states at the end of an era historians call the Predynastic Era. The previous recorded dynasties prior to Mo were, in practice, just fragile hegemonic alliances under the lordship of a stronger state. The Mo dynasty, a kingdom of magic ruled by magicians, was the first kingdom to exercise centralized authority over the rest of the kingdoms, and lasted longer than any dynasty in Tianzu history. After its initial founding, Mo held supreme authority over the other kingdoms; however, during the second half of its reign, the Mo dynasty lost control over its subjects as the first experiments and attempts at federalization were poorly executed and cost the wang (king) and his court their authority. This time is an era termed the Summer & Winter period (夏季和冬季). This attempt at federalization involved redrawing the internal borders and establishing states and elevating the statuses of the vassal wangs as rulers of them, granting them more governing authority to levy their own taxes, keep troops, and make their own individual laws. But this had the unintended side-effect of reducing their obligation to their liege and envoking disputes, territorial and personal. The loss of influence cost the central authorities their control over the newly formed constituent kingdoms, erupting a period of civil war.

While the Mo dynasty didn't actually collapse until near the end of the ensuing period of civil war, the instability triggered the beginning of an era of near constant warfare for survival and supremacy, shifting alliances, and brief periods of peace between conflicts; ending the Summer & Winter period and beginning a period of chaos and civil war known to history as the Warring States period. Even before then the rulers of the territories were going to war with one another for one reason or another, but it wasn't until the aftermath of an event known as the Heita Shijian (黑塔事件/Black Tower Incident), that all the states, having stewed in fierce rivalries for decades, declared war on each other in a bid for dominnace over the realm, beginning the Warring States period.

About a hundred years later, a warlord known to history as Jian Zheng (劍政): styled Zhugong (主公), a general from what was then Kingdom of Qiang and an alleged descendant of Xiangrikui Gongchen, usurped control of the kingdom in a military coup d'état, overthrowing the inept and complacent wang and the Zhi family, becoming wang himself. Jian Zheng then led his followers to conquer or politically assimilate all of Qiang's rivals, thus founding the first imperial dynasty of newly-formed Empire of Tianchao, under the rule of the Qiang dynasty with himself as the first Huangdi (皇帝/Emperor). His posthumous name was Chuangjian (創見) and his temple name is Kaiguo (開國). He is more commonly known by his posthumous name, but is also known in history as Qiang Shou Di (薔首帝). His conquests ended the Warring States period and the Prydynastic Era in one stroke and began the Classical stage of the Imperial Era.

While the name "Tianchao" was used as the offical name for the empire of the time, with the end of the Qiang dynasty, the name fell out of use. The name "Tianchao" was adopted as the official name of the empire during the Zhai dynasty.

The early imperial dynasties up to the mid-Jing dynasty, only ruled areas of the modern-day Zanghuan Provinces. From the mid-Jing dynasty onward began expanding Tianchao beyond its cradle of civilization. In the subsequent collective Tianzu Wars of Conquest, Tianchao expanded in every direction and grew into one of the largest and wealthiest empires on Qirsyllviar. (It is outclassed only by Yamatai in the latter aspect)

The empire has a chaotic history of various pretender dynasties, breakaway states, or usurpations by rebellion or coup d'état, and many other types of crises besides. For example, the Ji dynasty, the first dynasty of the Predynastic Era (前王朝紀元), prior-founding Tianchao, collapsed and was usurped by the Zao dynasty, which began the cycle for a successive change of dynasties.

The reason for the constant changes of dynasties and wars is all in part due to a dynastic cycle influenced by a religiopolitical concept known as the Mandate of Heaven (天命/Tianming), a philosophical concept of the circumstances under which a ruler is allowed to rule (see the two links to the wikipedia articles for the full explanation on both concepts). The concept dates back to the Ying dynasty.

Not all of the dynasties came to power by violence: sometimes power was peacefully handed over to a new dynasty when the previous dynasty's final huangdi abdicated in favor of a favored person or named such a person as his sole heir. This was usually done if the reigning huangdi felt that he was going to inevitably pass on without leaving a valid heir (such as a son, nephew, cousin or brother), so that a power vacuum was avoided. This was also done if it was believed that the incumbent dynasty had lost the Mandate of Heaven and had been granted to a new dynasty. Another way was, if he did die without a valid heir or before naming one, one of the highest ranked members of the government (often by election) would establish a new dynasty to fill the power vacuum before any sort of chaos could ensue. But civil wars were still a common occurrence in the latter instance, especially so if the nearest relatives of the last huangdi (such as a brother, nephew, cousin or a son of a concubine) made claims to the throne.

Founders of several dynasties were descendants of great heroes from Tianzu history and/or folklore; i.e, the founders of five different dynasties were allegedly descendants of Xiangrikui Gongchen, the first Abjaksan of Marlakcor.

Alongside the successive change of dynasties, Tianchao has also fractured into separate independent states and rival dynasties as a result of wars of succession, rebellions for independence, or other crises many times in the past.

These periods of chaos have become known, in chronological order, as:
Crisis Name Duration
Years Period
Warring States
戰國
Zhanguo
101ᴛᴊǫ – 5ᴛᴊʜ

522 – 426ʙꜰᴢ

106yrs
Warring States close up

The political map of the Warring States in central Zanghuan for the majority of the period, before the fall and annexation of Mo Kingdom, Wu Principality, Xiao Kingdom by Hong Kingdom.

A period of constant fighting between the states of central Zanghuan in the final century of the Mo dynasty, the final dynasy of the Predynastic Era. The period ended with the conquest of all other states by the Kingdom of Qiang and the founding of Tianchao under the Qiang dynasty.

Historians traditionally consider the defeat, capitulation and annexation of Hong Kingdom following the merge of Qiang and Bao Kingdoms through marriage as the official beginning of the Qiang dynasty. A couple years prior to that, Hong had conquered Mo, Wu and Xiao and seemed prime to dominate, only for their fortunes to reverse from the sudden alliance between Bao and Qiang Kingdoms.

Once Hong Kingdom and its conquered lands had been secured by the Qiang–Bao alliance, the marriage alliance between the two kingdoms was soon finallized. Bao Kingdom was annexed by Qiang and, in the aftermath of Hong Kingdom's capitulation, the Qiang dynasty was proclaimed. Over the coming years, Qiang continued to unite the land by diplomacy and conquest – mostly the latter – until the lands of the former Mo dynasty and more were under the Qiang banner. In 5ᴛᴊʜ (416ʙꜰᴢ), Qiu Kingdom was the last to fall.

States of the Warring States period:
Kingdom Origin of Name Ruling Family Flag/Emblem
Major States
These states were the major contenders of the Warring States.
Bao
Noble Title Lan
Both before and during the Warring States period, Bao was unique among the major states in that it was ruled by wanghou (王后/queens) with the throne passed matrilineally. This practice would not be resurrected until the Qin dynasty.

Merged with the Kingdom of Qiang through a marriage alliance in the face of invasion from the Hong Kingdom.

Cui
Tribe Name & Noble title Ping
Also called Gu Cui (古翠) by historians to distinguish it from the modern dynasty.

Was annexed by the Qiang dynasty by diplomatic means following the defeat, capitulation and annexation of Hong Kingdom.

Feng
Tribe name
Guang
Noble Title Tan
Hong
Tribe Name & Noble title Chi
Late the period, Hong Kingdom, after managing to conquer Mo, Wu and Xiao, seemed prime to dominate until the death of its last wang in battle against the alliance of Qiang and Bao.
Huang
Tribe Name & Noble title Hao
Also known as Hao Huang (濠黃) to differentiate it from the later self proclaimed dynasty during the Wars at the End of the Zhai Dynasty before the Four Kingdoms period.

Following the peaceful annexation of Cui, Huang was next kingdom to be conquered by the armies of the Qiang dynasty.

Huo
Tribe name
Mo
Noble Title Xi
Mo Kingdom flag
Mo Kingdom was a kingdom of magic that today is the namesake of one of the provinces of Tianchao. Conqured by Hong Kingdom.
Qiang
Tribe Name & Noble title Zhi, later the Jian
治, later 劍
Qiang Kingdom flag
Originally a vassal of Mo kingdom at the height of the Mo dynasty's power.
Qiu
Tribe Name & Noble title Mian
Calso called Mian Qiu (面虯) to distinguish it from the later Xiyi-ruled dynasty. At first conquered Sou Kingdom, but was conquered by Qiang dynasty when it's last wang was killed in battle.

The last of the states to fall to the Qiang dynasty.

Shui
Tribe name Han
Sou
Tribe name Fei
Conquered by Qiu Kingdom.
Tu
Tribe name
Xiao
Tribe name Yige
一個
Minor states
The states that had little influence or were vassals.
Cao
Noble Title Pi
Vassal of Qiang
Xiao Guang
小光
Toponym Xiaotan
小談
Vassal of the main Guang Kingdom. Styled a "Gongguo (公國/Duchy)". The ruling family was a cadet branch of the Tan clan.
He
Toponym
Vassal of Shui
Liu
Tribe name Beijian
倍件
Vassal of Qiang
Mai
Tribe name
Shu
Toponym
Vassal of the Mo dynasty until it fell to Hong Kingdom. Became a vassal of Feng for protection until its capitulation to Qiang Kingdom.
Sun
Noble Title
Vassal of Qiang
Wei
Tribe name Diao
調
Vassal of Cui
Wu
Noble Title
Vassal of Mo. Styled a "Gongguo."
Xing
Noble Title
Fan–Chang Contention
飯與昌爭辯
Fan yu Chang Zhengbian
138 – 141ᴛᴊʜ

283 – 280ʙꜰᴢ

3yrs
Fan-Chang Contention close up

The Fan and Chang dynasties at the beginning of the war.

The civil war at the end of the short-lived Fan dynasty – which succeeded the Qiang dynasty – between the incumbent regime and the declared Chang dynasty. Ended with the collpase of the Fan dynasty when its sole huangdi abdicated.

While the two regimes were competeing for supremacy, some minor warlords were also contending for influence. Most of said warlords chose sides as the war seemed to near its conclusion.

Imperial Schism
帝國分裂
Diguo Fenlie
296 – 302ᴛᴊʜ

125 – 119ʙꜰᴢ

6yrs
Chang-Can schism close up
A massive civil war that erupted when, as a result of a power struggle involving a three-generation-old split in the imperial line of the Chang dynasty, a member of the cadet branch declared himself huangdi of the self-proclaimed Can dynasty.
End of the Zhai dynasty
斎朝末年
Zhaichao Monian
c. 1504 – 1539ᴛᴊʜ

c. 1083 – 1118ᴀꜰᴢ

35yrs
A period of constant fighting between regional warlords that happened as the the Zhai dynasty, the dynasty which saw the legal adoption of Tianchao as the name of the empire, came to a close.

The Zhai dynasty was one of Tianchao's golden ages up until at least a genration prior to this period. By this time Tianchao controlled the central southern lands of Pianpilu and was just dipping its toes into Guangdai (said territores were lost during the period but were reconqured during the later Xuan dynasty). The origins of the period take root some years prior the final Zhai huangdi's abdication.

During and in the wake of a nationwide uprising known as the Heijin zhi Luan (黑巾之亂/Black Turban Rebellion), the power of the huangdi diminished into the hands of regional warlords, squabbling court officials and then a tyrannical chengxiang.

The rebellion was allegedly contrived by the Hanluan Jundi (混亂軍隊/Chaos Army), the Tianzu branch of the Chaos Order. The rebellion was defeated after three years of war, but the order never planned on victory; the goal of the rebellion was destablizing the empire to the point of destruction, and the death of Huangdi Zhixu (斎秩序皇帝); personal name Wei Chong (威衝), in the final battle came as an added bonus for them. The order did have a plan in place in the event of victory, but never intended to use it.

The tyrannical chengxiang is known to history as Huai Gui (壞鬼): styled Yaoguai (妖怪). Huai Gui ascended to power when he, on the advice of another general and statesman, brought his army into the capital to eliminate the court eunuchs who were usurping the power of the imperial court. Said eunuchs had been amassing political power and privilage for themselves since the early days of the reign of Huangdi Zhixu, but were kept in check by their huangdi's charisma. They used his death at the end of the Heijin zhi Luan two years before to fully consolidate the power of the court around themselves and deprive the young, new and inexperienced ruler of actual power. The new Huangdi of Tianchao, Wei Sui (威歲); posthumous name: Huangdi Zhamen (斎閘門皇帝), was powerless to do anything and spent the two years of his reign practically under house arrest, with only a few generals and officials loyal to him keeping him apprised of the situation.

