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Marlakcor, also known locally by many different names depending on language and/or culture, is a continent of Qirsyllviar.
Divided into three main subcontinents, Marlakcor lies between Fuso to the west and Eurodysia to the east, separated from both by sea. The eastern sea is called the Yinyue Sea (音樂滄海/Yinyue Canghai) by the Wan and the Muisca Sea by the Eurodynes.
South of Marlakcor is the Chidao Sea, which is cut off at the Grand Line, the equator of Qirsyllviar. Further south beyond the Grand Line is the Maritymiri Ocean.
At the heart of Marlakcese history is the Empire of Tianchao, whose wars of conquest, along with periods of chaos and civil war, have shaped the lion's share of Marlakese history, as well as spread Wanzu culture and language to all corners of the continent.
- 1 Sovereign States
- 1.1 Sergeekh Bogino Khanate
- 1.2 Kingdom of Baoshi
- 1.3 Dongnan Baquan Banglian
- 1.4 Conglin Liedao Wangguo
- 1.5 Empire of Gaoliang
- 1.6 Khaganate of Gergazar
- 1.7 Empire of Goryeo
- 1.8 Democratic Republic of Miaogui
- 1.9 Empire of Đế Quốc Mưa
- 1.10 Empire of Raimei
- 1.11 State of Renyu Dao
- 1.12 Kingdoms of Senxiao
- 1.13 Holy City of Shangri-la
- 1.14 Kingdom of Shayuwei Dao
- 1.15 Sisheng Chengshi
- 1.16 Empire of Tianchao
- 1.17 Empire of Tibet
- 2 Constituent Territories
- 3 Neutral Territories
- 4 Notes & Trivia
Sergeekh Bogino Khanate
The Sergeekh Bogino Khanate (ᠰᠡᠷᠭᠦᠭᠡᠬᠦ ᠪᠣᠭᠣᠨᠢ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨᠲᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ/Restored Bogino Khanate), also called the Boginotan Khanate (ᠪᠣᠭᠣᠨᠢᠳᠤᠨ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨᠲᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ) or simply "Bogino (ᠪᠣᠭᠣᠨᠢ)", is the eponymous nation of Bogino people, a distant subgroup of the Arslan and Tukhii. It is a peninsular nation, occupying the tundra peninsula of the same name in western Pianpilu, the northern subcontinent, and much of the land beyond it. It borders the Empire of Tianchao and the north side of the Holy City of Shangri-la to the east.
Bogino was once one of the nations dominating the high mountains and tundras of the northwestern continent before the Tukhii, cousins of the Arslans like themselves, came into conflict with them. At its zenith, Bogino once controlled the western half of the northern continent, up to the northern peninsula surrounding Daimao Bay and bordering Dongshui Guibei, while the tribes of the former Tukhii inhabited the center. By that point the Zhai dynasty of Tianchao had just established. When the now-defunct Tukhii Khanate came into being not long after, these two powers fought for land and power on-and-off for centuries before Tianchao invaded.
As a result of the wars with Tukhii Khanate and then Tianchao, Bogino was reduced to the peninsula from whence it originated, while the Tukhii, and then Tianchao, secured its hold on the former lands of Bogino. Bogino was at one point the vassal of Tianchao, forcing them to surrender base independence in the face of the ferocity of the Tianzu Imperial Army & Navy and threats of further invasion. Bogino lost it's sovereignty and ceased to be an political entity when the Gergazartan Khaganate rose to dominance and conquered the whole of Pianpilu. However, the independence of the Shuang dynasty during the Fragmentation of the Gergazartan Khaganate allowed former loyalists of Bogino to reform break off from the yoke of Tianchao and reclaim at least some of their lost territory and prestige through warring with the Shuang Empire, which was eventually conquered by the Lei dynasty of Tianchao. It was for this reason that the resurgent Khanate added the word "Sergeekh (ᠰᠡᠷᠭᠦᠭᠡᠬᠦ/Restored)" to the country's name to mark their resurgence to grandure, while they still were unable to recover all of their former territorial holdings.
Being a cold country of mostly tundra and mountain, similarly to the northern mainland, Bogino has only a small amount of fertile land for farming and is mostly dependent on the sea and imports for food, but has a large economy thanks to rich mining on the island and elsewhere.
While still in a tense diplomatic relationship with Tianchao, Bogino also maintains the rights to mine and farm certain areas within Tianchao's borders, in exchange for Tianchao receiving 25% of the profits as tribute annually.
Kingdom of Baoshi
The Kingdom of Baoshi (寶石) is a dwarf-ruled island nation in northeastern Marlakcor.
It borders Tianchao to the south on the island of Qiulu, and share's maritime borders with Gergazar to the east and Tibet to the southeast. It also shares maritime borders with a cluster of neutral islands to the west.
Ruled by the self-styled Xinlei dynasty, Baoshi styles itself a continuation of the former Lei dynasty of Tianchao. When the Lei dynasty collapsed, a cadet branch of the Kuangshi clan fled as far as they could to escape the chaos, ending up in northern Qiulu where they set up a new government as a continuation of the Lei dynasty in defiance of the new Cui dynasty. War ensued and Baoshi was left in the northeastern corner of Qiulu.
After peace was established, the kingdom looked toward the newly discovered mineral-rich islands to the northeast for expansion.
Dongnan Baquan Banglian
Dongnan Baquan Banglian (東南霸權邦聯/Southeastern Hegemonic Confederation), also known as Dongnan Wangguo (東南王國/Southeastern Kingdoms), or simply Dongbalian (東霸聯), is a large state in the Dongnan region of southeast Huaxia, the central subcontinent of Marlakcor.
It borders Tianchao to the northwest and the Miaogui Republic (formerly colonial territory of Solaris) to the northeast, the border marked by Mulan's Wall. To the west it shares borders the high elven Empire of Gaoliang. First in the northwest it indirectly borders it via Zhonglibozi, a neutral zone separating it from Gaoliang; and down southwest, on the other side of the Jingshen Sea (精神海/Spiritual Sea), it controls the Lingzhai (灵宅) region, which directly borders Gaoliang.
Down south, it shares maritime borders with the island Nation of Renyu Dao, which was briefly part of the confederacy before it seceded in favor of retaining independence. To the west, it shares borders with the Conglinguo, which it has gone to war with for territory and other issues many times.
On the northern land border with Tianchao and down and northwestern coast, spaced varyingly (mostly between ten to twenty miles), are a series of fortresses and castles that defend the empire from invasion. The ones along the border with Tianchao were built in the aftermath of the last great war with Tianchao. The ones along the northwestern coast are relatively recent constructions. When Tianchao solidified its grip on the Laoying Peninsula, the fortifications were constructed down the northwestern coast. The final fortress, dubbed Bianjie Castle, situated almost right on the border with Gaoliang, also serves as one of several border crossing points between Dongbalian and Gaoliang. The northernmost of these fortresses is Qingwa Castle, which is also the westernmost fortress along the northern border fortifications.
To the east along the border with the Miaogui Republic stands Mulan's Wall, named for Li Mulan, the legendary female general who spearheaded the defense of Dongbalian during the Solarii Invasion, and also led the recapture of much of the occupied territories before the wall's construction, and served as the wall's architect. These massive fortifications of 25m-high stone walls, fortresses and castles, which runs along the entire length of the border and took nearly ten years each to build, were constructed to prevent any further invasion by Solaris. Mulan's Wall was built some centuries later in the wake of the Solarii Invasion of Dongbalian. Mulan's Wall, to block any further invasion by sea via some other fortifications along the coasts beyond the wall's end points, known respectively as Xiangxi Bao (向西堡) and Nanchao Kanguan (南超看管).
The wall has fulfilled its purpose throughout its existence, even while Solarii influence has since been removed from Marlakcor with the independence of the Miaogui Republic.
The area that eventually became Dongbalian was originally a collection of independent kingdoms, city-states and tribes struggling for land and dominance. But in the face of Tianzu aggression and expansion during the Tianzu Wars of Conquest, many of the northern states banded together to resist the expansion of Tianchao, eventually becoming a confederated state.
However, the wars with Tianchao were met with repeated defeats on the battlefield, and Dongbalian was pushed back until it was ultimately defeated and fully annexed.
Much of modern Dongbalian (mostly the north and central area; Tianchao never reached very far south) remained under Tianzu rule for centuries.
During the Seven Dynasties & Twelve Kingdoms period that followed the collapse of the Jun dynasty of Tianchao, the lands that became modern Dongbalian broke away from Tianchao to form a pair of rival dynasties and were never recovered. Said dynasties are known to history as the Hang Kingdom and Sang Kingdom, two of the states counted among the twelve kingdoms of said period.