With his loyal army and retainers backing him, Huai Gui succeeded in taking the capital and eliminating the eunuchs, but he immediately showed his true colors when he proceeded to assassinate Huangdi Zhamen and his loyalists. He then enthroned Zhamen's younger brother, the seven-year-old Wei Anzi (威安子): styled Chunjie (純潔), posthumous name: Huangdi Ang (斎昂皇帝), though the child huangdi was little more than a puppet. Through Huangdi Ang, Huai Gui was in effective control of the court and the empire, making him huangdi in all but name.

A punitive expedition against Huai Gui was initiated by a coalition of twenty regional warlords, most of whom were either military veterans – some of whom took part in defeating the Heijin zhi Luan – or powerful noblemen, but said coalition fell apart after just a few victories. This was mainly in part because each warlord had their own agendas and ambitions, leading them to scheme against each other. Worse yet, only a few of them had any intention of trying to restore the Zhai dynasty to glory; the rest sought to carve out a piece of the empire for themselves in the chaos they knew was to follow.

With Huai Gui's tyranny rampant, the dynasty faltered into the chaos of civil war between dozens of regional warlords – mostly the ones who participated in the coalition, but also some others – in a bid for power and hegemony over the realm. Even Huai Gui's eventual public assassination three years after the coalition fell apart – at the hands of his adopted son and future warlord Qi Pin (器品): styled Qingting (蜻蜓) – which just in time prevented him from usurping the throne, did nothing to quell the unrest. Even more so since Qi Pin, the greatest warrior of his time and supreme commander of the Zai army under Huai Gui, wasted no time in taking over the government.

Following his assasination of Huai Gui, Qi Pin took over as regent of Huangdi Ang and ruled like a military dictatorship with the army to enforce his rule, defeating all opponents, including Huai Gui's old loyalists and sycophantic followers, until he held sole authority over the court. Self-titling himself Shahuang (沙皇), he ruled for six years until he was outwitted and defeated in battle by a major warlord named Kong Song (孔嵩).

Immediately following the execution of Qi Pin, Huangdi Ang came under control of Kong Song, who used the huangdi and his new status as the chengxiang and the new head of the Zhai central government as a basis to assume control the rest of Tianchao as the de facto ruler of the empire. Many warlords resisted this and soon Kong Song was waging campaigns against them to restore central authority.

Over the course of at least at least three decades (historians debate the actual duration), most of the warlords fell to one another or vanished into obscurity until Tianchao was split into a quadripartite as power was consolidated into a delicate and fragile balance between four warlords heading their individual states: Gan, Yong Zhai, Lu, & Zan.

During the conflicts before the rise of the four kingdoms, three warlords, at different times, had the audacity to proclaim themselves huangdi of new dynasties. Two were defeated, while the third died before he could make good on his promise ot reunite Tianchao under a new dynasty.

  • The first warlord was a female outlaw warlord known as Lin Lin (霖琳): styled Reqing (熱情), and she declared herself huanghou of the short-lived Fei dynasty, posthumously known by her followers as Huangdi Liang of Fei (匪亮皇帝).
    • Her rationale for proclaiming the dynasty was her coming into possession of the imperial seal, which she actually stole from the capital when she and her bandit army sacked it while Qi Pin was away warring with Kong Song. Lin Lin's self-proclaimed dynasty was defeated by a new coalition after only five years on her self-proclaimed throne. While the imperial seal was recovered, Lin Lin vanished following her final defeat and was never seen again.
  • The second was Xin Zhujiao (信主教): styled Jiaohuang (教皇), a religious leader-turned-warlord, who proclaimed himself huangdi of the Huang dynasty (also known as Xin Huang (信黃) to differentiate it from the Warring States kingdom of the same name), posthumously known by his followers as Huangdi Jiuzhu of Huang (黃救主皇帝).
    • Devoted to Lingjiao faith and loved by his people, his rationale for proclaiming his dynasty was that the Zhai dynasty had long-since lost the Mandate of Heaven and that he had received a vision from the gods saying that it had been granted to him for the purpose of saving the nation from self-destruction. He died of illness a year and a half following his declaration. Passing on without an heir, his court quickly collapsed and his army scattered.
  • The third was San Yinghao (傘英豪): styled Lijie (禮節), an ethnic Senzai warlord from the Dianqing (靛青) peninsula, who proclaimed himself huangdi of the Dian dynasty, posthumously known by his followers as Huangdi Jingling of Dian (靛精靈皇帝).
    • His rationale for proclaiming his dynasty remains unknown to history. He intended on conquering the rest of Tianchao, but his self-proclaimed dynasty was defeated by Kong Song and his armies following a successful invasion and reconquest of the peninsula two years later. San Yonghao himself was captured and executed. His heirs were spared, but were forced to serve the Kong-controlled Zhai court.
Prominent warlords and their vassals of the era
Warlords
Names Notes, Fate & Legacy
Personal Courtesy
Chan Kan
纏看
Yingxiong
英雄
Participated in the Coalition against Huai Gui. Died at the Battle of Anbian following the coalition's failure. Succeeded by his eldest daughter, Chan Ming. Posthumously honored as Huangdi Ge of Zan (攢鴿皇帝), with the temple name Dazu, following Chan Yue's founding of Zan Kingdom
Chan Ming
纏名
Nujie
女傑
Daughter of Chan Kan. Suceeded her father afte his death.

Assassinated by unknown assailents. Suceeded by her younger brother, Chan Yue. Posthumously honored as Huangdi Tian of Zan (攢甜皇帝) following Chan Yue's founding of Zan Kingdom.

Chan Yue
纏越
Shijian
時間
Son & younger brother of late warlords Chan Kan & Chan Ming respectively. Suceeded Chan Ming upon her death. Later founding huangdi of Zan. Died of old age.
Yin Mao
銀毛
Shashou
殺手
Original founder and leader of the Coalition against Huai Gui and half-brother of Yin Ming.

Defeated in battle by Kong Song and later died of his injuries.

Survived by his four sons, who fought each other later and were too defeated by Kong Song.

Yin Ming
銀瞑
Nenya
嫩芽
Half-brother of Yin Mao. Died of his wounds following a defeat against Yin Mao.

Survived by his three sons and two daughters, all of whom pledged fealty to Kong Song.

Kong Song
孔嵩
Zhengke
政客
Chengxiang of Zhai. Died of old age. Posthumously honored as Huangdi Meng of Gan (感猛皇帝) with the temple name Yaozu.
Kong Hao
孔好
Youya
幽雅
Son of Kong Song. Chengxiang of Zhai following Kong Song's death. Later the first huangdi of Gan. Died of illness.
Huai Gui
壞鬼
Yaoguai
妖怪
An ethnic Senzai warlord from southern Pianpilu. Tyrannical Chengxiang of Zhai following the Heijin zhi Luan. Assassinated by Qi Pin.
Nai Xiao
鼐肖
Heyi
盒依
Originally a vassal of Wei San before striking out on his own. Died in the Battle of Lanjing against Yin Mao.
Lin Lin
霖琳
Reqing
熱情
Declared herself huanghou of the self-proclaimed Fei dynasty. Vanished following final defeat. Posthumously known by her followers as Huangdi Liang of Fei (匪亮皇帝).
Qi Pin
器品
Qingting
蜻蜓
Adopted son of Huai Gui. The greatest warrior of his time and supreme commander of the Zhai army under Huai Gui. Later publically assassinated Huai Gui.

Took over the Zhai government following the death of Huai Gui and ruled as a military dictatorship, self-styled Shahuang (沙皇), for six years.

Defeated and captured by Kong Song at the Battle of Yintalou. Executed following his defeat.

Shenji Rui
身幾瑞
Jinjiang
金匠
Originally vassal of the Kong clan of Gan and regent of the kingdom during the reign of the last huangdi of Gan. He usurped the Kong clan and abolished Gan Kingdom to found the Xuan dynasty.
Wei San
威散
Sangjian
桑劍
Imperial scion of the imperial house of the Zhai dynasty. Huangdi of Yong Zhai. Died of illness.
Da Nai
答奈
Yihe
易合
Xue Tai
學鈦
Tangling
糖零
First huangdi of Lu Kingdom.
Xue Han
學含
Bingzhen
冰鎮
Son of Xue Tai and the second and last huangdi of Lu Kingdom. Died of old age following abdication.
Fei Mei
飛美
Kaihua
開花
A female warlord and a participant in the Coalition against Huai Gui.

Following the tyannical chengxiang's death, she conquered almost half of then Tianchao and seemed prime to dominate the empire – even become huanghou – until she was defeated by Kong Song.

Dying childless (though it was rumored she was pregnant at the time of her death), her domain fell apart between her former subordinates, who became warlords competing to either succeed her legacy or become hegemon themselves.

Wei Ru
威儒
Xuezhe
學者
Governor of Kaizhou (a now-defunct province), a distant member of the imperial family, and a participant in the Coalition Against Huai Gui. He defended Kaizhou against all invaders, in particular the Chan of Zan, until his death.

His sons fought each other for succession following his death.

In the end:

  • The eldest son, Wei Guan (威罐), died in battle after seeking aide from Chan Yue to repel Kong Song's invasion.
  • The middle son, Wei Xin (威鋅), after losing a decisive battle against the followers of the Ming clan, fled to Wei San and served Yong Zhai until the abdication of Huangdi Wei Fu.
  • The youngest son, Wei Bo (威鉑), influenced by the nominally subordinate but manipulative Ming clan, was annointed as Wei Ru's offical successor, joined Kong Song and served Gan Kingdom until his death.

This event split Kaizhou in two until the end of the Four Kingdoms period.

Liang Dan
糧啖
Canyin
餐飲
Participant in the Coalition Against Huai Gui.

Known for his gluttony, he instituted policies in his domain solely for the purpose of feeding his vanity and coffers, causing his people to suffer.

He was assassinated by his own subordinates when Kong Song made them an offer they not only couldn't refuse and were only too willing to accept.

Zao Richao
造日超
Jingji
競技
Dan Fu
膽佛
Chengzhi
誠摯
Xin Zhujiao
信主教
Jiaohuang
教皇
A religious leader-turned warlord. Later declared himself huangdi of the self-proclaimed Huang dynasty. Died of illness a year and a half following his declaration. Posthumously known by his followers as Huangdi Jiuzhu of Huang (黃救主皇帝).
San Yinghao
傘英豪
Lijie
禮節
Ethnic Senzai warlord from the Dianqing peninsula. Proclaimed himself huangdi of the self-proclaimed Dian dynasty. Captured and executed following his final defeat. Posthumously known by his followers as Huangdi Jingling of Dian (靛精靈皇帝).
Prominent Subordinates
Names Master Notes & Fate
Personal Courtesy
Yinghua Meigui
英華薇玫瑰
Lican
麗璨
Qi Pin Wife of Qi Pin. Widely regarded as the the most beautiful woman of her time.

Granddaughter Yinghua Kui (英華薇葵), an offical of the Zhai court, she schemed with him to sow discord between Qi Pin and Huai Gui and have the former assassinate the tyrant, by having her presented as a concubine of the huangdi that Huai Gui wold take for himself.

The plan that succeeded, but, against the expectations of Yinghua Kui, Qi Pin took over the government and ruled as a military dictator.

By that time, Yinghua Meigui had fallen in love with Qi Pin and supported everything he did, turing a deaf ear to her grandfather's complaints until he took it so far she had him executed for treason.

Yinghua Meigui took her own life when Kong Song executed her husband.

Shenji Jian
身幾檢
Piaobo
漂泊
Kong Song Closest advisor of Kong Song.

Regent of Gan during the reign of Kong Su (孔素) of Gan, the penultimate huangdi of Gan.

Died of old age.

Grandfather of Shenji Rui, the founder of the Xuan dynasty.

Posthumously honored Huangdi Huanyuan of Xuan (軒還原皇帝) with the temple name Dazu.

Huan Hao
換號
Shuzhao
數找
Xue Tai
Gang De
鋼德
Yongling
永靈
Wei San Sworn brother of Wei San. Abjaksan of Marlakcor. Died in the Battle of Jinghai.
He Gan
河紺
Fengbao
風暴
Sworn brother of Wei San. Died of illness.
Wen Li
聞李
Ningjing
寧靜
Sworn sister of Wei San. Died in childbirth.
Fanwei Mingzhi
範圍明智
Tiancai
天才
Master strategist, chengxiang of Yong Zhai and alleged descendant of Xiangrikui Gongchen. Died of old age.
Wei Fu
威福
Longta
龍獺
Second son of Wei San. Became huangdi of Yong Zhai following his father's death.
Kong Zao
孔早
Danliang
膽量
Nephew of Kong Song and a rival of Kong Hao to succeed the chengxiang's legacy.

Following a political purge in the wake of Kong Hao's ascension to emperorship and the founding of Gan Kingdom, he defected to Yong Zhai and served until he died in battle.

Yue Liu
月懰
Chanjuan
嬋娟
A female warlord-turned-vassal.

A distant cousin and subordinate of the female warlord Fei Mei, Yue Liu rose to prominence following the death of Fei Mei. Yue Liu was one of only a handful of warlords who managed to fight Kong Song's armies to a stalemate.

She later became a vassal and trusted general of Wei San following a decisive defeat in battle against the forces of Xue Han, whom annexed her lands following her defeat.

She loyally served Yong Zhai with distinction until her death.

Four Kingdoms
四國
Siguo
1539 – 1589ᴛᴊʜ

1118 – 1168ᴀꜰᴢ

50yrs
Four Kingdoms close up

The Four Kingdoms upon Zan Kingdom's declaration.

Commenced with the end of the Zhai dynasty.

Following the death of Kong Song, who by then had assumed the title of King of Gan and controlled a great portion of the empire of the time, the Zhai dynasty finally ended with the forced abdication of Huangdi Ang to Kong Hao (孔好), Kong Song's son and successor.

Later the rulers of the other three kingdoms, one after another, declared themselves huangdi of the territories they had conquered in the preceding years, igniting a new but different struggle for power: the reunification of the country under one dynasty.

The era ended when the four kingdoms were conquered by the newly proclaimed Xuan dynasty, which was proclaimed following the overthrow of Gan by the Shenji clan.

States of the Four Kingdoms
Kingdom Tenure Founder Final Ruler
Name Ruling Family
Surname Race Ethnicity
Gan
Kong
Human Yinghui 1539 – 1581ᴛᴊʜ

1118 – 1160ᴀꜰᴢ

42yrs Huangdi Gengxin
更新皇帝
Kong Jiong
孔炯
Gan Kingdom – also known as Kong Gan (孔感) or Northern Gan (北感/Bei Gan) – was the first to declare its own emperorship after Kong Hao – posthumous name: Huangdi Gengxin of Gan – forced Huangdi Ang to abdicate to him, ending the Zhai dynasty.
  • Gan Kingdom had five huangdi during its 42-year reign, as Kong Hao and his successors had a history of myriad health problems that resulted in early deaths and a rapid succession of huangdi. Historians believe that said health problems were resultant of the incestuous inbreeding practices of the Kong clan (wedding siblings and first cousins) going back a least six generations prior to Kong Song's time.
    • Consequently, this also resulted in the Shenji clan, longtime subordinates of the Kong clan, in amassing more and more power until they reigned as regents for the final two huangdi.

Seven years after conquering Yong Zhai, Gan was usurped by the Xuan dynasty under Shenji Rui (身幾瑞) – posthumous name: Shanyu (軒善于皇帝) – following the forced abdication of Huangdi Kong Jiong.

  • Shenji Rui was the grandson of Shenji Jian (身幾檢), whom was the closest advisor to Chengxiang Kong Song. Starting from the reign of Kong Hao, Shenji Jian descreetly laid the foundation for the Shenji to ascend to power.
  • With the Shenji clan firmly in power, the new Xuan dynasty proceeded to conquer Lu and Zan.
Yong Zhai
永斎
Wei
Human Yinghui 1539 – 1574ᴛᴊʜ

1118 – 1153ᴀꜰᴢ

35yrs Huangdi Qianbei
永斎謙卑皇帝
Huangdi Heshan
永斎和善皇帝
Yong Zhai Kingdom, also known, uncommonly, as Southern Zhai (南斎/Nan Zhai), was the second kingdom to declare emperorship, yet it was founded as a succession to the Zhai dynasty.

The founder of Yong Zhai was a scion of the imperial family with the intent of restoring the dynasty proper. The founder added the prefix "Yong" to the name of the kingdom not only to distinguish it from the dynasty proper but also to signify his intentions to restore the Zhai dynasty to full glory.

The founder of Yong Zhai was Wei San (威散): styled Sangjian (桑劍), posthumous name: Huangdi Qienbei, a warlord of humble origins of the preceding civil wars and a distant relative of Wei Anzi, hailed as the "Imperial Uncle."

He was well known for going almost everywhere with his two sworn brothers, Gang De (鋼德): styled Yongling (永靈), He Gan (河紺): styled Fengbao (風暴), and sworn sister, Wen Li (聞李): styled Ningjing (寧靜), whom were his most trusted generals and compatriots. His other most trusted ally was the legendary strategist Fanwei Mingzhi (範圍明智); styled Tiancai (天才).

Additionally, Gang De was the Abjaksan of Marlakcor of the time and was Yong Zhai's top general, keeping Gan Kingdom and Zan Kingdom at bay with his reputation and prowess in battle, and won many victories in the name of his lord & sworn brother.

Gang De died in the Battle of Jinghai against Zan Kingdom in 1551TJ). He was survived by his three daugthers.

Wei San passed on as well from illness less than a year later. He was survived by his six children, two sons & four dughters

Among them was his second son and chosen successor Wei Fu (威福): styled Longta (龍獺), posthumous name: Huangdi Heshan.

He Gan died of illness a few months after Wei San. He was survived by his three sons.

Wen Li died in childbirth giving birth to her youngest child in 1556ᴛᴊʜ (1135ᴀꜰᴢ). She was survived by her four children, a daughter and three sons.

After the death of Wei San and his sworn brothers and sister, Fanwei Mingzhi kept Yong Zhai going on behalf of Wei Fu until his own death in 1564ᴛᴊʜ (1143ᴀꜰᴢ), an event that most historians regard as the beginning of the end for Yong Zhai.

With the conquest of Yong Zhai by Gan – which concluded with Wei Fu's abdication following Yong Zhai's last defeat at the Battle of Nanting – it was the first kingdom to fall, ending the last vestiges of the Zhai dynasty for good and dashing any hopes of restoration. Despite abdicating his position, Wei Fu was named a Taishang Huangdi and given an imperial posthumous name upon his death.

Lu
Xue
Faun Yinghui 1540 – 1588ᴛᴊʜ

1119 – 1167ᴀꜰᴢ

48yrs Xue Tai
學鈦
Xue Han
學含
Lu Kingdom, also known as Xue Lu (學露) or Eastern Lu (東露/Dong Lu), as it was the easternmost fo the four kingdoms. Lu was also the only kingdom whose ruler was a race other than a human, a faun in this case.

Although it was the third kingdom to declare an emeprorship, Lu was really only following suit to the previous two declarations and pretty much stayed out of the conflict between the three other states. Additionally, while Zan resisted Xuan to its last breath, Lu's second, and last, huangdi willingly abdicated rather than risk a subtantial loss of life. Said huangdi is known to history as Xue Han (學含), whom took over from his father, Xue Tai (學鈦), at the age of sixteen when the latter died of old age.

Zan
Chan
Human Yinghui 1546 – 1589ᴛᴊʜ

1125 – 1168ᴀꜰᴢ

43yrs Huangdi Jinyue
攢勁樂皇帝
Huangdi Haolong
攢好龍皇帝
Zan Kingdom, also known as Chan Zan (纏攢) or Western Zan (西攢/Xi Zan) to distinguish it from the later dynasty of the later Medieval Imperial Era, as it was the westernmost of the four kingdoms. Zan's ruler was he last one to declare himself huangdi.

For a several years, the King of Zan, Chan Yue (纏越), later known as Huangdi Jinyue of Zan, submitted to Gan Kingdom as a vassal in the face of the aggression of Yong Zhai Kingdom over past disputes, but proclaimed emperorship in the wake of the death of Kong Dong (孔懂) – the second huangdi of Gan – at the Battle of Hongdu against Yong Zhai.

Zan Kingdom was the last to declare emperorship and the last fall, resisting submission to the Xuan dynasty to its last breath, when Huangdi Haolong of Zan, aka Chan Jieji (纏傑基), Zan's fourth and final huangdi, died in the final battle against Xuan forces.

Crisis of the Twentieth Century
二十世紀的危機
Ershi Shiji de Weiji
1941 – 1997ᴛᴊʜ

1520 – 1576ᴀꜰᴢ

56yrs
Crisis of the 20th Century close up
As a result of a power struggle within the Imperial House of Huang of the Hun dynasty – the only unified vampire-ruled dynasty in Tianzu history – known to history as the Six Years & Ten Emperors (六年及十皇帝/Liu Nian ji Shi Huangdi), Tianchao broke into three empires competing for supremacy: Jian, Zhao & the Hun dynasty itself.

Peace was finally restored when the Hun dynasty, restored to stability, reconquered the breakaways just a few before the new millennium (by the Luan calendar).

Also called the Crisis of the Sixteenth Century among Eurodyne historians.

The breakaway dynasties of the Crisis of the Twentieth Century
Dynasty Tenure Founder Final Ruler
Name Ruling family
Surname Race Ethnicity
Jian
Tang
Human Yinghui 1941 – 1997ᴛᴊʜ

1520 – 1576ᴀꜰᴢ

56yrs
Zhao
Yan
Vampire Yinghui 1944 – 1991ᴛᴊʜ

1523 – 1570ᴀꜰᴢ

47yrs Yan Tang
眼糖
War of the Twelve Princes
十二王子之戰
Shi'er Wangzi zhi Zhan
2575 – 2588ᴛᴊʜ

2154 – 2167ᴀꜰᴢ

13yrs
A series of devastating civil wars that occurred during the Kai dynasty – which succeeded the Hun dynasty and, up till then, was one of Tianchao's golden ages – and lasted for thirteen years. The twelve wangzi in question – four of whom were wangfei, contrary to the name of the conflict – fought each other for control of the empire.

Although called the War of the Twelve Princes, it's somewhat of a misnomer: rather than one continuous conflict, the War of the Twelve Princes saw intervals of peace interposed with short and intense periods of internecine conflict. At no point in the whole conflict were all of the twelve wangzi on one or multiple sides of the fighting.

The wars occurred during the reign of the mentally incompetent Huangdi Tai Bing (泰兵): styled Bangshou (幫手), posthumous name: Huangdi Ju (愷句皇帝). Huangdi Ju was developmentally disabled and could not effectively rule. Throughout his reign, there was constant internecine fighting between regents, imperial wangzi (his siblings, uncles, cousins), and his wife Huanghou Mihan Keyi (米晗可以皇後) for the right to control him (and therefore the imperial administration), causing great suffering for the people and greatly undermining the stability of the Kai regime. Most historians believe and agree that Mihan Keyi provoked the wars between the twelve wangzi in an vain, foolish, and ill-fated attempt to establish supreme hegemony over the realm from behind the throne, or perhaps even usurp the throne herself.

Most of the fighting was either to establish regency over Huangdi Ju or remove Huanghou Keyi from power; but, two of the Wangzi had to audacity to attempt to usurp the throne for themselves when they drove the court from the capital. However, their reigns were brief and are not traditionally counted among the official list of huangdi stored in the imperial archives.

Another important figure of the time was Huang-Taihou Ming Ye (鳴也皇太後): styled Soujia (艘家), second wife of the previous ruler, Huangdi Songhan (愷嵩涵皇帝), and the mother of Huangdi Ju. She sensed that Huanghou Keyi was attempting to usurp power by provoking conflict between the wangzi and wangfei and tried to defuse the sitiation before it got out of hand. Tragically, she was assassinated by poison within two years after the conflicts started.

The Twelve Wangzi of the period were
Prince(ss) Relation to Huangdi Ju Notes & Fate
Name Style Title
Tai Aimi
泰愛米
Jingling
精灵
Qinyi Wumei Wangfei
秦怡嫵媚王妃
Princess Wumei of Qinyi
Aunt Imprisoned.

Released after conflicts & exiled.

Tai Bian
泰便
Yongrong
雍容
Tiao Kanzhi Wangzi
條看直王子
Prince Kanzhi of Tiao
Uncle Executed.
Tai Caojin
泰曹金
Songhao
嵩号
Shangui Hao Wangzi
善鬼号王子
Prince Hao of Shangui
Older brother Killed in Battle.
Tai Fang
泰房
Xiaotao
笑套
Rongying Piao Wangzi
荣膺漂王子
Prince Piao of Rongying
Second cousin Imprisoned. Died in prison
Tai Han
泰喊
Gongtai
攻台
Nanzhou Yuji Wangzi
南粥預計王子
Prince Yuji of Nanzhou
Uncle Declared himself huangdi.

Executed.

Tai Jiji
泰急擊
Haojin
耗尽
Yi Rongbei Wangzi
以荣北王子
Prince Rongbei of Yi
Killed in Battle.
Tai Lin
泰霖
Jiaying
嘉硬
Puzhang Meiji
鋪張每即王妃
Princess Meiji of Puzhang
Tai Mian
泰面
Taoli
桃李
Kanglong Puyin Wangfei
亢龍普印王妃
Princess Puyin of Kanglong
Younger half-sister Executed.
Tai Song
泰送
Jiatang
加糖
Jiongxiao Tinan Wangzi
囧校題難王子
Prince Tinan of Jiongxiao
first cousin, once removed Declared himself huangdi.

Commited suicide following final defeat.