During said period, two nobles who were descendants of former Dongbalian rulers found a chance to revolt, now known to history as the Red Dragon Rebellion, and set up their own empires. By the time the period ended, the Hang and Sang empires were firmly entrenched and conquered up to the edge of Jing bu Xibei (what is now northwestern Dongbalian).
The first true peace treaty ended with Tianchao still in control of Jing bu Xibei.
While originally two empires fighting for the same thing, when the conflicts with Tianchao ended they quickly turned on each other and warred for dominance in the region, even while members of their centralized governments were fighting for control of them. Their governments grew unstable from constant infighting and soon collapsed into many dozens of independent kingdoms, dukedoms, counties and city-states struggling for land and dominance. Eventually some concurrence was reached and a directorial confederation, in which all lords have equal say, was set up. However, the directorial confederation eventually turned hegemonic, with Lan Kingdom taking the lead role as hegemon of Dongbalian under the title of Zuigao Bazhu (Supreme Overlord).
A few centuries after the peace treaty that left Tianchao in control of Jing bu Xibei, Tianchao descended into chaos during the civil war taking place during the transition between the Ang and Ting dynasties (known in Tianchao as the Ang–Ting War (盎–亭戰/Ang–Ting Zhan)), Dongbalian seized the chance to reconquer the region from Tianchao, and did so with minimal resistance, achieving its modern northern and western borders. Aside from that, Dongbalian has mostly avoided taking advantage or getting involved in Tianchao's near-constant internal strife.
Even while going to war with Tianchao on and off for years, they turned their attentions toward expanding west and south, uniting many other states and tribes under their banner through treaty and conquest. Dongbalian even managed to steal some territory from Gaoliang, the Lingzhai (灵宅) region. That region joined Dongbalian after seceding following a war for secession, which was secretly organized by Dongbalian.
Dongbalian remains at odds with Tianchao to this day, and the two powers go to war almost every other decade for one reason or another. Its relations with Gaoliang and Đế Quốc Mưa are cold too, but diplomacy has avoided too many wars.
Dongbalian eventually lost some of its northeastern territories to Solaris. While Dongbalian anticipated an invasion when Solaris all but defeated Tianchao, it was still unable to resist the ferocity of the Imperial Solarii Army in the initial invasion, despite years of preparation. This changed when a female warrior, known to history as Li Mulan (李木蘭); styled Guowei (國衛), came to prominence. Li Mulan, an ethnic Gao peasant woman born in Tianchao, and an alleged descendant of Xiangrikui Gongchen, had been taken as a war slave by a Solarii officer during the invasion. During her time as a slave – after learning their language – she learned all about Solarii war tactics both from watching the battles from afar and from listening to the Solarii commanders talk. After managing to escape, she disguised herself as a man and enlisted in the Dongnan army. Her determination and mettle, along with her knowledge of Solarii war strategies, allowed her to quickly rise through the ranks until she became a general.
Once a general, Mulan took charge of an army and her widely successful anti-Solarii tactics allowed her to turn the tide of the war, culminating when she fully defended against the Solarii army in a decisive battle that changed history forever, now known to history as the Battle of Qiuling Pingyuan. Mulan's true gender was accidentally exposed not long after, but her loyal troops defended her from any punishment. The High King of the time – known to history as Chang Guizhou (常規週) – was so impressed with her and her record that he let her retain her position and rank. Mulan then led another successful campaign that saw the reclamation of much territory before a peace treaty ending the war was signed.
Governance & Politics
The head of state is the Zuigao Bazhu, the main ruler of the nation. The incumbent High King holds the rulership of his kingdom concurrently. The title is held for life and at first Lan Kingdom held the position of hegemon. There were attempts early on to make it hereditary, but when the first holder died there was no clear heir. And so, the next High King is elected from the rulers of one of the kingdoms or the heir to the kingdom of the previous holder when the incumbent one dies.
The head of the government of Dongbalian is the Zhengfu Buzhang (Minister of Government), but the office is mostly ceremonial in practice and holds little actual power.
The legislature of the confederacy is the Canyuan (Senate), which is divided into the Shangyuan (Upper House) and the Xiayuan (Lower House), the upper and lower house respectively. Members of both houses of the Senate are referred to as Canyiyuan (議員/Senators), and are directly appointed by leaders of the political divisions, and higher level states are permitted more senators in the Senate. Representation in the Lower House is determined by population, which is determined by a nationwide census taken every twenty years.
Dongbalian is divided into many territories termed one of several things depending on the rank held upon accession to the confederation.
|Territory||Ruler title||Succession method||Senators to the Shangyuan|
|The highest political division of Dongbalian.
Only the Kings can be elected to the position of High King,
County (1st level)
County (2nd level)
|A single city and surrounding territory. Their leaders can be either elected or hereditary.|
|A military region along Mulan's Wall or the fortress regions along the borders and northwestern seaboard.
The leader title is a military rank.
|Name||Administrative Level||Ruling Family||Flag/Symbol|
|Lan was the original hegemon of Dongbalian before the modern succession methods were made law.|
|Chengbang||None, ruler elected|
|Tuanjie is a city-state founded as the capital of Dongbalian, and has a special status compared to the rest of the nation's city-states.|
|Junqu||None, military appointment|
|The northernmost fortification along Mulan's Wall.|
|Junqu||None, military appointment|
|The southernmost fortification along Mulan's Wall.|
Conglin Liedao Wangguo
Conglin Liedao Wangguo (叢林列島王國/Kingdom of the Jungle Islands), commonly known by its abbreviation Conglinguo (叢林國), is a nation in southeastern Marlakcor, occupying the tropical jungle islands of the southeast. It solely borders Dongbalian to the west, by land on three islands and the rest by sea.
Conglinguo has been resisting Dongnan expansion into the southeast for centuries. Not once ever did Conglinguo accept joining the hegemony, rebuking every single invitation. More than once these rebukes turned into open confrontation and war. These wars were repeatedly met with defeat and truce, reducing Conglinguo to a handful of islands.
When Dongbalian found itself occupied by the Solarii Invasions, Conglinguo took a chance to reclaim much of its lost territory.
Empire of Gaoliang
The Empire of Gaoliang (高魎) is a large confederated high elven empire occupying the dense Jingling Jungles of Xiaoyu, the lands of southern Huaxia, the central subcontinent of Marlakcor.
It borders Dongbalian to the east, indirectly via Zhonglibozi, a neutral region, and directly via the Lingzhai region; Tianchao to the north via the Jingling Peninsula; the wood elven Senxiao kingdoms to the southwest, and shares maritime borders with Đế Quốc Mưa to the west across the Jingling Sea.
A country occupying mostly jungle, the Jingling Jungles of Gaoliang is home to the largest river basin in the world, much of which originates from the Gaojixue (高積雪) mountain range along the north side of the empire, which acts as a natural border between Tianchao and Gaoliang.
Khaganate of Gergazar
The Khaganate of Gergazar (ᠭᠡᠷᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ), or the Gergazartan Khaganate (ᠭᠡᠷᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷᠲᠤᠨ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨᠠ ᠳᠤ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ), is a large nation in eastern Pianpilu – called Övöggazar (ᠡᠪᠦᠭᠡᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ) by the Arslan – and the homeland of the Arslan people, dominating the mountains, tundras and steppes that make up most of their homelands.
It borders Tianchao to the west and south, and shares maritime borders with the dwarven nation of Baoshi to the southwest.
A relatively recent empire of Marlakcor, Gergazar first coming together as a union of khanates under Selemchin Khagan (ᠰᠡᠯᠡᠮᠡᠴᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ) of the Altanzul (ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠨᠵᠤᠯ) clan. At its height, the Gergazartan Khaganate controlled vast territories across most of the continent, including the whole of Pianpilu (even conquering what remained of the Bogino Khanate of the time), most of Zanghuan (establishing the Lin dynasty of Tianchao), and half of Guangdai. It is from these conquests that the Lin dynasty of Tianchao was founded as a division of the greater khaganate, taking advantage of the ongoing Seven Dynasties & Twelve Kingdoms period to expand. Gergazar seemed unstoppable, and even mounted an attempted invasion of Fuso, but these campaigns, while successful at first, were met with utter failure, a failure that changed the course of history for the khaganate forever.
The downward turning point for the empire came with the sudden death of Khundet Khagan (ᠬᠦᠨᠳᠦᠳ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ) – the ninth Khagan of Gergazar and the third huangdi of the Lin dynasty – during the Siege of Hansei against the defending forces of the Yamato Empire. His sudden demise not only resulted in a succession dispute but the fragmentation of the Khaganate.