Tai Qing
泰清
Jimin
机敏
Hangzhai Linyun Wangfei
航窄磷孕王妃
Princess Linyun of Hangzhai
Tai Wang
泰网
Erding
而定
Ruicao Kongxian Wangzi
瑞肏控先王子
Prince Kongxian of Ruicao
Granduncle The oldest of the wangzi at start of conflicts (78yrs).

Died of old age at 85.

Tai Zize
泰紫澤
Linmi
林密
Shangling Ouran Wangfei
尚翎偶然王妃
Princess Ouran of Shangling
Third cousin De facto winner of the War of the Twelve Princes.

During the conflict, Huanghou Keyi schemed to put one of her favored sons on the throne in place of her husband and rule the empire through him, so she conspired with Tai Song, a wangzi she favored, to have her elder stepson, the taizi (the heir apparent) – whom was from a concubine Huangdi Ju took before he married Keyi, as well as intelligent and long-favored by the people – murdered.

She attempted afterward to have her youngest son named taizi, but the after-effects of the incident backfired on her, as Tai Song used the assassination as an excuse to have her deposed and forced her to commit suicide. Shortly after, Tai Song deposed Huangdi Ju and declared himself huangdi but did not hold power for long. Later that year, another coup was held, Huangdi Ju was restored to the throne and Tai Song was executed for treason.

At the end of the conflict, all other principal wangzi and wangfei of the wars were dead and Tai Zize held power over the empire as regent, but her victory was short-lived. With the death of Huangdi Ju by poisoning two years later, he was succeeded as huangdi by his youngest brother, Tai Yan (泰眼): styled Huakong (花控), posthumous name: Huangdi Yong (愷永皇帝). The new huangdi was much more intelligent and tried to initiate reforms to restore the empire, but Tai Zize, as regent, kept him from exercising any real power.

This, combined with the instability brought on from the previous conflict, resulted in a devolution of imperial authority that caused the near-collapse of the empire.

Twenty Kingdoms
二十王國
Ershi Wangguo
2594 – 2734ᴛᴊʜ

2173 – 2313ᴀꜰᴢ

140yrs
Occurred the during the last century of the Kai dynasty.

In the aftermath of the War of the Twelve Princes (roughly six years, give or take; historians continue to debate it) the political order of what was then western and northern Tianchao splintered into a series of short-lived sovereign states while the Kai dynasty, whose power continued to wane, continued to rule most of central and eastern Zanghuan. Some of the kingdoms participated in the later final overthrow of Kai.

Most of the states of central Tianchao were founded by ethnic Yinghui, but the states on the fringes of the empire were founded by ethnic Tukhii (now known as Shengwai), or Jitized Unghwa still living outside their homelands' borders.

States of the Twenty Kingdoms
Kingdom Years Term
Name Origin of Name Ruling Family
Surname Race Ethnicity
Zi
Western, Central & Northern Dynasties
西方中環和北朝
Zhonghuan Xifang Hebei Chao
2734 – 2940ᴛᴊʜ

2313 – 2519ᴀꜰᴢ

206yrs
Followed the Twenty Kingdoms period with the final complete collapse of the Kai dynasty. Ended with the reunification of Tianchao under the Zan dynasty.

The ruling families of the Central Dynasties were mostly ethnic Yinghui, while those of the Western Dynasties were mostly either Yinghui or Jitized Unghwa, while those of the Northern Dynasties were mostly either Senzai or Tukhii.

States of the Western, Central & Northern Dynasties: Table 1
Western Dynasties
西朝
Central Dynasties
中朝
Northern Dynasties
北朝
Sai
2736 – 2816ᴛᴊʜ
Tan
2734 – 2790ᴛᴊʜ
Yutian/Boroo
2735 – 2809ᴛᴊʜ
Northern Sai
2816 – 2872ᴛᴊʜ
Southern Sai
2815 – 2900ᴛᴊʜ
Western Tan
2790 – 2912ᴛᴊʜ
Eastern Tan
2790 – 2920ᴛᴊʜ
Rao
2872 – 2911ᴛᴊʜ
Jiu
2809 – 2864ᴛᴊʜ
Xiatian/Zuny
2809 – 2905ᴛᴊʜ
Fang
2900 – 2935ᴛᴊʜ
Dan
2864 – 2904ᴛᴊʜ
Chao
2911 – 2930ᴛᴊʜ
Kang
2912 – 2938ᴛᴊʜ
Qingwa/Malkhii
2905 – 2940ᴛᴊʜ
Ling
2920 – 2930ᴛᴊʜ
States of the Western, Central & Northern Dynasties: Table 2
Dynasty Years Term
Name Origin of Name Ruling Family
Surname Race Ethnicity
Western Dynasties
Sai

Noble title Long
Human Unghwa 2736 – 2816ᴛᴊʜ

2315 – 2395ᴀꜰᴢ

80yrs
Northern Sai
北塞
북새
Sai dynasty Aeng
Human Unghwa 2816 – 2872ᴛᴊʜ

2395 – 2451ᴀꜰᴢ

56yrs
Southern Sai
南塞
남새
Sai dynasty Baek
Human Unghwa 2815 – 2900ᴛᴊʜ

2394 – 2479ᴀꜰᴢ

85yrs
Rao
Toponym Shu
Human Yinghui 2872 – 2911ᴛᴊʜ

2451 – 2490ᴀꜰᴢ

39yrs
Chao
Noble title Wan
Human Yinghui 2911 – 2930ᴛᴊʜ

2490 – 2509ᴀꜰᴢ

19yrs
Fang
Noble title Yao
Human Yinghui 2900 – 2935ᴛᴊʜ

2479 – 2514ᴀꜰᴢ

35yrs
Central Dynasties
Tan
Toponym Mingliu
名流
Human Yinghui 2734 – 2790ᴛᴊʜ

2313 – 2369ᴀꜰᴢ

56yrs
Western Tan
西探
Tan dynasty Mingliu
名流
Human Yinghui 2790 – 2912ᴛᴊʜ

2369 – 2491ᴀꜰᴢ

122yrs
Eastern Tan
東探
Tan dynasty Mingliu
名流
Human Yinghui 2790 – 2920ᴛᴊʜ

2369 – 2499ᴀꜰᴢ

130yrs
Ling
Noble title Ruan
Human Yinghui 2920 – 2930ᴛᴊʜ

2499 – 2509ᴀꜰᴢ

10yrs
Kang
Noble title Gua
Human Tonglu 2912 – 2938ᴛᴊʜ

2491 – 2517ᴀꜰᴢ

26yrs
Northern Dynasties
Yutian
雨天

Boroo
ᠪᠣᠷᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ

Toponym Senlin
森林

Oin
ᠣᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ

Human Tukhii 2735 – 2809ᴛᴊʜ

2314 – 2388ᴀꜰᴢ

74yrs
Xiatian
夏天
Zuny
ᠵᠤᠨ ᠤ
Noble title Zao

Khuurai
ᠬᠠᠭᠤᠷᠠᠢ
Human Tukhii 2809 – 2905ᴛᴊʜ

2388 – 2484ᴀꜰᴢ

96yrs
Jiu
Noble title Gongtang
貢糖
Human Senzai 2809 – 2864ᴛᴊʜ

2388 – 2443ᴀꜰᴢ

55yrs
Dan
Toponym Zhugan
主幹
Human Senzai 2864 – 2904ᴛᴊʜ

2443 – 2483

40yrs
Qingwa
青挖

Maltakh
ᠮᠠᠯᠲᠤᠬᠤ

Noble title Hexie
和諧

Taaramj
ᠲᠠᠭᠠᠷᠠᠮᠵᠢ

Human Tukhii 2905 – 2940ᴛᴊʜ

2484 – 2519ᴀꜰᴢ

35yrs

The period ended with the reconsolidation and reconquest of Tianchao under the Tonglu-ruled Zan dynasty, which came to power following the overthrow of Kang, one of the central dynasties, in 2838ᴛᴊʜ (2417ᴀꜰᴢ).

War of the Seven Emperors
七皇帝的戰爭
Qi Huangdi de Zhanzheng
3181 – 3196ᴛᴊʜ

2760 – 2775ᴀꜰᴢ

15yrs
This conflict took place near the end of the short-lived Jia dynasty, which took power after overthrowing the Qiu dynasty (which was of Xiyi (爬蟲) ethnicity and the second non-Yinghui ethnic group to rule a unified Tianchao; the Zan dynasty being the first) in what is historically known as Muren's Rebellion. Said rebellion was to overthrow Qiu's final huangdi, whom was a tyrannical monster known to history as Huangdi Shui Bude Mingming (皇帝誰不得命名/Emperor Who Shall Not be Named), whom was so infamously cruel and evil that he was denied a proper execution and burial, and was instead cursed and buried alive in a tomb that was more of a prison, the location of which was purposely scratched from history.

Said huangdi is known to history as Huangdi Zui (嘉醉皇帝); personal name, Pang Yu (胖与): styled Muren (木人); temple name: Jiuxing. He was known for his drunken temperament and general lack of interest in ruling the empire. Because of this, he was also widely regarded as an inefficient ruler whose policies, or lack thereof, destabilized the regime and the empire, setting the stage for civil war following his death.

  • As a result of the succession to the throne of an illegitimate bastard whom was not born to the Jia dynasty's huangdi (as Pang Yu's huanghou, known to history as Jin Ting (尽挺), decieved him into thinking he was), the late-huangdi's older brother and two brothers proclaimed themselves huangdi of the Jia dynasty and fought the bastard, and each other, for the throne.
    • Said bastard is known to history as Pang Wu (胖吴): styled, Jujue (拒絕), posthumous name: Huangdi Hunwai (嘉婚外皇帝).
    • Huangdi Pang Yu's elder brother and younger brothers were:
      • Pang Gou (胖够): styled Wenxian (文獻). Pang Yu's elder brother. Posthumously known as Huangdi Shi (嘉獅皇帝) by his followers.
      • Pang Mingce (胖命策): styled Weilian (威廉). Posthumously known as Huangdi Hu (嘉虎皇帝) by his followers.
      • Pang Long (胖隆): styled Yadang (亞當). Posthumously known as Huangdi Xiong (嘉熊皇帝) by his followers.
  • Meanwhile elsewhere, three kings each declared themselves huangdi and independence, both of their provinces and the lands they claimed/conquered.
    • Two, whom were a centaur and a vampire, were descendants of enfeoffed generals who had been given hereditary titles; and the third, whom was a human of different ethnicity, was enfeoffed by Huangdi Bo for his service in the rebellion.
  • As Pang Yu was the sole legally recognized huangdi of the Jia dynasty, most historians consider the reign of Pang Wu, and the war itself, an interregnum.
  • When the war ended fifteen years later:
    • The bastard Huangdi Wu, all the self-proclaimed huangdi, and most remnants the Jia dynasty's direct imperial Pang clan (those who could possibly make a claim to the throne, including the rest of Huangdi Bo's children) were dead.
    • The Jia dynasty collapsed and was supplanted by the Song clan of the newly proclaimed Gun dynasty.
    • The secessionist kingdoms were reconquered by the new Gun dynasty.
Breakaway States of the War of the Seven Emperors
State Tenure Founder
Name Ruling Family
Surname Race Ethnicity
Pian
Sui
Centaur Yinghui 3181 – 3188ᴛᴊʜ

2760 – 2767ᴀꜰᴢ

7yrs Sui Han
虽韩
Nian
Ren
Vampire Yinghui 3181 – 3192ᴛᴊʜ

2760 – 2771ᴀꜰᴢ

11yrs Ren Jizhi
稔機智
San
Na
Human Yinghui 3181 – 3196ᴛᴊʜ

2760 – 2775ᴀꜰᴢ

15yrs Na Bin
拿斌
The last of the breakaway states to fall, ending the War of the Seven Emeprors. Endured until seven years after the founding of the Gun dynasty, and five years after the Jia dynasty officially ended with the death of Huangdi Xiong.
Seven Dynasties & Twelve Kingdoms
七朝和十二國記
Qichao he Shí'er Wangguo
3980 – 4121ᴛᴊʜ

3559 – 3700ᴀꜰᴢ

141yrs
Following the collapse of the Mei dynasty, seven dynasties in the Zanghuan Provinces succeeded each other one after another, while twelve breakaway states existed concurrently elsewhere.

The Six Dynaties & Twelve Kingdoms period, the last prolonged period of division in Tianzu history, ended with the conquest of Tianchao under the Lin dynasty, the only ethnic Arslan dynasty to rule a unified Tianchao and the last true golden age in Tianzu history.

Tianchao's territorial control of Guangdai never reached all the way across the continent to the western sea; its armies stretched too thin by that time, it stopped its conquests roughly eight-hundred miles from the westernmost coast of the continent. Instead, it vassalized the native kingdoms to use as buffer states.

A few hundred years before present day (throughout the entirety of the Ang dynasty's reign), Tianchao lost its western vassals and control of its westernmost territories to Genjin conquerors during the Yamato Invasions of Marlakcor (4431 – 4533ᴛᴊʜ/4010 – 4112ᴀꜰᴢ), which the Empire of Yamatai of Fuso initiated to spread Yamtao rule. In the wake of the Third Yamato–Tianzu War (4521 – 4533ᴛᴊʜ/4100 – 4112ᴀꜰᴢ) – which Yamatai declared in hopes of taking advantage of the anarchy and aftermath of the Ang–Ting War – following a peace treaty with the Ting dynasty (which fully usurped the Ang dynasty in 4523ᴛᴊʜ (4102ᴀꜰᴢ) following a 14-year civil war), the Great Wall of Guangdai was constructed to prevent any further expansion eastward by the Yamato into the western continent. The wall took nearly a century to build (and the rulership of Tianchao passed from the Ting dynasty to the Geng dynasty during that time, in part becuase the project was so economically costly that it contributed to the already weak and strained dynasty's collapse), and it has so far fulfilled that purpose, save for very brief occupations of various fortresses at various periods during several wars throughout its history. The last major war between Yamatai and Tianchao was fought from 4716 – 4728ᴛᴊʜ (4295 – 4307ᴀꜰᴢ), during the dwarf-ruled Lei dynasty. Said war was also the only time Tianchao attempted an invasion of Fuso, managing to conquer and hold a sizeable chunk of Yamato territory for a decade, even managing to bring the war to the streets of Daitoshi (the capital of Yamatai), until they were kicked out of the archipelago in the last year of the conflict. There have been several wars since, but nothing on that scale.

Tianchao also lost the former Daludao Kingdom as a suzerainty, along with some of its southeastern territories, when the Solarii Empire invaded and conquered Daludao, renaming it Serica. Tianchao later helped the territories Miaogui throw off Solarii rule when they declared independence as the Republic of Miaogui, albeit not for altruistic reasons.

Despite these flaws and a recent decline in power, it maintains its status as Marlakcor's dominant empire, a title rivaled by both Dongbalian and Yamatai.

List of Dynasties

Dynasties of Tianzu history before and during the imperial period – which scholars and historians traditionally divide into the Classical, Medieval, and Modern periods – along with the periods of disunity mentioned above, are included in the list below.
Dynasty Period of Rule Founder Final ruler
Name Origin of name Ruling House
Surname Race Ethnicity Years Term See also: List
Semi-Legendary Era
Lang
Tribe name Lang
????? ????? ???? – 1371ᴛᴊǫ

???? – 1792ʙꜰᴢ

????? Qiu Zun
狼尊酋
Tong
Tribe name Shang
????? ????? ???? – 1371ᴛᴊǫ

???? – 1792ʙꜰᴢ

?????
Cong
Tribe name Cai
????? ????? ???? – 1371ᴛᴊǫ

???? – 1792ʙꜰᴢ

?????
Chi
Tribe name Hong
????? ????? ???? – 1371ᴛᴊǫ

???? – 1792ʙꜰᴢ

?????
Predynastic Era
前王朝紀元
Qian Wangchao Jiyuan
Ji
Tribe name Su
Human Yinghui 1371 – 1286ᴛᴊǫ

1792 – 1707ʙꜰᴢ

85yrs Qiu Jin
集金酋
Zao
Tribe name Fu
Human Yinghui 1286 – 953ᴛᴊǫ

1707 – 1374ʙꜰᴢ

333yrs Qiuwang Shixin
燥獅心酋王
Gao
Toponym Chajing
茶晶
Human Yinghui 954 – 713ᴛᴊǫ

1375 – 1134ʙꜰᴢ

241yrs Wang Cuiruo
皋脆弱王
Mo
Toponym Xi
Human Yinghui 733 – 11ᴛᴊǫ

1154 – 432ʙꜰᴢ

722yrs Wuwang Shanmei
魔善媚巫王
Wuwang Fenghuang
魔鳳凰巫王
Warring States
戰國
See the table above for involved powers. 101ᴛᴊǫ – 0ᴛᴊʜ

522 – 421ʙꜰᴢ

101yrs
Classical Imperial Era
古典英制紀元
Gudian Yingzhi Jiyuan
Qiang
Tribe Name & Noble title Jian
Human Yinghui 0 – 100ᴛᴊʜ

421 – 321ʙꜰᴢ

100yrs Huangdi Chuangjian
薔創見皇帝
Huangdi Chuantong
薔傳統皇帝
Fan
Toponym & Noble title Kan
Human Yinghui 103 – 141ᴛᴊʜ

318 – 280ʙꜰᴢ

38yrs Huangdi Cui of Fan
飯粹皇帝
Chang
Toponym & Noble title Fa
Human Yinghui 138 – 346ᴛᴊʜ

283 – 75ʙꜰᴢ

208yrs Huangdi Haohan
昌好漢皇帝
Can
Noble title Fa
Human Yinghui 296 – 302ᴛᴊʜ

125 – 119ʙꜰᴢ

6yrs Fa Tao
發陶
Hua
Toponym & Noble title Ding
Faun Yinghui 346 – 428ᴛᴊʜ

75ʙꜰᴢ – 7ᴀꜰᴢ

82yrs
Yue
Toponym Qingse
青色
Human Yinghui 427 – 727ᴛᴊʜ

6 – 306ᴀꜰᴢ

300yrs Huangdi Kongyo
悦控唷皇帝
Huangdi Jiaoyong
悦教涌皇帝
Jing
Noble title Fan
Human Yinghui 715 – 1032ᴛᴊʜ

294 – 611ᴀꜰᴢ

317yrs Huangdi Tanlan
靜貪婪皇帝
Huangdi Zhuping
靜主平皇帝
Shu
Toponym & Noble title Shan
Gargoyle Yinghui 1032 – 1119ᴛᴊʜ

611 – 698ᴀꜰᴢ

87yrs Huangdi Xinjing
樹心經皇帝
Huangdi Xinruan
樹心軟皇帝
Zhai
Toponym & Noble title Wei
Human Yinghui 1120 – 1539ᴛᴊʜ

699 – 1118ᴀꜰᴢ

419yrs Huangdi Tongyi
斎統一皇帝
Huangdi Ang
斎昂皇帝
Fei
"Bandit" Lin
Human Yinghui 1519 – 1524ᴛᴊʜ

1098 – 1103ᴀꜰᴢ

5yrs Huangdi Liang
匪亮皇帝
Huang
From Huang kingdom Xin
Human Yinghui 1530 – 1532ᴛᴊʜ

1109 – 1111ᴀꜰᴢ

1yr, 6mo Huangdi Jiuzhu
黃救主皇帝
Dian
Toponym San
Human Senzai 1535 – 1537ᴛᴊʜ

1114 – 1116ᴀꜰᴢ

2yrs Huangdi Jingling
靛精靈皇帝
Four Kingdoms
四國
1539 – 1589ᴛᴊʜ

1118 – 1168ᴀꜰᴢ

50yrs
Gan
Noble title Kong
Human Yinghui 1539 – 1581ᴛᴊʜ

1118 – 1160ᴀꜰᴢ

42yrs Huangdi Gengxin
感更新皇帝
Kong Jiong
孔炯
Yong Zhai
永斎
From Zhai dynasty Wei
Human Yinghui 1539 – 1574ᴛᴊʜ

1118 – 1153ᴀꜰᴢ

35yrs Huangdi Qianbei
永斎謙卑皇帝
Huangdi Heshan
永斎和善皇帝
Lu
Noble title Xue
Faun Yinghui 1540 – 1588ᴛᴊʜ

1119 – 1167ᴀꜰᴢ

48yrs Xue Tai
學鈦
Xue Han
學含
Zan
Noble title Chan
Human Yinghui 1546 – 1589ᴛᴊʜ

1125 – 1168ᴀꜰᴢ

43yrs Huangdi Jinyue
攢勁樂皇帝
Huangdi Haolong
攢好龍皇帝
Xuan
Toponym & Noble title Shenji
身幾
Human Yinghui 1587 – 1742ᴛᴊʜ

1166 – 3121ᴀꜰᴢ

155yrs Huangdi Shanyu
軒善于皇帝
Lai
Noble title Sa
Centaur Yinghui 1746 – 1766ᴛᴊʜ

1325 – 1345ᴀꜰᴢ

20yrs Huangdi Mashu
騋馬術皇帝
Hun
"Twilight" Huang
Vampire Yinghui 1763 – 2289ᴛᴊʜ

1342 – 1868ᴀꜰᴢ

526yrs Huangdi Qishi
昏騎士皇帝
Huangdi Lucao
昏綠草皇帝
Jian
Noble title Tang
Human Yinghui 1941 – 1997ᴛᴊʜ

1520 – 1576ᴀꜰᴢ

56yrs
Zhao
Toponym & Noble title Yan
Vampire Yinghui 1944 – 1991ᴛᴊʜ

1523 – 1570ᴀꜰᴢ

47yrs Yan Tang
眼糖
Medieval Imperial Era
中世紀英制紀元
Zhongshiji Yingzhi Jiyuan
Kai
Toponym & Noble title Tai
Human Yinghui 2288 – 2734ᴛᴊʜ

1876 – 2313ᴀꜰᴢ

446yrs Huangdi Wan
愷玩皇帝
Huangdi Dang
愷黨皇帝
Twenty Kingdoms
二十王國
2594 – 2734ᴛᴊʜ

2173 – 2313ᴀꜰᴢ

140yrs
Jiong
Tian
Tie
Xiaoyu
小雨
Western Dynasties
西朝
2736 – 2934ᴛᴊʜ

2315 – 2513ᴀꜰᴢ

198yrs
Sai

Noble title Long
Human Unghwa 2736 – 2816ᴛᴊʜ

2315 – 2395ᴀꜰᴢ

80yrs
Northern Sai
北塞
북새
Sai dynasty Aeng
Human Unghwa 2816 – 2872ᴛᴊʜ

2395 – 2451ᴀꜰᴢ

56yrs
Southern Sai
南塞
남새
Sai dynasty Baek
Human Unghwa 2815 – 2900ᴛᴊʜ

2394 – 2479ᴀꜰᴢ

85yrs
Rao
Toponym Shu
Human Yinghui 2872 – 2911ᴛᴊʜ

2451 – 2490ᴀꜰᴢ

39yrs
Chao
Noble title Wan
Human Yinghui 2911 – 2930ᴛᴊʜ

2490 – 2509ᴀꜰᴢ

19yrs
Fang
Noble title Yao
Human Yinghui 2900 – 2935ᴛᴊʜ

2479 – 2514ᴀꜰᴢ

35yrs
Central Dynasties
中朝
2734 – 2938ᴛᴊʜ

2313 – 2517ᴀꜰᴢ

204yrs
Tan
Toponym Mingliu
名流
Human Yinghui 2734 – 2790ᴛᴊʜ

2313 – 2369ᴀꜰᴢ

56yrs
Western Tan
西探
Tan dynasty Mingliu
名流
Human Yinghui 2790 – 2912ᴛᴊʜ

2369 – 2491ᴀꜰᴢ

122yrs
Eastern Tan
東探
Tan dynasty Mingliu
名流
Human Yinghui 2790 – 2920ᴛᴊʜ

2369 – 2499ᴀꜰᴢ

130yrs
Ling
Noble title Ruan
Human Yinghui 2920 – 2930ᴛᴊʜ

2499 – 2509ᴀꜰᴢ

10yrs
Kang
Noble title Gua
Human Tonglu 2912 – 2938ᴛᴊʜ

2491 – 2517ᴀꜰᴢ

26yrs
Northern Dynasties
北朝
2735 – 2940ᴛᴊʜ

2314 – 2519ᴀꜰᴢ

205yrs
Yutian
雨天

Boroo
ᠪᠣᠷᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ

Toponym Senlin
森林

Oin
ᠣᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ

Human Tukhii 2735 – 2809ᴛᴊʜ

2314 – 2388ᴀꜰᴢ

74yrs
Xiatian
夏天

Zuny
ᠵᠤᠨ ᠤ

Noble title Zao

Khuurai
ᠬᠠᠭᠤᠷᠠᠢ

Human Tukhii 2809 – 2905ᴛᴊʜ

2388 – 2484ᴀꜰᴢ

96yrs
Jiu
Noble title Gongtang
貢糖
Human Senzai 2809 – 2864ᴛᴊʜ

2388 – 2443ᴀꜰᴢ

55yrs
Dan
Toponym Zhugan
主幹
Human Senzai 2864 – 2904ᴛᴊʜ

2443 – 2483ᴀꜰᴢ

40yrs
Qingwa
青挖

Maltakh
ᠮᠠᠯᠲᠤᠬᠤ

Noble title Hexie
和諧

Taaramj
ᠲᠠᠭᠠᠷᠠᠮᠵᠢ

Human Tukhii 2905 – 2940ᴛᴊʜ

2484 – 2519ᴀꜰᴢ

35yrs
Zan
Toponym Yang
Human Tonglu 2938 – 2986ᴛᴊʜ

2517 – 2565ᴀꜰᴢ

48yrs Huangdi Zhaoze
簪沼澤皇帝
Huangdi Caoze
簪草澤皇帝
Qiu
Toponym Mijingyu
冪鯨魚
Human Xiyi 2976 – 3165ᴛᴊʜ