Khundet Khagan died far from home without naming an heir, and the kurultai could not reach a consensus on the election of a new Khagan, and so a war of succession erupted between his sons and generals. Within a year the Gergazar holdings in Fuso were recaptured by Yamatai and the Khaganate in Marlakcor broke into five independent states – the Lin dynasty among them – while the Altanzul clan was ousted from rulership of Gergazar and replaced by the Tunadas (ᠲᠤᠨᠤᠳᠠᠰᠤ) clan under Tuimer Khagan (ᠲᠦᠢᠮᠡᠷ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ), while the Lin dynasty branch Altanzul clan continued to rule the Lin dynasty for the rest of its existence. The other states to emerge from the fragmentation of the khaganate were Bogino and the Shengwai-ruled Shuang (雙) dynasty in western and central Pianpilu; the Sinjok-ruled Gwan (관/棺) dynasty in Guangdai; and the Xiyi-ruled Pan (磐) dynasty on the Island of Qiulu. Gwan and Pan were soon reconquered by the Lin dynasty, but the Shuang dynasty resisted until it capitulated to the dwarf-ruled Lei dynasty of Tianchao four centuries later. Gergazar itself just barely managed to avoid complete disintegration during the civil war but was greatly weakened.
The loss of most of its empire greatly weakened the khaganate and reduced its territorial holdings back to the homelands. It eventually recovered enough of its strength and integrity to prevent other powers from conquering it despite repeated invasions and some further loss of territory. But, despite many efforts, it never reached such a vast territorial extant again.
Politics & Governance
Gergazar is a collection of autonomous khanates, each ruled by a Khan (ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ) subordinate to the Khagan. The title khan is also an honorific granted to prestigious or outstanding, yet non-ruling, members of the Khagan's family, the practice of which dates back to before the Khaganate.
The Khagan is formally elected to its throne by a body called Kurultai (ᠻᠦᠷᠦᠯᠳᠠᠶ) , a council of khans from every major clan whose job it is to chose the successor of the khaganate. The next khagan is generally chosen from among the previous khagan's children, but their relatives like brothers, nephews, cousins or uncles may be chosen as well – making the position hereditary in all but practice – but even a khan from a different clan may be elected, removing the previous ruling clan from the throne altogether.
|The Altanzul clan was the first ruling clan of the Khaganate.
The clan that currently rules the Erdeniin Khanate is a branch descended from Zusegch Khan (ᠵᠦᠰᠦᠭᠴᠢ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ), whom was an older brother of Baatar Khagan, the fourth Huangdi of the Lin dynasty and the first to be independent of Gergazar. Both of them were sons of Khundet Khagan, the last Khagan of the Gergazar from the Altanzul clan.
ᠭᠡᠷᠡᠯ ᠳᠦ ᠬᠢ
|The Tunadas clan is the current ruling family of the Khaganate, ruling directly from the capital of the khaganate.
The Tunadas clan came to power under Tuimer Khagan after ousting the Altanzul clan during the succession dispute that followed in the wake of the untimely death Khundet Khagan.
|Other Prominent/Non-ruling Clans|
|Longtime vassals of the Nurgeen clan.|
Empire of Goryeo
The Empire of Goryeo (고려) is a nation in the northwest corner of Yesttang (Guangdai), the northern lands of Gudaelyuk (Xinshijie), the western subcontinent of Marlakcor. It is currently ruled by the Song dynasty. Goryeo occupies the island of the same name and some mainland territories. It shares maritime borders with the Morokoshi provinces of Yamatai to the south, and borders Tianchao on land via it's mainland territories to the east. North of the home island controls the island of Jinjuui (진주의). The Yosae (요새) peninsula to the east is its gateway to its mainland territories and its land border with Tianchao. Farther north it occupies to islands, Masul Seojjog (마술 서쪽) & Masul Dongjjog (마술 동쪽).
Once controlling great swathes of the northern half of the western continent, down to at least the central regions of Yesttang, the homeland of the Sinjok people, Goryeo is the last independent and sovereign Sinjok nation on Marlakcor. It was once one of the dominant nations on western lands of Marlakcor, and seemed primed for ultimate domination before Tianchao invaded. As a result of the Tianzu Wars of Conquest, Goryeo was reduced to the island from whence it originated. The Yosae peninsula, which is governed from the fortress city of Jeohang (저항), was for a time Goryeo's only remaining mainland holdout against Tianchao. Goryeo managed to stave off the threat of invasion and retain full sovereignty, while its neighbors weren't so fortunate.
When Yamatai invaded western Guangdai – conquering the last independent Sinjok nations in the region – and came into conflict with Tianchao, Goryeo took a chance to invade and reconquer some of its lost lands from Tianchao under the guise of a friendship and military alliance with Yamatai. However, when Yamatai entered into a ceasefire with Tianchao at the end of their first war, Goryeo betrayed Yamatai and invaded some of the latter's occupied lands. However, spies and defectors leaked military plans to the Yamato military governors and Yamatai was able to prevent Goryeo from doing too much damage. The only thing that stopped the fighting was a change of regime in Goryeo, when the then-incumbent war-hawk Myeok (멱) dynasty was supplanted by the pro-peace Jang (장) dynasty in a coup.
However, while peace between the two empires was restored by the Jang dynasty's rise to power, they were foreign in origin and so their rule was almost universally unaccepted, resulting in a civil war for the throne. The Song dynasty was among the contending factions that arose to the most prominence and power in the war, yet a series of sudden defeats cost them much of their influence. It was then that the Song asked signed a new treaty of trade and alliance with Yamatai, asking them to intervene on their side. Yamatai accepted, and with their help the Song won the war to become rulers of Goryeo.
Goryeo has fostered equal trade relations with Yamatai ever since.
Democratic Republic of Miaogui
The Democratic Republic of Miaogui (妙瑰民主共和国/Miaogui Minzhu Gongheguo) is a republican Wanzu-Flagrani state in eastern Marlakcor, occupying the island of Daludao and some islands and lands to the north and south. It borders Tianchao on Shengfen Island to the west – occupying most of it – and on the eastern southern peninsula of Qiulu (虬陆) Island to the north. On the mainland to the southwest, it borders Dongbalian, marked by Mulan's Wall.
Miaogui is the only republican state in Marlakcor.
As a state that had Flagrani customs impressed upon them during the Solarii Occupation, Miaogui has a unique culture that is a blend of Wanzu and Flagrani.
The entirety of what is now Miaogui was once the Solarii colonial state of Serica. The Serica Provinciae was the collective name of the colonies & provinces of the Solarii Empire in Marlakcor, occupying a cluster of islands and a part of the mainland in eastern Marlakcor on the west side of the Yinyue Sea, called the Musica Sea by the Eurodynes.
The island of Daludao was formerly known as the kingdom of the same name, which was a suzerainty of Tianchao following the Tianzu Wars of Conquest, Serica was established as a result of the Solarii Conquest of Daludao. Solaris continued to expand Serica in as many ways as it could, warring against Tianchao and Dongbalian until they were stopped for political and logistical reasons.
Solaris's rule in Marlakcor came to an end when, after being forced to pull much of its army out to deal with affairs in the homeland, a long-suppressed independence movement took the chance to break free from foreign rule. The Miaogui War for Independence (妙瑰独立战争/Miaogui Duli Zhanzheng) seemed primed to succeed at the start, but the sudden return of the Imperial Solarii Army & Navy saw the Miaogui Independence Army suffer a series of defeats. Just as it seemed that freedom would be lost, Tianchao intervened on behalf of Miaogui, albeit not for altruistic reasons, and soon Solaris was forced out of Marlakcor for good.
While Tianchao never liked the idea of an eastern neighbor that was formerly foreign controlled, Miaogui has since fostered a prosperous trade and diplomatic relationship with both Tianchao and Dongbalian.
Politics & Government
The governing body of the republic is the 177-member council called the Guowu Weiyuanhui (国务委员会/Council of State). Members are called Daibiao (代表).
The Guowu Weiyuanhui, which is constitutionally unicameral but technically tricameral – though all members are seated in the same room – is divided into three Cengci (层次/Rank);
- Zuiyao Cengci (最要层次/Alpha Echelon), 7 members, elected to their positions from among the daibiao of the Cuiji Cengci or regional Zongdu (总督/governors) every five years. Members are allowed two consecutive terms.
- Cuiji Cengci (倅级层次/Second Echelon), 69 members, elected to their positions from among the daibiao of the Yueguo Cengci or regional Zongdu every three years. Members are allowed three consecutive terms.
- Yueguo Cengci (越过层次/Entry Echelon), 101 members, elected from the various lower-ranked public figures of the state such as Shizhang (市长/mayors), Lushi (律师/lawyers), etc, two years. Members are allowed four consecutive terms.
The Guowu Weiyuanhui as a whole is chaired by the Zongcai (总裁/President) as a first among equals with little power above his/her fellow members. The secondary position is the Fu Zongcai (副总裁/Vice-President). The positions rotate among the Zuiyao Cengci seven times a year.
Similarly to the Zongcai of the Zuiyao Cengci, the Yueguo and Cuiji Cengci each have a Yizhang (议长/speaker) to represent the groups as a whole in meetings, but any daibiao of any Cengci may speak if granted clearance to hold the floor. The positions rotate among the incumbent members Cuiji Cengci every week, and every day in the Yuegao Cengci.
Laws and motions can be proposed by any daibiao of any Cengci of the government, but passage into law always start at the bottom in the Yueguo Cengci, and each Cengci has an odd number to prevent a deadlocking tie. A simple majority vote is required in the Yueguo Cengci for law/motion to be passed to the Cuiji Cengci. A supermajority vote (two-thirds, 46:23) is required to pass in the Cuiji Cengci before it is passed to the Zuiyao Cengci. Once a law/motion is in the hands of the Zuiyao Cengci, a the type of vote required depends on the type of motion they're voting on; i.e. a simple 4:3 majority vote is required for most motions/laws to pass, but military-based bills, an emergency motion, declaring martial law or a state of emergency requires a 5:2 majority, while a unanimous vote is required for things like a declaration of war. Passing a motion is followed by the signatures of all current members, with the Zongcai signing first, and the motion/law to carries the full weight of law.
Voting by any of the cengci are typically done by a voice vote, raiing one's hand and saying either with Shi (是/aye) or Fou (否/nay), but sometimes the vote is done by ballot.
Empire of Đế Quốc Mưa
The Empire of Đế Quốc Mưa (帝國𩅹), diplomatically known as "Redai" by Wan nations, is an ethnic Mưa Nhân nation in southwestern Marlakcor, occupying the tropical jungle island of the same name and much of the east coast of Yuchang (called Đất Mưa (坦𩅹) by the Mưa Nhân and called Amehara (雨原) by the Genjin), the southern lands of Xinshijie, including both of the major peninsulas of the east coast. By land it borders Raimei to the west, Xiahuo Niaonan of the Sisheng Chengshi to the northeast and Tianchao the extreme north via the Isthmus of Caihong, and shares maritime borders with high elven Gaoliang Empire and the wood elven Senxiao kingdoms to the east across the Jingling Sea, and the neutral island of Hei'an Zhidi to the southeast via its island territories in the Chidao Sea.
Unencumbered from encroachment from major nations or other ethnicities throughout most of history until relatively recent times, nor effected by the chaotic tumultuous history of Tianchao, the Mưa Nhân kingdoms of Đất Mưa mostly warred and traded with each other for many centuries. Most of the now defunct Mưa Nhân tribes and kingdoms had proper relations with Tianchao and the since at least the Zan dynasty, including various division-period breakaway states, and have had relations with the Sinjok kingdoms of the north for even longer.
Đế Quốc Mưa, originating from its home island after overthrowing and replacing the Gừng (羌) dynasty, invaded the mainland and managed to expand and conquer nearly all of the other Mưa Nhân states of Đất Mưa, reaching its zenith roughly around the time of the the inception of the Arslan-ruled Lin dynasty of Tianchao, then a division of the Gergazartan Khaganate.
Relations between the two empires became tense as the Arslan expanded their territory and power into Guangdai, the northern lands of Xinshijie. The Arslan had their eye in the southern region since they conquered the north, but careful diplomacy and concessions kept the Gergazartan Khaganate from attempting to conquer the region. Following the fragmentation of the khaganate, Đế Quốc Mưa maintained cordial relations with the newly independent Lin dynasty and the Sinjok-ruled Gwan dynasty, but late in the latter's tenure relations with Gwan turned nasty due to a scandal between the Đế Quốc Mưa and Gwan royal families that soured ralations to the point of war. After Lin reconquered Gwan, ending the Nhiệt–Gwan conflict, careful diplomacy again kept Tianchao from taking advantage of the chaos of the recent conflict and encroaching on Đất Mưa, while Đế Quốc Mưa rebuilt itself in the aftermath of the conflict.
At its zenith, Đế Quốc Mưa controlled almost the entirety of Đất Mưa, and the only remaining Mưa Nhân states that Đế Quốc Mưa didn't conquer were on the west coast. Those kingdoms submitted to vassaldom in an effort to be spared conquest, yet they were conquered by the Yamato Empire a few centuries later.
When Yamatai invaded, Đế Quốc Mưa's western vassals were quickly conquered and Đế Quốc Mưa itself was unable to match up the unfamiliar tactics of Yamato Imperial Army. Within a few years the once dominant empire in the region and was reduced to its home island and some scattered territories along the east coast, and was reduced to a vassal state of the Yamato empire in the face of possible total conquest. When Raimei revolted and declared independence from Yamatai, Đế Quốc Mưa took a chance to reclaim some of its lost lands as part of an alliance deal with Raimei to help them gain independence from Yamatai. Since then it has enjoyed a restoration of full sovereignty and trade relations with Raimei, albeit in a reduced territory from it's former zenith.
Empire of Raimei
The Empire of Raimei (雷鳴), also called Sấm (𩆐), sometimes known as the Thunder Empire to countries outside Marlakcor, is a large monarchical state in southwestern Marlakcor, occupying much of central Yuchang (called Amehara by the Genjin and Đất Mưa by the Mưa Nhân), the southern lands of Xinshijie, the western subcontinent of Marlakcor.
Raimei borders the Yamato territories of Morokoshi to the west, Tianchao to the north via the Isthmus of Caihong, and Đế Quốc Mưa to the east.
Raimei was once part of the Morokoshi Ryoiki of Yuchang, and therefore sovereign territory of Yamatai, until a rebellion led by one renegade clan, the Rairyu clan, a family of Genjin-Mưa Nhân origin – also called the Sấmrồng clan in Tiếng Mưa – established the new independent empire, which took ten years of war, now known as the Raimin War for Independence (2514 – 2524INO/4232 – 4242PCZ), to achieve.
Said war began while Yamatai was preoccupied fighting the Onmyo War (2513 – 2516INO/4230 – 4233PCZ) to overthrow the Goku Bakufu and restore imperial power. With the capitulation of the Goku, the imperial court wasted no time in initiating campaigns to relcaim the region, as a show of strength was necessary to restore confidence in Yamato rule. While Yamatai managed to put up a good fight for years, more than a decade of constant war left the Yamato weary and the Raimin gained the upper hand. Finally, large losses forced Yamatai to sign a peace treaty recognozing Raimin independence.
Raimei remains at odds with Yamatai, and have fought several more wars with the empire since its founding, but careful diplomacy has prevented the empires from outright destroying each other. The Rairyu clan still rules Raimei to this day.
As an empire made up of lands that were formerly part of Đế Quốc Mưa and formerly under Genjin rule, Raimei has its own unique culture that is a blend of both Genjin and Mưa Nhân culture, and has names for everything in both languages.
State of Renyu Dao
The State of Renyu Dao (人魚島) is an island nation occupying the island of the same name in the Chidao Sea of southern Marlakcor, sharing maritime borders with solely Dongbalian.
Renyu Dao is a nation where merpeople live alongside humans in harmony. Renyu Dao was originally founded when a clan of humans got washed up on the shores, and have lived alongside the merfolk together in harmony from then on.
When Dongbalian expanded to their waters, they at first signed a treaty to come under Dongnan sovereignty, but pulled out of the confederacy less than a year later. The separation wasn't welcomed at first, leading to a brief military confrontation, but Dongbalian's government caved in and drew back within weeks.
Kingdoms of Senxiao
The Senxiao kingdoms is the collective term for the dozens of independent wood elven tribal chiefdoms led by different clans in southwestern Huaxia.
Holy City of Shangri-la
Kingdom of Shayuwei Dao
The Kingdom of Shayuwei Dao (鲨鱼尾岛/Shayuwei Dao Wangguo) is an island nation on the island of the same name in the Yinyue Sea off of Huaxia in western Marlakcor.
As Dongbalian expanded, Shayuwei Dao rejected all offers to join the expanding confederacy and even managed to repel an invasion when negotiations with one regime turned hostile. After the only war it ever fought with Dongbalian, Shayuwei Dao experienced a golden age of prosperity due to the soon established trade and military alliance that followed a change of management to both nations. However, this ended with the invasions of Solaris.
When Solaris exerted its control of western Marlakcor, Shayuwei Dao was no exception to the ever opportunistic Solarii Empire. After losing almost half the island to the invaders, Shayuwei Dao signed a submissive peace treaty with Solaris, retaining nominal sovereignty while still a vassal of the empire.
When wars back in Eurodysia forced Solaris to recall some of its forces, Shayuwei Dao took the chance to reassert its independence and reconquer its lost territory.