2555 – 2744ᴀꜰᴢ

189yrs Longdi Pachong
虯爬蟲龍帝
Huangdi Shui Bude Mingming
皇帝誰不得命名
Jia
Noble title Pang
Human Yinghui 3164 – 3191ᴛᴊʜ

2743 – 2770ᴀꜰᴢ

27yrs Huangdi Zui
嘉醉皇帝
Huangdi Xiong
嘉熊皇帝
Pian
Noble title Sui
Centaur Yinghui 3181 – 3188ᴛᴊʜ

2760 – 2767ᴀꜰᴢ

7yrs Sui Han
虽韩
Nian
Noble title Ren
Vampire Yinghui 3181 – 3192ᴛᴊʜ

2760 – 2771ᴀꜰᴢ

11yrs Ren Jizhi
稔機智
San
Noble title Na
Human Yinghui 3181 – 3196ᴛᴊʜ

2760 – 2775ᴀꜰᴢ

15yrs Na Bin
拿斌
Na Ao
拿澳
Gun
Noble title Song
Human Yinghui 3189 – 3284ᴛᴊʜ

2768 – 2863ᴀꜰᴢ

105yrs Huangdi Chunzhen
磙純真皇帝
Huangdi Tanpan
磙談判皇帝
Qin
"Dear" Yuan
Human Yinghui 3277 – 3939ᴛᴊʜ

2856 – 3518ᴀꜰᴢ

662yrs Niangdi Cuilu
親翠綠娘帝
Niangdi Chuai
親踹娘帝
Mei
Noble title Luo
Human Yinghui 3939 – 4020ᴛᴊʜ

3518 – 3599ᴀꜰᴢ

81yrs Huangdi Ganju
梅柑橘皇帝
Huangdi Yangguo
梅蘋果皇帝
Seven Dynasties
七朝
3980 – 4076ᴛᴊʜ

3559 – 3655ᴀꜰᴢ

96yrs
Yin
Human Yinghui
An
Jiu
Faun Yinghui
Qu
Human Yinghui
Tai
Gui
Tonglu
Geng
Yinghui Huangdi Cheng
耿誠皇帝
Man
滿
Yinghui […] – 4076ᴛᴊʜ

[…] – 3655ᴀꜰᴢ

Twelve Kingdoms
十二國記
4020 – 4121ᴛᴊʜ

3599 – 3700ᴀꜰᴢ

101yrs
Hang
Noble title Sikong
司空
Human Yinghui
Sang
Noble title Yuma
域馬
Human Fujian
Zhang Chi
張遲
From Chi dynasty Zhang
Human Yinghui 30yrs
Shengwai
Shengwai
Unghwa
Tao
Xiyi
Zhaoze
招擇
Sou
Tonglu
Meng
Senzai
Mian
Die
Yinghui
Human Arslan
Modern Imperial Era
現代英制紀元
Xiandai Yingzhi Jiyuan
Lin

ᠯᠢᠩᠨ
Noble title Altanzul
阿坦祖爾
ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠨᠵᠤᠯ
Human Arslan 4076 – 4430ᴛᴊʜ

3655 – 4009ᴀꜰᴢ

354yrs Huangdi Diqi Zuichu
第七最初皇帝

Ayalguu Khan
ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠨᠵᠤᠯ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ

Huangdi Yanjiuyuan
研究員皇帝

Etssiin Khan
ᠡᠴᠦᠰ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ

Gwan

Toponym & Noble title Chang

Human Unghwa 4174 – 4395ᴛᴊʜ

3753 – 3974ᴀꜰᴢ

221yrs
Pan
Noble title Sanglijiao
磉黎教
Human Xiyi 4174 – 4283ᴛᴊʜ

3753 – 3974ᴀꜰᴢ

109yrs
Shuang
Toponym & Noble title Hanleng
寒冷
Human Shengwai 4174 – 4642ᴛᴊʜ

3753 – 4221ᴀꜰᴢ

468yrs
Ang
Noble title Qiao
Human Yinghui 4428 – 4523ᴛᴊʜ

4007 – 4102ᴀꜰᴢ

95yrs Huangdi Zhanshi
盎戰時皇帝
Ting
Noble title Mangepo
滿咯破
Human Xiyi 4509 – 4576ᴛᴊʜ

4088 – 4155ᴀꜰᴢ

67yrs
Lei
Toponym & Noble title Kuangshi
礦石
Dwarf Yinghui 4576 – 4902ᴛᴊʜ

4155 – 4481ᴀꜰᴢ

326yrs Huangdi Geng
雷耿皇帝
Nao
Toponym Jiao
Faun Yinghui 4776 – 4802ᴛᴊʜ

4355 – 4381ᴀꜰᴢ

26yrs
Dongji
冬季
Toponym Jixue
積雪
Human Shengwai 4880 – 4906ᴛᴊʜ

4459 – 4485ᴀꜰᴢ

26yrs
Cui
Toponym & Noble title Sun
Human Yinghui 4903ᴛᴊʜ – Incum

4482ᴀꜰᴢ – Incum

60+yrs Huangdi Shiwu
翠飾物皇帝
Key:
Unity periods are in a normal grey row. A white highlighted row is a civil war/breakaway state or rival claimant during the above dynasty.
  • Gold in the leftmost column denotes dynasties that were considered part of golden ages or saw one at some point during their tenures.

Division/civil war periods are Italics and highlighted dark grey. Color-coded along the leftmost column in a white highlighted row are dynasties/states part of the above period.

  • Dark Red in the leftmost column denotes dynasties counted among the "Four Kingdoms."
  • Green in the leftmost column denotes dynasties counted among the "Twenty Kingdoms."
  • Purple in the leftmost column denotes dynasties counted among the "Western dynasties" within the broader "Western, Central & Northern Dynasties."
  • Blue in the leftmost column denotes dynasties counted among the "Central dynasties" within the broader "Western, Central & Northern Dynasties."
  • Orange in the leftmost column denotes dynasties counted among the "Northern dynasties" within the broader "Western, Central & Northern Dynasties."
  • Magenta in the leftmost column denotes dynasties counted among the "Seven Dynasties" within the broader "Seven Dynasties & Twelve Kingdoms."
  • Cyan in the leftmost column denotes dynasties counted among the "Twelve Kingdoms" within the broader "Seven Dynasties & Twelve Kingdoms."
  • Dark Green in the leftmost column is the Shuang dynasty, which existed independently from Tianchao folowing the fragmentation of Gergazar until it was reconquered by the Lei dynasty.
Notes:
Several interesting facts of notes about the dynasties in Tianzu history.
  • The "dynasties" of the semi-legendary era were really chiefdoms that mostly existed contemporaneously until they were all united/conquered by the Tianzu dynasty.
  • The Ying, Re and Gao dynasties are more properly described as loose confederations or collections of chiefdoms, consisting of several loosely affiliated independent clans who recognized a wang. Proper centralization of authority under a wang was achieved by the founders of the Mo dynasty.
  • The Ying dynasty is the origin of the name of the Yinghui people.
  • The "Predynastic Era" is a bit of misnomer, as the states of the time were technically dynasties in their own right. The name really just refers to the more well documented period following the semi-legendary era and before the imperial era.
  • The Gao, Qiang, Zhai, Kai, Mei, and Cui dynasties were founded by alledged descendants of Xiangrikui Gongchen, the first abjaksan of Marlakcor.
  • The listed founders & final rulers of dynasties are listed with the name they're commonly refered to, which can be either their posthumous name, or their personal name if they don't have one.
  • The Zan, Qiu and Lin dynasties were the only unified dynasties ruled by a non-Yinghui ethnic group, Tonglu, Xiyi and Arslan repectively. The former two were Jiti while the Arslan were not, adopting local customs for ease of rule.
  • Aside for the preimperial Mo dynasty, which lasted for 722 years, the only dynasties of the imperial era to surppass 500 years of rule were the Hun and Qin dynasties.
  • The Qin dynasty is unique among the rest. While there were female rulers in past and future dynasties, the Qin dynasty is the only unity period dynasty that was ruled entirely by women, with the title passed mother to daughter matrilineally.
    • It was also the longest-enduring dynasty of the imperial era, enduring for 662 years.
  • The race of the ruling families of the dynasties were majoritively human.
    • Of the non-human-ruled unity period dynasties of Tianchao, there was 1 gargoyle-ruled dynasty 1 centaur-ruled dynasty, 1 vampire-ruled dynasty, 1 dwarf-ruled dynasty and 1 faun-ruled dynasty,
  • Some unity dynasties were established a few years before the preceding dynasty officially ended, as they took power by force through civil war.
    • One that note, while some of said dynasties were proclaimed alongside a declaration of war, some of civil wars started some time – whether months or years – before a new dynasty was actually proclaimed, before it was believed that the Mandate of Heaven had been passed on.
  • Some dynasties that replaced prior ones were established some time after the preceding dynasty ended – whether months or years; these instances were the filling of interregnums resulting from the collapse of the previous dynasty. The major disunity periods don't count.
  • The Hang Kingdom and Sang Kingdom from the Seven Dynasties & Twelve Kingdoms period were never recovered and were eventually suceeded by modern Dongbalian.
  • The Lin dynasty was the only ethnic Arslan dynasty in the history of Tianchao. It was a conquest dynasty that took advantage of the discord of the Seven Dynasties & Twelve Kingdoms period to conquer Tianchao.
    • The Lin dyasty was originally founded as a division of the Gergazard Kaganate, a longtime rival of Tainchao, and so it was also the only time Tianchao and the Gergazard Khaganate were united one nation, though only for a short time. A succession dispute in Gergazar following the death of the third ruler of Lin saw the Altanzul clan ousted from rulership of Gergazar, which in turn resulted in the fragmentation of the Khaganate into five states and the independence of the Lin dynasty.
    • The Shuang dynasty was also originally a division of Gergazar, but it too split from Arslan rule within months of the Altanzul clan's ousting from rulership of Gergazar. It endured independently for the better part of five centuries contemporaneously with the Lin, Ang, Ting, and early-Lei dynasties, enduring many wars with both Tianchao and Gergazar until it was finally reconquered by the Lei dynasty.
      • Despite retaining independence for centuries, they are included in the list as they too used Jiti customs and titles of similar meanings.
  • Until the brief civil war that marked the transition between the Lin and Ang dynasties, the Lin dynasty was the last true golden age Tianchao experienced.
    • On that note, the Ang dynasty never recovered from the war to take over Tianchao and restore Yinghui rule from the Arslan-ruled Lin dynasty – or really, it never had the chance to recover – as the Empire of Yamatai invaded western Tianchao, a few years after it fully subjugated Tianchao's western vassals, the year before Ang defeated Lin.
      • And so, almost the entirety of the Ang dynasty's reign was dedicated to combating the Yamato; the exahustion of conflict, which, combined with wartime ecomonic collapase, contributed to the Ang dynasty's demise at the hands of the Ting dynasty in 4523ᴛᴊʜ (4102ᴀꜰᴢ) following a fourteen-year-long civil war, the Ang–Ting War, after less than a century on the throne.
      • That same war also saw Tianchao lose control much of its southeasternmost territories in Huaxia to Dongbalian.
        • On that note, the Ting dynasty didn't last long either, as the aftereffects of the Ang–Ting War and the Third Yamato–Tianzu War left it weak and strained. Its badly timed and economically costly project, the Great Wall of Guangdai, for the purpose of containing Yamato expansion, greatly contributed to the Ting dynasty's collapse after less than three-quarter's of a centuy in power.
        • The Ting dynasty was succeeded by the Lei dynasty after an interregnum of six months following the death of the second and last huangdi of the Ting dynasty.
  • The Semi-Legendary dynasties
  • Ji dynasty
  • Zao dynasty
  • Gao dynasty
  • Mo dynasty
  • The Warring States period
  • Qiang dynasty
  • Fan dynasty
  • The Fan–Chang Contention
  • Chang dynasty before Chang-Can schism.
  • Imperial Schism of the Chang dynasty
  • Chang dynasty at its zenith.
  • Hua dynasty
  • Yue dynasty
  • Jing dynasty
  • Shu dynasty
  • Zhai dynasty
  • The Four Kingdoms period
  • Xuan dynasty
  • Lai dynasty
  • Hun dynasty, before the Crisis of the 20th Century.
  • Crisis of the 20th Century
  • Hun dynasty at its zenith.