However, even after reasserting its sovereignty, Shayuwei Dao was unable to restore its relations with Dongbalian, as Solaris prevented all trade and communications from reaching the mainland, forcing Shayuwei Dao into an unequal trade alliance. This restrictive alliance ended following the end of Solarii influence in Marlakcor with the independence of the Miaogui Republic, allowing Sayuwei Dao to restore its lost relations with Dongbalian and forge a new one with Miaogui.
Part of the source of it's name is the ever present shark schools around the island. Alongside the sharks are also pods of shark merfolk, the largest anywhere on Qirsyllviar.
Sisheng Chengshi (四聖城市/四圣城市/Four Holy Cities), is the collective name for a quartet of religious city-states spread around Marlakcor. Although in four separate locations around the continent, and are mostly autonomous from one another, the four cities are considered a single state. Deeply religious states, the holy cities are controlled by a religious order that governs the Shenshou facet of Linglun faith, and each houses a main temple dedicated to one of the four to represent their cardinal direction.
Although mostly autonomous from one another, the Sige Gashou (Four Masters), the individual leaders of each city, meet every year around New Year's for prayer and to discuss agendas for the coming year; taking turns to host the meeting in each of the four cities over the course of four years.
The cities are rumored to be as old as Wanzu civilization, but this is not true; the Shoushengzhi (獸聖秩), the religious order that governs the cities, is as old as Wanzu civilization, dating back to the early-Mei dynasty at least; but the cities themselves weren't founded until long after Four Kingdoms period.
The history of the four cites began during the Wars at the end of the Zhai dynasty, when members of the order scattered every direction beyond the then borders of the empire to escape the constant state of civil war that was engulfing the country with the collapse of the Zhai dynasty's authority, taking large contingents of followers with them. Only a handful of members of the order remained behind.
The Sisheng Chengshi were founded at different times after the descendants of those groups – which now included followers of other ethnic groups – spent decades nomadically wandering the lands to find good places to settle down. Historians continue to debate the order in which the cities were founded as reliable written records from that time are scarce, but it is generally agreed that the Sisheng Chengshi were founded at various points during the late-Xuan to early-Hun dynasties.
It wasn't until sometime during the Kai dynasty that the Sisheng Chengshi finally established communication with each other, courtesy of Wan mages who were visiting the cities at roughly the same time. With real-time communication now availble to them, it was then that the Sige Gaoshou established the formal doctrines for the governenace of the Sisheng Chengshi as a whole, effectively merging the cities as one state made up of four separate exclaves around the continent.
As Tianchao continued to expand in every direction, the Sisheng Chengshi were spared any threat of conquest or vassalization, as not even the huangdi of the time dared to threaten the sanctity of such holy places.
The eastern and western cities were also spared conquest of vassalization by Solaris and Yamatai respectively when the two empires formed Serica Provinciae (now the Republic of Miaogui) and Morokoshi respectively. Despite the former's usual policy to impose their culture and religion on conquered or visited lands, Solaris respected the eastern city's neutrality and honored the sanctity of a holy place, and Yamatai gave the same courtesy to the western city.
|Collective Names of the State|
|Dörvön Ariun Khotuud
ᠳᠥᠷᠪᠡᠨ ᠠᠷᠢᠭᠤᠨᠬᠣᠲᠠ ᠨᠤᠭᠤᠳ
|Ne Seongseuleo Dosi
네 성스러 도시
|Yottsu Seina Toshi
|Bốn Thành thị Thánh|
|The Four Cities|
|Khoid Melkhii Chamarkhai
|Gyeoul Mul Geobuk Bukjjok
겨울 물 거북 북쪽
|Toki to Mizugame no Hokubu
|Mùa đông Nước Rùa Bắc|
|Dongshui Guibei is the northern city of the order and serves as the base for the Temple of the Black Turtle.
Dongshui Guibei is situated on the southwest shore of Daimao Bay (玳瑁灣/Daimao Wan) in central Pianpilu, the northern subcontinent of Marlakcor. It shares borders solely with Tianchao to the southwest.
Of the four cities, Dongsui Guibei is the largest, both by land area and population.
|Dornyn Luu Chamarkhai
ᠳᠣᠷᠣᠨᠠ ᠶᠢᠨᠯᠤᠤ ᠴᠢᠮᠠᠷᠬᠠᠢ
|Bom Mokjae Yong Dongjjok
봄 목재 용 동쪽
|Shunki to Kiryu no Tomen
|Mùa xuân Gỗ Rồng Đông|
|Chunmu Longdong is the eastern city of the order and serves as the base for the Temple of the Azure Dragon.
Chunmu Longdong is situated mainly on the Shengzhe peninsula (聖者半島/圣者半岛) of Qiulu Island on the west side the Bay of Xiaolong. It shares land borders with Tianchao to the northwest and maritime borders with Miaogui to the southeast.
|Ömnöd Bürged Chamarkhai
|Yeoleum Bul Sae Namjjok
여름 불 새 남쪽
|Kaki to Hidori no Nanpo
|Mùa hè Lửa Chim Nam|
|Xiahuo Niaonan is the southern city of the order and serves as the base for the Temple of the Vermilion Bird.
Xiahuo Niaonan is situated on the western shore of the Jingling Sea. It shares borders solely with Đế Quốc Mưa to the west.
|Örnödiin Bar Chamarkhai
ᠥᠷᠥᠨᠡᠲᠦ ᠶᠢᠨᠪᠠᠷᠰ ᠴᠢᠮᠠᠷᠬᠠᠢ
|Ga-eul Geum Beom Seojjok
가을 금 범 서쪽
|Shuki to Kanetora no Seiyo
|Mùa thu Kim loại Hổ Tây|
|Qiujin Huxi is the western city of the order and serves as the base for the Temple of the White Tiger.
Qiujin Huxi is situated on the Washi Peninsula of Guangdai, the northern lands of Xinshijie, the western subcontinent. It shares land borders solely with the Morokoshi Provinces of Yamatai to the west, and shares maritime borders soely with Goryeo to the north.
Empire of Tianchao
The Empire of Tianchao (天朝) is the dominant and largest state of Marlakcor.
Tianchao has been known by many names since before and throughout its existence. It is often known locally by whichever dynasty is currently ruling it, while it is known as the name for the country prevalent for foreigners from Geminos (Eurodysia and Aquilonis) is Cathay, at least for diplomatic purposes. Other names for the empire include Wanbang (完邦) and Wanyu (完宇), both used in reference for the dominant ethnic group, Wan. The name "Tianchao" dates back the the Ying dynasty, meant to illustrate the achievement of the Mandate of Heaven (天命/Tianming) and rulership of Tianxia (the whole world, or all under heaven, in ancient Wan perception), but the name did not enter common use for over two thousand years. It was used somewhat sparingly during the Mei, Qiang, Yue and Jing dynasties, but it wasn't until the mid-Zhai dynasty that the name was adopted by law as the official legal name of the empire.
It occupies much of the continent, controlling northern and western Huaxia (the central subcontinent), most of Guangdai (the northern lands of Xinshijie, the western subcontinent), and two thirds of Pianpilu (the northern continent). In the Zanghuan Provinces, the capital regions, it borders Dongbalian to the south, and shares borders with the Wanzu-Flagrani Miaogui Republic on Shengfen Island and on the eastern peninsula of Qiulu (虯陸) Island. It also shares borders with Baoshi in the northeastern corner of the latter island. East of Qiulu, Tianchao chares borders with Tibet.
Via the Jingling Peninsula, it borders Gaoliang to the south, and on the western continent, the Xifang Regions, it borders Raimei to the south and Yamato-Morokoshi to the west.
On Pianpilu, it borders Bogino to the west and Gergazar, whom still resists Tianzu expansion with all its might, to the east. These lands were hotly contested between Tianchao and other powers for many centuries. First it was contested by the Boginotan Khanate and the Tukhii Khanate, but they still refer to themselves by their mother term in their mother language and in conversation with their cousins, the Arslan) before Tiancho finally conquered most of it during the Kai dynasty. It was again contested territory during the Twenty Kingdoms and Western, Central & Northern Dynasties periods before reconsolidation under the Zan dynasty restored order. Some time after Tianchao broke up again during the Seven Dynasties & Twelve Kingdoms period, the recently-united Gergazartan Khaganate took advantage of the chaos to conquer Pianpilu and most of Tianchao. Following the Fragmentation of the Gergazartan Khaganate, the central lands were controlled by the Shuang dynasty for several centuries until they were reconquered by the Lei dynasty. Tianchao still rules the lands to this day.
In the northwest it shares maritime and land borders with the empire of Goryeo, from whom it conquered most of the western continent.
Tianchao also shares borders with two of the four island city-states: In the north, on the southwest shore of Daimao Bay, Tianchao shares maritime borders with the Holy City of Dongshui Guibei. To the east, on the Shengzhe peninsula (聖者半島) of Qiulu Island on the west side the Bay of Xiaolong, via what territories Tianchao still controls after the wars with Solaris, Tianchao shares borders with the Holy City of Chunmu Longdong.
In northern Pianpilu, Tianchao also borders the city of Shangri-la, making it an enclave, which is nestled in a tropical jungle valley surrounded by an impassible mountain range. The mountains around the valley are frigid and snow-covered almost year-round, but the valley is kept warm by geothermal activity. Becuase Tianchao can't get to it, as the only way into the city is via hidden caves that only the people of Shangri-la know the location of, the empire leaves it alone. At one point Tianchao territorially surrounded it, but various conflicts resulted in the loss of the lands north of the city.
Tianchao was at one point the suzerain of Bogino, forcing them to surrender base sovereignty in the face of the ferocity of the Tianzu Imperial Army & Navy and threats of invasion. But the independence of the former Shuang dynasty allowed them to break off from the yoke of Tianchao and reclaim some of their lost territory. At one point Tianchao held the now-defunct Daludao Kingdom (大陸島王國) as a suzerainty as well, but it was conquered and renamed Serica by Solaris. Said territories have since declared independence as the Republic of Miaogui.
Tianchao spared the Holy Cities from conquest or vassalization, as not even the huangdi of the time dared to threaten or desecrate the sanctity of such holy places. All this is a result of the Tianzu Wars of Conquest (a collective term for the many wars of expansion Tianchao has fought throughout its history.).
On the western border with Yamato-Morokoshi stands the Great Wall of Guangdai. This massive fortification of 25m-high stone walls, fortresses, and castles, which runs along the entire length of the Morokoshi-Tianchao border. This wall far surpasses Dongbalian's Mulan's Wall, which was built for similar reasons against Solaris.
Running through the middle of Zanghuan is the Qingjiang (清江/Green River) river. The Qingjiang is a life-giving river that gets its name from the green hue of the water. The Qingjiang river valley (青江河谷/Qingjiang Hegu), traditionally called Gaoyu (皋峪), is the traditional homeland of the Gao, the dominant ethnic group of the Wan peoples. It is along this river that most early Wan civilization was formed and has served Tianchao culturally, politically, and militarily since time immemorial. The river runs from northeastern Zanghuan and down the center of the land before splitting into two pathways and emptying into the oceans in two different places,
The empire is currently under the rule of the Cui dynasty, run by the Sun clan, which took power in 4903TJH after supplanting the collapsing dwarf-ruled Lei dynasty and reconquering the state of Dongji, a northern Shengwai secessionist kingdom. Cui is the latest of many dynasties that have ruled all or part of Tianchao.
An unnatural creation with thousands of years of reliable history, what became Tianchao was originally a collection of quarreling wangguo (王國/kingdoms) in what is now the Zanghuan Provinces thousands of years ago. There were eleven major states and several minor states under vassal hegemony of a few of the major ones.
Modern scholars agree that the events that led to the founding of the modern empire began following the collapse of what is known to history as the Mei dynasty into the various states at the end of an era historians call the Predynastic Era. The previous recorded dynasties prior to Mei were, in practice, just fragile hegemonic alliances under the lordship of a stronger state. The Mei dynasty, a kingdom of magic ruled by magicians, was the first kingdom to exercise centralized authority over the rest of the kingdoms, and lasted longer than any dynasty in Tianzu history. After its initial founding, Mei held supreme authority over the other kingdoms; however, during the second half of its reign, the Mei dynasty lost control over its subjects as the first experiments and attempts at federalization were poorly executed and cost the wang (king) and his court their authority. This time is an era termed the Summer & Winter period (夏季和冬季). This attempt at federalization involved redrawing the internal borders and establishing states and elevating the statuses of the vassal wangs as rulers of them, granting them more governing authority to levy their own taxes, keep troops, and make their own individual laws. But this had the unintended side-effect of reducing their obligation to their liege and invoking disputes, territorial and personal. The loss of influence cost the central authorities their control over the newly formed constituent kingdoms, erupting a period of civil war.
While the Mei dynasty didn't actually collapse until near the end of the ensuing period of civil war, the instability triggered the beginning of an era of near constant warfare for survival and supremacy, shifting alliances, and brief periods of peace between conflicts; ending the Summer & Winter period and beginning a period of chaos and civil war known to history as the Warring States period. Even before then the rulers of the territories were going to war with one another for one reason or another, but it wasn't until the aftermath of an event known as the Heita Shijian (黑塔事件/Black Tower Incident), that all the states, having stewed in fierce rivalries for decades, declared war on each other in a bid for dominance over the realm, beginning the Warring States period.
About a hundred years later, a warlord known to history as Jian Zheng (劍政): styled Zhugong (主公), a general from what was then Kingdom of Qiang and an alleged descendant of Xiangrikui Gongchen, usurped control of the kingdom in a military coup d'état, overthrowing the inept and complacent wang and the Zhi family, becoming wang himself. Jian Zheng then led his followers to conquer or politically assimilate all of Qiang's rivals, thus founding the first imperial dynasty of newly-formed Empire of Tianchao, under the rule of the Qiang dynasty with himself as the first Huangdi (皇帝/Emperor). His posthumous name was Chuangjian (創見) and his temple name is Kaiguo (開國). He is more commonly known by his posthumous name, but is also known in history as Qiang Shou Di (薔首帝). His conquests ended the Warring States period and the Prydynastic Era in one stroke and began the Classical stage of the Imperial Era.
While the name "Tianchao" was used as the official name for the empire of the time, with the end of the Qiang dynasty, the name fell out of use. The name "Tianchao" was adopted as the official name of the empire during the Zhai dynasty.
The early imperial dynasties up to the mid-Bei dynasty, only ruled areas of the modern-day Zanghuan Provinces. From the mid-Bei dynasty onward began expanding Tianchao beyond its cradle of civilization. In the subsequent collective Tianzu Wars of Conquest, Tianchao expanded in every direction and grew into one of the largest and wealthiest empires on Qirsyllviar. (It is outclassed only by Yamatai in the latter aspect)
The empire has a chaotic history of various pretender dynasties, breakaway states, or usurpations by rebellion or coup d'état, and many other types of crises besides. For example, the Cuan dynasty, the first dynasty of the Predynastic Era (前王朝紀元), prior-founding Tianchao, collapsed and was usurped by the Zao dynasty, which began the cycle for a successive change of dynasties.
The reason for the constant changes of dynasties and wars is all in part due to a dynastic cycle influenced by a religiopolitical concept known as the Mandate of Heaven (天命/Tianming), a philosophical concept of the circumstances under which a ruler is allowed to rule (see the two links to the Wikipedia articles for the full explanation on both concepts). The concept dates back to the Ying dynasty.
Not all of the dynasties came to power by violence: sometimes power was peacefully handed over to a new dynasty when the previous dynasty's final huangdi abdicated in favor of a favored person or named such a person as his sole heir. This was usually done if the reigning huangdi felt that he was going to inevitably pass on without leaving a valid heir (such as a son, nephew, cousin or brother), so that a power vacuum was avoided. This was also done if it was believed that the incumbent dynasty had lost the Mandate of Heaven and had been granted to a new dynasty. Another way was, if he did die without a valid heir or before naming one, one of the highest ranked members of the government (often by election) would establish a new dynasty to fill the power vacuum before any sort of chaos could ensue. But civil wars were still a common occurrence in the latter instance, especially so if the nearest relatives of the last huangdi (such as a brother, nephew, cousin or a son of a concubine) made claims to the throne.
Founders of several dynasties were descendants of great heroes from Tianzu history and/or folklore; i.e, the founders of five different dynasties were allegedly descendants of Xiangrikui Gongchen, the first Abjaksan of Marlakcor.
Alongside the successive change of dynasties, Tianchao has also fractured into separate independent states and rival dynasties as a result of wars of succession, rebellions for independence, or other crises many times in the past.
|101TJQ – 5TJH||106yrs|
|A period of constant fighting between the states of central Zanghuan in the final century of the Mei dynasty, the final dynasty of the Predynastic Era. The period ended with the conquest of all other states by the Kingdom of Qiang and the founding of Tianchao under the Qiang dynasty.
Historians traditionally consider the defeat, capitulation and annexation of Hong Kingdom following the merge of Qiang and Bao Kingdoms through marriage as the official beginning of the Qiang dynasty. A couple years prior to that, Hong had conquered Mei, Wu and Xiao and seemed prime to dominate, only for their fortunes to reverse from the sudden alliance between Bao and Qiang Kingdoms.