Government & Politics

Tianchao is an imperial hereditary monarchy ruled by a Huangdi (皇帝/Emperor). Female rulers also used the title. The heir apparent is titled Taizi (太子/Crown Prince). In the instance of a female ruler, the titles do not usually change; the exception being the rulers of the women-ruled Qin dynasty, whom used the title Niangdi (娘帝). The only title that does change is the title of the female hunagdi's spouse: husbands of female huangdi and rulers of the Qin dynasty and are titled Yufuma (御駙馬/Imperial Prince Consort).

Rulers of Arslan-ruled division era states and rulers of the Arslan-ruled Lin dynasty were titled Khagan (可汗/ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ) as well as huangdi. This was discontinued from the Ang dynasty onward with the return of Yinghui rule.

Important female titles include the Huanghou (皇後/Empress), the legal wife of the huangdi, and the Huang-Taihou (皇太後/Empress Dowager), the title of the widow of the prior huangdi and mother of the current one, both of whom control the imperial harem and can exercise a great degree on the politics of Tianchao, mainly through the huangdi, if given the chance. Both also control the Huogong (后宮/Imperial Harem), yet the huang-taihou generally has more power over it than the huanghou. The title of huanghou is generally discarded in the event of a female ruler, during which the standard title of hunagdi is used.

Aside for the Taizi, sons and daughters of the huangdi, as well as brothers and sisters, are referred to as Wangzi (王子/Prince) and Wangfei (王妃/Princess) respectively. All other relatives, such as nephews, nieces & cousins, are titled Gongjue (公爵/Prince, Duke) and Gongzhu (公主/Princess) respectively. Husbands of wangfei and gongzhu are titled Fuma (駙馬).

Gong (公/Duke) and Gongnu (公女/Duchess) are titles of the highest-tier noblemen unrelated to the hunagdi. Often these are just prestigeous titles with power limited to command troops, but they can also given power to autonmously administer the territories they're granted, either from the seat of the territory or the imperial capital; but this is not without risk of the empowered person from becoming a threat to the central government. Holders of such titles may also be enfeoffed to the rank of Wang (王/King).

Succession of the huangdi is generally straightforward. The heir to the throne, the taizi, is generally appointed by either favoritism or by merit. Often it is the eldest son of the huangdi is appointed the taizi, whether they are from the huanghou or a concubine, yet this is not automatically so; a daughter can be chosen as well. If the huangdi feels that his eldest is not up to the task or simply favors someone else, a younger son or daughter, a nephew, niece, brother, sister or cousin can be appointed taizi instead. Generally, while there is only one huanghou at a time, the huangdi's harem of many dozens of concubines, if any in the first place, often result in there being any number of children to choose from.

Yet, if the huangdi dies before or without appointing a successor, the huang-taihou generally has the sole right to appoint one of the late huangdi's surviving sons or relatives to the position. Most often the successor chosen in this fashion is a minor, thus the huang-taihou serves as regent over the government. Other times, responsibility for appointing a new ruler from among the deceased huangdi's relatives falls to the government, generally the liugexia. Sometimes the huangdi will not announce an heir during their reign, instead writing it down and keeping it secret for it to be discovered upon his death. However, it's not uncommon for the deceased hunagdi's wishes to be disregarded or unannounced, leaving a vacuum to be filled one way or another.

The event a new huangdi can not be appointed in a timely fashion, the late-huangdi's various relatives generally tend make claims to the throne, resulting in a heated – and often deadly – strife to fill the power vacuum and even wars of succession in the extreme cases. These power-struggles often start smoldering even before the huangdi dies, and tend to shape the future of the dynasty for generations afterwards.

Sometimes the huangdi is suceeded without dying. Sometimes the huangdi will abdicate without ending the dynasty; in other words, retire. Huangdi who abdicate to retirement are titled Taishang Huangdi (太上皇帝/Retired Emperor). However, while most huangdi who do retire go into quiet retirement for the rest of their days, the huangdi sometimes doesn't always give up actual power despite retireing; sometimes they will act as the power behind the throne through his official succesor.

As a religious leader, the huangdi also bears the title of Tianzi (天子/Son of Heaven); Tianfei (天妃/Daughter of Heaven) in the case of female rulers. While anyone can found a dynasty and claim the imperial title, the title of tianzi is only conferred upon by the high priests to the true ruler of the realm; i.e. the one who is believed to have the grace of the gods and been granted the Mandate of Heaven, usually the ones who rule a unified dynasty or succeed in reunifying the empire and ending a period of disunity. The title is hereditarily passed on until it is believed that the dynasty has lost the Mandate, only bestowed upon again to the one it is believed has attained the Mandate of Heaven.

Huangdi are also bestowed with a posthumous name and a temple name after death.

Posthumous names can mean anything, and usually illustrate the huangdi or his reign in some way or follow a particular naming scheme associated with previous rulers. Temple names are similar but are a selection of names chosen with more care. Even ancestors of dynasty founders, especially those who laid the foundation for the dynasty's founding, are sometimes posthumously promoted to huangdi and honored with temple names by their descendants, even if they did not rule as huangdi, or even claim the imperial title, in their lifetime.

Not all huangdi were given either name after death; in fact, there were many instances throughout Tianzu history where the practice of giving either one or both names were abandoned altogether until it was revived later, in particular during disunity periods. There were other reasons for not bestowing either to an huangdi, including the belief that a particular ruler was not worthy of one.

Well known/used temple names include:
Name Notes
Temple names of dynasty founders or huagndi of a new line within an existing one are suffixed with either "jian (建/founder)" or "zu (祖/ancestor)," with a couple rare exceptions. All other temple names are suffixed with "pi (辟/monarch)," with a few rare exceptions.
Dynasty Founder names
Bianjian
變建
Rebellion Founder
Typically used for dynasty founders who came to power by revolt and/or civil war.
Dazu
大祖
Great Ancestor
Can also be used for ancestors who laid the foundation for a dynasty's founding, even if they did not rule themselves.
Kaiguo
開國
Founder of a country
More rare than others, as it it typically used to refer to Jian Zheng, the founder of the Qiang dynasty, and the first huangdi of Tianchao.
Kaijian
凱建
Triumphant Founder
Used for dynastic founders who created their dynasty by conquest.

Exam;es: the Zan dynasty, the Qiu dynasty, and the Lin dynasty

Xinjian
新建
New Founder
The more commonly generic temple names for founders or huangdi of a new line within an existing dynasty.
Xinzu
新祖
New Ancestor
Yaozu
耀祖
Glorious ancestor
Can also be used for ancestors who laid the foundation for a dynasty's founding, even if they did not rule themselves.
Yongzu
永祖
Eternal ancestor
Used for founders deemed worthy of eternal remembrance.
Other names
Fanpi
反辟
Rebel King
Typically used for monarchs who came to power by revolt and/or civil war.
Fuxing
復興
Revival
Honored to sovereigns who revitalized their realm following a period of decline. Can also be used for dynastic founders.
Huaipi
壞辟
Wicked King
Typically given to particularly tyrannical rulers.

Originated with the surname of Huai Gui, the tyranncial chengxiang of the Zhai dynasty before the Four Kingdoms period. It started as a way for historians to mock him, but was eventually applied to actual tyrannical rulers.

Jiuxing
救星
Liberator
Typically given to an huangdi who overthrew a tyrannical predacessor.

Can also be used for dynasty founders if the overthrown huangdi was the last huangdi of the previous dynasty.

Kaipi
凱辟
Triumphant King
Used for Huangdi who came to power by conquest.
Supi
穌辟
Revival King
Honored to sovereigns who revitalized their realm following a period of decline.
Weipi
偉辟
Great King
One of the more commonly generic temple names.
Junpi
軍辟
Army King
Typically used for huangdi who gave remarkable military achievements or greatly expanded the empire's sovereign territory during his reign.
Xiongpi
雄辟
Mighty King
Yongpi
永辟
Forever King
Used for huangdi deemed worthy of eternal remembrance.
Zhepi
哲辟
Sagacious Monarch
Typically given to huangdi who were known for being very wise or religious.
Zuangli
壯麗
Magnificent
Typically given to huangdi who had a particularly prosperous reign or ushered in a golden age.
Zuihou
最後
Final
Reserved for huangdi who were the last ruler of their dynasty. First used for

Huangdi Chuantong, the last Huangdi of the Qiang dynasty.

Beneath the huangdi is the bureaucracy of the Guohui (國會/Congress).

The six senior members of the guohui are referred to as the Liugexia (六閣下/Six Excellencies):
Office Description & Responsibility
Chengxiang
丞相
Imperial Chancellor
The de jure highest political office beneath the huangdi, the highest of the liugexia.

The chengxiang is in charge of presiding over the guohui when it meets. Also leads the armies alongside or on behalf of the huangdi.

Taiwei
太尉
Grand Marshal
Leads the armies, alongside or on behalf of the chengxiang and huangdi.
Taifu
太傅
Grand Tutor
Responsible for maintaining the Imperial Household on behalf, or at the descretion, of the huangdi.
Taibao
太保
Grand Protector
Oversees security of the capital and its residing province. Also the head of the Imperial Guard.
Situ
司徒
Minister of the Masses
In charge of maintaining the government's relations with the general public and between the various regional lords of the empire.
Sikong
司空
Minister of the Works
in charge of maintaining the empire's finances and overseeing government projects—construction of the Great Wall of Guangdai being a notable example.

Beneath the huangdi and the liugexia are the titleless chen (臣/statesmen), whom make up the majority of the officials; there may be as many as five hundred or a few as fifty, depending on the policies and/or events of the time. They participate by suggesting laws and decrees, and even possible courses of action in times of crises; as well as bringing the huangdi and the liugexia up to date on what is going on around the empire, including instances of which may or may not have already reached their attention. Otherwise, they are generally powerless, yet enjoy a substantial government salary. Members are chosen based on scores taken from the Guomin Buji Kaoshi (國民部級考試/National Ministerial Examination), which is held every four years.

Throughout Tianzu history the power of the huangdi and the bureaucracy has constantly fluctuated. Sometimes the huangdi had all the power while the bureaucrats had limited or no power; other times the huangdi and the bureaucrats shared the power, creating a system of checks and balances on each other; and sometimes the power of the huangdi was curtailed, leaving the true power in the hands of the bureaucrats, the chengxiang, a regent or some other person while the huangdi was a ceremonial figurehead.

Armed Forces

Tianchao maintains the largest known standing armed forces on Qirsyllviar, but the empire's sheer size, and constant threat of rebellions and foreign incursions in the outer territories furthest from Xiazhou – the capital region – causes it to be spread thin.

Beneath the huangdi, chengxiang and taiwei, Tianchao has five main generals, referred to as the Wuzhi Laohu (五隻老虎/Five Tigers), in charge of the land forces of the Tianzu Imperial Army, and one in charge of the toops along the military zones that line the east side of the Great Wall of Guangdai. Including any number of officers in charge of various detachments spread around their zones, each has at least 700,000+ troops under their command at any given time.

Title Responsibility

Wuzhi Laohu (五隻老虎/Five Tigers)

Beiyu Siling
北域司令
Commander of the North
Responsible for troops in Pianpilu.
Nanyu Siling
南域司令
Commander of the South
Responisble for troops in the southern regions of Zanghuan and along the borders with Dongbalian and Gaoliang.
Dongyu Siling
東域司令
Commander of the East
Responisble for troops in eastern Zanghuan and seaboard and the border regions of the islands shared with Miaogui.
Xiyu Siling
西域司令
Commander of the West
Responsible for troops in Guangdai.
Zhongxin Siling
中心司令
Commander of the Center
Responisble for troops in central Zanghuan and around the capital.
Other
Wei Qiangbi Siling
偉牆壁司令
Commander of the Great Wall
Responsible for troops stationed in every fort and castle along the entire length Great Wall of Guangdai.

There are also sizeable detatchments of naval forces in every body of water controlled by Tianchao.

Political Divisions

Tianchao today is divided into sixteen zhou (provinces). Those are in turn divided into several jun (commanderies), when are further divided into three or four xian (counties).