Once Hong Kingdom and its conquered lands had been secured by the Qiang–Bao alliance, the marriage alliance between the two kingdoms was soon finalized. Bao Kingdom was annexed by Qiang and, in the aftermath of Hong Kingdom's capitulation, the Qiang dynasty was proclaimed. Over the coming years, Qiang continued to unite the land by diplomacy and conquest – mostly the latter – until the lands of the former Mei dynasty and more were under the Qiang banner. In 5TJH, Qiu Kingdom was the last to fall.
Fan yu Chang Zhengbian
|138 – 141TJH||3yrs|
|The civil war at the end of the short-lived Fan dynasty – which succeeded the Qiang dynasty – between the incumbent regime and the declared Chang dynasty. Ended with the collapse of the Fan dynasty when its sole huangdi abdicated.
While the two regimes were competing for supremacy, some minor warlords were also contending for influence. Most of said warlords chose sides as the war seemed to near its conclusion.
|296 – 302TJH||6yrs|
|A massive civil war that erupted when, as a result of a power struggle involving a three-generation-old split in the imperial line of the Chang dynasty, a member of the cadet branch declared himself huangdi of the self-proclaimed Can dynasty.|
|End of the Zhai dynasty
|c. 1504 – 1539TJH||35yrs|
|A period of constant fighting between regional warlords that happened as the the Zhai dynasty, the dynasty which saw the legal adoption of Tianchao as the name of the empire, came to a close.
The Zhai dynasty was one of Tianchao's golden ages up until at least a generation prior to this period. By this time Tianchao controlled the central southern lands of Pianpilu and was just dipping its toes into Guangdai (said territories were lost during the period but were reconquered during the later Xuan dynasty). The origins of the period take root some years prior the final Zhai huangdi's abdication.
During and in the wake of a nationwide uprising known as the Heijin zhi Luan (黑巾之亂/Black Turban Rebellion), the power of the huangdi diminished into the hands of regional warlords, squabbling court officials and then a tyrannical chengxiang.
The rebellion was allegedly contrived by the Hanluan Jundi (混亂軍隊/Chaos Army), the Tianzu branch of the Chaos Order. The rebellion was defeated after three years of war, but the order never planned on victory; the goal of the rebellion was destablizing the empire to the point of destruction, and the death of Huangdi Zhixu (斎秩序皇帝); personal name Wei Chong (薇衝), in the final battle came as an added bonus for them. The order did have a plan in place in the event of victory, but never intended to use it.
The tyrannical chengxiang is known to history as Huai Gui (壞鬼): styled Yaoguai (妖怪). Huai Gui ascended to power when he, on the advice of another general and statesman, brought his army into the capital to eliminate the court eunuchs who were usurping the power of the imperial court. Said eunuchs had been amassing political power and privilege for themselves since the early days of the reign of Huangdi Zhixu, but were kept in check by their huangdi's charisma. They used his death at the end of the Heijin zhi Luan two years before to fully consolidate the power of the court around themselves and deprive the young, new and inexperienced ruler of actual power. The new Huangdi of Tianchao, Wei Sui (薇歲); posthumous name: Huangdi Zhamen (斎閘門皇帝), was powerless to do anything and spent the two years of his reign practically under house arrest, with only a few generals and officials loyal to him keeping him apprised of the situation.
With his loyal army and retainers backing him, Huai Gui succeeded in taking the capital and eliminating the eunuchs, but he immediately showed his true colors when he proceeded to assassinate Huangdi Zhamen and his loyalists. He then enthroned Zhamen's younger brother, the seven-year-old Wei Anzi (薇安子): styled Chunjie (純潔), posthumous name: Huangdi Ang (斎昂皇帝), though the child huangdi was little more than a puppet. Through Huangdi Ang, Huai Gui was in effective control of the court and the empire, making him huangdi in all but name.
A punitive expedition against Huai Gui was initiated by a coalition of twenty regional warlords, most of whom were either military veterans – some of whom took part in defeating the Heijin zhi Luan – or powerful noblemen, but said coalition fell apart after just a few victories. This was mainly in part because each warlord had their own agendas and ambitions, leading them to scheme against each other. Worse yet, only a few of them had any intention of trying to restore the Zhai dynasty to glory; the rest sought to carve out a piece of the empire for themselves in the chaos they knew was to follow.
With Huai Gui's tyranny rampant, the dynasty faltered into the chaos of civil war between dozens of regional warlords – mostly the ones who participated in the coalition, but also some others – in a bid for power and hegemony over the realm. Even Huai Gui's eventual public assassination three years after the coalition fell apart – at the hands of his adopted son and future warlord Guan Zhi (灌質): styled Qingting (蜻蜓) – which just in time prevented him from usurping the throne, did nothing to quell the unrest. Even more so since Guan Zhi, the greatest warrior of his time and supreme commander of the Zai army under Huai Gui, wasted no time in taking over the government.
Following his assassination of Huai Gui, Guan Zhi took over as regent of Huangdi Ang and ruled like a military dictatorship with the army to enforce his rule, defeating all opponents, including Huai Gui's old loyalists and sycophantic followers, until he held sole authority over the court. Self-titling himself Zuigao Siling (最高司令/Supreme Commander), he ruled for six years until he was outwitted and defeated in battle by another major warlord named Kong Song (孔嵩).
Immediately following the execution of Guan Zhi, Huangdi Ang came under control of Kong Song, who used the huangdi and his new status as the chengxiang and the new head of the Zhai central government as a basis to assume control the rest of Tianchao as the de facto ruler of the empire. Many warlords resisted this and soon Kong Song was waging campaigns against them to restore central authority.
Over the course of at least at least three decades (historians debate the actual duration), most of the warlords fell to one another or vanished into obscurity until Tianchao was split into a quadripartite as power was consolidated into a delicate and fragile balance between four warlords heading their individual states: Gan, Yong Zhai, Lu, & Zan.
During the conflicts before the rise of the four kingdoms, three warlords, at different times, had the audacity to proclaim themselves huangdi of new dynasties. Two were defeated, while the third died before he could make good on his promise ot reunite Tianchao under a new dynasty.
|1539 – 1589TJH||50yrs|
|Commenced with the end of the Zhai dynasty.
Following the death of Kong Song, who by then had assumed the title of King of Gan and controlled a great portion of the empire of the time, the Zhai dynasty finally ended with the forced abdication of Huangdi Ang to Kong Hao (孔好), Kong Song's son and successor.
Later the rulers of the other three kingdoms, one after another, declared themselves huangdi of the territories they had conquered in the preceding years, igniting a new but different struggle for power: the reunification of the country under one dynasty.
The era ended when the four kingdoms were conquered by the newly proclaimed Xuan dynasty, which was proclaimed following the overthrow of Gan by the Shenji clan.
|Crisis of the Twentieth Century
Ershi Shiji de Weiji
|1941 – 1997TJH||56yrs|
|As a result of a power struggle within the Imperial House of Huang of the Hun dynasty – the only unified vampire-ruled dynasty in Tianzu history – known to history as the Six Years & Ten Emperors (六年及十皇帝/Liu Nian ji Shi Huangdi), Tianchao broke into three empires competing for supremacy: Jian, Zhao & the Hun dynasty itself.
Peace was finally restored when the Hun dynasty, restored to stability, reconquered the breakaways just a few before the new millennium (by the Luan calendar).
Also called the Crisis of the Sixteenth Century among Eurodyne historians.
|War of the Twelve Princes
Shi'er Wangzi zhi Zhan
|2575 – 2588TJH||13yrs|
|A series of devastating civil wars that occurred during the Kai dynasty – which succeeded the Hun dynasty and, up till then, was one of Tianchao's golden ages – and lasted for thirteen years. The twelve wangzi in question – four of whom were wangfei, contrary to the name of the conflict – fought each other for control of the empire.
Although called the War of the Twelve Princes, it's somewhat of a misnomer: rather than one continuous conflict, the War of the Twelve Princes saw intervals of peace interposed with short and intense periods of internecine conflict. At no point in the whole conflict were all of the twelve wangzi on one or multiple sides of the fighting.
The wars occurred during the reign of the mentally incompetent Huangdi Tai Bing (泰兵): styled Bangshou (幫手), posthumous name: Huangdi Ju (愷句皇帝). Huangdi Ju was developmentally disabled and could not effectively rule. Throughout his reign, there was constant internecine fighting between regents, imperial wangzi (his siblings, uncles, cousins), and his wife Huanghou Mihan Keyi (米晗可以皇後) for the right to control him (and therefore the imperial administration), causing great suffering for the people and greatly undermining the stability of the Kai regime. Most historians believe and agree that Mihan Keyi provoked the wars between the twelve wangzi in an vain, foolish, and ill-fated attempt to establish supreme hegemony over the realm from behind the throne, or perhaps even usurp the throne herself.