Provinces and their subdivisions include:
Zhou (州) Jun (郡) Xian (縣) Notes
Name Capital Name Name
Angzhou
昂州
Gongwu
共舞
Baozhou
宝州
Hanzhou
汗州
Tongtong
統統
Jinzhou
金州
Songqi
送氣
Leizhou
雷州
Leizhou has the most and largest producing mines of all types in the entire empire, producing 60% of the total supply of minable substances.
Mingzhou
名州
Hongqian
弘前
Mozhou
魔州
Guangyi
光邑
The outskirts of the province capital hosts Wushu Xueyuan (巫術學院), the oldest and most prestigious academy of magic in Tianchao.
Qinzhou
琴州
Shuzhou
書州
Songzhou
頌州
Zhengdu
整度
Suizhou
穗州
Shenyun
神韻
Tangzhou
堂州
Hongshan
紅山
Tianzhou
天州
Weizhou
味州
Wuzhou
五州
Xiazhou
轄州
Tangzhai
瑭寨
Xiazhou and its constituent jun and xian are directly administrated by the huangdi and the government.
Yuanzhou
原州
Hangzhai
航窄

Empire of Tibet

Capital: Lhasa
ལྷ་ས་
Largest City:
Government: Hereditary Absolute Monarchy

Head of State:

Tsenpo
ཙན་པོ་
Ruling Clan:
Dynasty:
Race:
Ethnicity:
Head of Government: Tsenpo

Legislature:

none

Demonym:

Tibetan
བོད་པ་

Currency:

Tangka, Srang, Skar
Languages: Official:
Minority:
Writing system:
Tibet whole

The whole of Tibet, which is partially cut off on the map above.

The Empire of Tibet (བོད་), also called "Bod" locally, the the nation of Zlasnyi people. It is an island nation occupying the vast island of the same name in eastern Marlakcor. It shares maritime borders with the Empire of Tianchao to the west and Baoshi to the northwest.

Constituent Territories

Yamato Dependencies

Akantai

Yamatai flag
Captial: Daitoshi (in Fuso)
Largest City:
Government: Hereditary Feudal Monarchy

Head of State:

Tenno of Yamatai
Ruling Clan: Idai
Dynasty: Idai
Race: Human
Ethnicity: Genjin
Head of Government: Tenno of Yamatai

Legislature:

Chamber:

Demonym:

Currency:

Teisatsu, Kingetsu, Gingitsune, Gin'yo, Dogame
Languages: Official: Gengo
Minority:
Writing system:
Akantai (亜寒帯) the collective term for the Ryoiki (regions) and Gun (Provinces) of the Yamato Empire in the archipelagic territory northeast of Yamatai in the Sea of Shinko in the northwestern waters of Marlakcor.

Like the main empire in Fuso, Akantai is divided into several ryoiki ruled by an appointed sotoku pledging fealty to the Tenno of Yamatai, and smaller gun ruled by chiji. Some clans and daimyo are from Fuso, whether by immigration or land grants. Other daimyo are more local compared to the clans of Fuso, as the majority are descendants of families that cooperated, and even helped, the invading Yamato Imperial Armies during the invasion; many even married into Genjin families, adopted Genjin names customs and traditions, and even their religion, to varying extents.

Morokoshi

Yamatai flag
Capital: Daitoshi (in Fuso)
Largest City:
Government: Hereditary Feudal Monarchy

Head of State:

Tenno of Yamatai
Ruling Clan: Idai
Dynasty: Idai
Race: Human
Ethnicity: Genjin
Head of Government: Tenno of Yamatai

Legislature:

Chamber:

Demonym:

Currency:

Teisatsu, Kingetsu, Gingitsune, Gin'yo, Dogame
Languages: Official: Gengo
Minority: Tianyu, Ungmal,
Writing system:
Morokoshi (唐土) is the collective term for the Ryoiki (regions) and Gun (Provinces) of the Yamato Empire on Xinshijie (called Higashimoto (東本) by the Genjin), the western subcontinent of Marlakcor, taking up great portions of both Guangdai (Hirotai) and Yuchang (Amehara), and two large islands between them. The Morokoshi land closest to Fuso is a Y-shaped island named Makigaijima (巻貝島), which is also the name of a gun.

The easternmost lands of the empire, Morokoshi borders Tianchao and Raimei to the east, and sharing maritime borders with Goryeo to the north. It was first established as a result of the Yamato Invasions of Marlakcor (4010 – 4100ᴀꜰᴢ), which in turn sparked the First Yamato-Tianzu War (4010 – 4019ᴀꜰᴢ). Over the course of the conflicts, Yamatai conquered the states referred to as the Xifang Wangguo (西方王國/Western Kingdoms), which included some of Tianchao's vassals, and the much of Tianchao's western territories. The Third Yamato-Tianzu War (4100 – 4112ᴀꜰᴢ) ended with Morokoshi's furthest northern and eastward expansion into the westernmost parts of the western continent, and resulted in the construction of the Great Wall of Guangdai by Hauxia, preventing any further expansion. Yamatai instead turned its attentions to the southern lands, and several wars with Nhiệt Đới over several generations led to the conquest of the entire southern portion of the western continent.

Some time after, Morokoshi then experienced an insurrection in the southeast by Yamato settlers, led by the Ikazuchi clan, rivals of the Toyotomi clan, which led to the Raimin War for Independence (4235 – 4245ᴀꜰᴢ), and the establishment of the separate Empire of Raimei. Morokoshi remain at odds with Tianchao and Raimei, yet has managed to secure a relatively peaceful existence in Marlakcor.

Like the main empire in Fuso, Morokoshi are divided into several ryoiki ruled by an appointed sotoku pledging fealty to the Tenno of Yamatai, and smaller gun ruled by chiji. Some clans and daimyo are from Fuso, whether by immigration or land grants. Other daimyo, particularly the western ones, are more local compared to the clans of Fuso, as the majority are descendants of families that cooperated, and even helped, the invading Yamato Imperial Armies during the Yamato Invasions of Marlakcor; many even married into Genjin families, adopted Genjin names, customs and traditions, and even their religion, to varying extents.

Neutral Territories

Hei'an Zhidi

Heian zhidi

Hei'an Zhidi (黑暗之地/Darklands) is a tropical jungle island, in the Chidao Sea of southern Marlakcor. The place is reportedly a place of terror, allegedly home to monstruous creatures and carnivorous plantlife, and the island is durrounded by a noxious, almost toxic, miasma of unknown origin, preventing any real exploration. What is actually on the island remain a mystery into modern day.

Few have dared to venture there, and fewer have retunred alive. Those who did were either too far gone mentally or were in no condiution to give any meaningful accounts

Zhonglibozi

Zhonglibozi

Zhonglibozi (中壢脖子/Middle Neck) is a strech of neutral land between Dongbalian and the high elven empire of Gaoliang.

The zone was established as a result of border desputes between Dongbalian and Gaoliang, established by the treaty that ended the Third Gaoliang–Dongbalian War, in an attempt to permanently separate the two countries from fighting over the land again. The terms of the treaty stipulate that while the zone is demilitarized and military presence in the zone is forbidden, both countries are responsible for the safety of the people who live there. Military forces are only allowed into the zone for humanitarian purposes, such as relief from the effects of natural disasters, and armed conflict between the two countries within the zone is forbidden, even in times of war. That clause of the treaty has been tested ever since it was established, as relations between Dongbalian and Gaoliang have devolved into war multiple times since.

Within the zone there are three large cities, Baolan (寶藍), Feicui (翡翠) & Hongbao (紅寶), each with their own governments and dozens of villages and small towns under their sphere of influence. Each is technically a city-state in its own right, but they don't claim any form sovereignty.

Notes & Trivia

  • There are two known demonyms for people from Marlakcor:
    • The exonym is "Marlakcese".
    • The endonym is "Tianxiaren" (天下人).
  • Becuase of how the Chinese language – which the language "Tianyu" is based on – works, the titles and any other nouns are both singular and plural.
  • While the name was used sparingly since the Ying dynasty, Ji Zheng used "Tianchao" as the name for his empire for diplomatic purposes, but with the end of the Qiang dynasty the name fell out of use. Other more ethnic names were adopted as a representation of the nation of the collective Jiti peoples until the Zhai dynasty adopted Tianchao as the official name of the country. Until then, Tianchao was simply known by whatever dynasty was currenty in power; though even today it still is.
  • While they are both given posthumously, a posthumous name and a temple name should not be confused with each other. See Wikipedia articles for better explanations.
  • Marlakcor and Tianxia come from two separate sources:
    • Marlakcor, the foreign exonym for the continent, originated from the Jiti phrase "Maran la kecheng o ren" (罵人啦課程哦人), which roughly translates as "Oh course people curse it", which was then shortened to Marlakcor. Historians and linguists believe this happened due to a miscommunication between translators at some point in the past.
    • Tianxia (天下), the local endonym for the continent, which roughly means "all under heaven", came from the historical belief that the farthest shores of the continent and those of the closest islands, were the edge of the world.
      • Another common local name for the continent is Sanzhou (三洲/lit. Three Continents), to describe the three main landmasses that make up the continent as a whole.
  • The years used are those of the Luan calendar. There is a 421-year difference between the Luan calendar and the Solramese calendar. I.e. 0ᴛᴊʜ = 421ʙꜰᴢ.
  • The reason Fuso is greyed out is becuase it isn't, cartographically, part of the continent. It's just the areas that are closest to Marlakcor.
  • Marlakcor is divided into three subcontinents, Huaxia (華夏), Pianpilu (偏僻陸) and Xinshijie (新世界). Huaxia is the central, and largest, subcontinent divided between Tianchao, Dongbalian and Gaoliang. Pianpilu is the northern subcontinent, fully controlled by Tianchao; and Xinshijie is the western continent, divided between Tianchao, Yamatai, and Raimei.
    • Huaxia is further divided into three regions: Zanghuan (臧環), the land occupied by Tianchao; Dongnan (東南), the land occupied by Dongbalian; and Xiaoyu (魈域), the land occupied mostly by Gaoliang and partially by Tianchao and the Senxiao kingdoms.
      • The northwestern part of Dongnan, the part past the narrowest area of Dongbalian's territory, is sometimes referred to as Jing bu Xibei (經部西北).
    • Pianpilu is further divided into western and eastern regions known as Bianjing (邊境) and Gergazar (Tianyu: 加爾加扎爾 (Jia'ar jiazhaer), Ardyarikh:ᠭᠡᠷᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ) respectively. They are divided at what is known as the Guixiong Corridor (鬼雄), the narrowest region of the subcontinent.
    • Xinshijie is further divided into northern and southern regions known as Guangdai (廣帶) and Yuchang (雨場). They are divided at the Isthmus of Caihong (彩虹), the narrowest point of the subcontinent.
      • The body of water on the west side of the isthmus is known as Dolgolae (돌고래) Bay, which is a part of the Yazuishou (鴨嘴獸) Sea further westward.
    • Within the space between northern and southern Huaxia is a body of water known as the Zhuhong (朱紅) Sea.
    • The northern sea between Huaxia and Xinshijie is known as the Qingshui Sea (清水), which deviates northward at the Dianqing (靛青) peninsula into the Sea of Jingyu (鯨魚) to the west and the Sea of Xaio (曉) to the east.
      • The Sea of Udeung separates Xinshijie from Pianpilu.
      • The Sea of Xaio, followed by the Xiong (熊) Sea separate Huaxia from Pianpilu. The Sea of Xiao and the Xiong Sea are separated from each other by the Shumiao (樹苗) Strait, the narrowest point between them.
    • The southern sea between Huaxia and Xinshijie is known as the Jingling Sea (精靈海).
      • The Qingshui Sea and the Jingling Sea are divided by what's known as the Yinghao Strait, the narrowest point between them.
    • The island of Nhiệt Đới, occupied by the empire of same name, is often considered part of Xinshijie, but modern cartographers still dispute this.
    • The southernmost waters of Marlakcor above the Grand Line is the Chidao (赤道) Sea.
    • The sea between Marlakcor and Eurodysia is called the Yinyue Sea (音樂滄海/Yinyue Canghai) by the Jiti and the Muisca Sea by the Eurodynes.
There are many different names for the various major places around Marlakcor depanding on the language, culture and/or ethnic group
Jiti Name Genjin Name Unghwa Name Arslan Name

Ngây Rừng Name

Main Subcontinents
Huaxia
華夏
Pianpilu
偏僻陸
Delkhiin
ᠳᠡᠯᠡᠬᠡᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ
Xinshijie
新世界
Higashimoto
東本
Gudaelyuk
구대륙
Subcontinent subregions
Huaxia
Zanghuan
臧環
Zangkhuan
ᠵᠠᠩ ᠢᠬᠤ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ
Dongnan
東南
Xiaoyu
魈域
Pianpilu
Bianjing
邊境
Bukkyu
북큐
Khiliin
ᠬᠢᠯᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ
Gergazar
加爾加扎爾
Jia'ar jiazhaer
Galeuga Jaleu
가르가 자르
Gergazar
ᠭᠡᠷᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ
Xinshijie
Guangdai
廣帶
Hirotai
広帶
Yesttang
옛땅
Orgon Uudam Gazar
ᠥᠷᠭᠡᠨ ᠠᠭᠤᠳᠠᠮ ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ
Bắc Đất
北坦
Yuchang
雨場
Amehara
雨原
Ujang
우장
Đất Mưa
坦𩅹
Caihong (Isthmus of)
彩虹
Niji
Mujigae
무지개
Bodies of Water
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