Most of the fighting was either to establish regency over Huangdi Ju or remove Huanghou Keyi from power; but, two of the Wangzi had to audacity to attempt to usurp the throne for themselves when they drove the court from the capital. However, their reigns were brief and are not traditionally counted among the official list of huangdi stored in the imperial archives.
Another important figure of the time was Huang-Taihou Ming Ye (鳴也皇太後): styled Soujia (艘家), second wife of the previous ruler, Huangdi Songhan (愷嵩涵皇帝), and the mother of Huangdi Ju. She sensed that Huanghou Keyi was attempting to usurp power by provoking conflict between the wangzi and wangfei and tried to defuse the sitiation before it got out of hand. Tragically, she was assassinated by poison within two years after the conflicts started.
During the conflict, Huanghou Keyi schemed to put one of her favored sons on the throne in place of her husband and rule the empire through him, so she conspired with Tai Song, a wangzi she favored, to have her elder stepson, the taizi (the heir apparent) – whom was from a concubine Huangdi Ju took before he married Keyi, as well as intelligent and long-favored by the people – murdered.
She attempted afterward to have her youngest son named taizi, but the after-effects of the incident backfired on her, as Tai Song used the assassination as an excuse to have her deposed and forced her to commit suicide. Shortly after, Tai Song deposed Huangdi Ju and declared himself huangdi but did not hold power for long. Later that year, another coup was held, Huangdi Ju was restored to the throne and Tai Song was executed for treason.
At the end of the conflict, all other principal wangzi and wangfei of the wars were dead and Tai Zize held power over the empire as regent, but her victory was short-lived. With the death of Huangdi Ju by poisoning two years later, he was succeeded as huangdi by his youngest brother, Tai Yan (泰眼): styled Huakong (花控), posthumous name: Huangdi Yong (愷永皇帝). The new huangdi was much more intelligent and tried to initiate reforms to restore the empire, but Tai Zize, as regent, kept him from exercising any real power.
This, combined with the instability brought on from the previous conflict, resulted in a devolution of imperial authority that caused the near-collapse of the empire.
|2594 – 2734TJH||140yrs|
|Occurred the during the last century of the Kai dynasty.
In the aftermath of the War of the Twelve Princes (roughly six years, give or take; historians continue to debate it) the political order of what was then western and northern Tianchao splintered into a series of short-lived sovereign states while the Kai dynasty, whose power continued to wane, continued to rule most of central and eastern Zanghuan. Some of the kingdoms participated in the later final overthrow of Kai.
Most of the states of central Tianchao were founded by ethnic Gao, but the states on the fringes of the empire were founded by ethnic Tukhii, Enhuai or Cathized Sinjok still living outside their homelands' borders.
|Western, Central & Northern Dynasties
Zhonghuan Xifang Hebei Chao
|2734 – 2940TJH||206yrs|
|Followed the Twenty Kingdoms period with the final complete collapse of the Kai dynasty. Ended with the reunification of Tianchao under the Zan dynasty.
The ruling families of the Central Dynasties were mostly ethnic Gao, while those of the Western Dynasties were mostly either Enhuai or Cathized Sinjok, while those of the Northern Dynasties were mostly either Senzai or semi-Cathized Tukhii.
The period ended with the reconsolidation and reconquest of Tianchao under the Tonglu-ruled Zan dynasty, which came to power following the overthrow of Kang, one of the central dynasties, in 2838TJH.
|War of the Seven Emperors
Qi Huangdi de Zhanzheng
|3181 – 3196TJH||15yrs|
|This conflict took place near the end of the short-lived Jia dynasty, which took power after overthrowing the Qiu dynasty (which was of Xiyi (爬蟲) ethnicity and the second non-Gao ethnic group of the Wan peoples to rule a unified Tianchao; the Zan dynasty being the first) in what is historically known as Muren's Rebellion. Said rebellion was to overthrow Qiu's final Longdi (the Qiu dynasty's imperial title), whom was a tyrannical monster known to history as Xiuhuang Shui Bude shi Mingming (羞皇誰不得是命名/Disgraced Emperor Who Shall Not be Named), whom was so infamously cruel and evil that he was denied a proper execution and burial, and was instead cursed and buried alive in a tomb that was more of a prison, the location of which was purposely scratched from history. His real name is feared to the point that even saying it is still avoided by the general populace.
Said huangdi is known to history as Huangdi Zui (嘉醉皇帝); personal name, Pang Yu (滂與): styled Muren (木人); temple name: Jiuxing. He was known for his drunken temperament and general lack of interest in ruling the empire. Because of this, he was also widely regarded as an inefficient ruler whose policies, or lack thereof, destabilized the regime and the empire, setting the stage for civil war following his death.
|Seven Dynasties & Twelve Kingdoms
Qichao he Shí'er Wangguo
|3980 – 4121TJH||141yrs|
|Following the collapse of the Jun dynasty, seven dynasties in the Zanghuan Provinces succeeded each other one after another, while twelve breakaway states existed concurrently elsewhere.
The Six Dynaties & Twelve Kingdoms period, the last prolonged period of division in Tianzu history, ended with the conquest of Tianchao under the Lin dynasty, the only ethnic Arslan dynasty to rule a unified Tianchao and the last true golden age in Tianzu history.
Tianchao's territorial control of Guangdai never reached all the way across the continent to the western sea; its armies stretched too thin by that time, it stopped its conquests roughly eight-hundred miles from the westernmost coast of the continent. Instead, it vassalized the native kingdoms to use as buffer states.
A few hundred years before present day (throughout the entirety of the Ang dynasty's reign), Tianchao lost its western vassals and control of its westernmost territories to Genjin conquerors during the Yamato Invasions of Marlakcor (4431 – 4533TJH/2293 – 2395INO/4010 – 4112PCZ), which the Empire of Yamatai of Fuso initiated to spread Yamtao rule. In the wake of the Third Yamato–Tianzu War (4521 – 4533TJH/2383 – 2395INO/4100 – 4112PCZ) – which Yamatai declared in hopes of taking advantage of the anarchy and aftermath of the Ang–Ting War – following a peace treaty with the Ting dynasty (which fully usurped the Ang dynasty in 4523TJH following a 14-year civil war), the Great Wall of Guangdai was constructed to prevent any further expansion eastward by the Yamato into the western continent. The wall took nearly a century to build (and the rulership of Tianchao passed from the Ting dynasty to the Geng dynasty during that time, in part becuase the project was so economically costly that it contributed to the already weak and strained dynasty's collapse), and it has so far fulfilled that purpose, save for very brief occupations of various fortresses at various periods during several wars throughout its history.
The last major war between Yamatai and Tianchao was fought from 4716 – 4728TJH (2578 – 2590INO/4295 – 4307PCZ), during the dwarf-ruled Lei dynasty. Tianchao initiated the war by the opening of several gates along the Great Wall in an attempted invasion Morokoshi, managing to conquer a hold a sizeable chunk of Yamato-held territory for more than a decade. Tianchao even managing to bring the war to the streets of Gekyo (外京), the unofficial yet de facto capital of Morokoshi, until the tide turned and they were kicked out of the west side of the Great Wall in the last year of the conflict. Said war was also the first and last time since the Arslan Invasions of Fuso that Tianchao attempted an invasion of Fuso, a maneuver meant to divide Yamato attentions. Tianchao managed to land on southern Suisho, but never made it farther than the walls of the city of Kato (華都), the seat of power of the Arslan-originating Hanasaku clan. Defeated without breaching the walls, the Tianzu army was expelled from Fuso for the third time in Yamato-Tianzu history. There have been several wars since, but nothing on that scale.
Tianchao also lost the former Daludao Kingdom as a suzerainty, along with some of its southeastern territories, when the Solarii Empire invaded and conquered Daludao, renaming it Serica. Tianchao later helped the territories Miaogui throw off Solarii rule when they declared independence as the Republic of Miaogui, albeit not for altruistic reasons.
Despite these flaws and a recent decline in power, it maintains its status as Marlakcor's dominant empire, a title rivaled by both Dongbalian and Yamatai.
List of Dynasties
|Dynasty||Period of Rule||Founder||Final ruler|
|Name||Origin of name||Ruling House|
|Human||???||???? – 1371TJQ||???|
|???||???||???? – 1371TJQ||???|
|???||???||???? – 1371TJQ||???|
|???||???||???? – 1371TJQ||???|
Qian Wangchao Jiyuan
|"All"||Lang, later Su
狼, → 素
|Human||Gao||1371 – 1286TJQ||85yrs||Qiu Zun
|Human||Gao||1286 – 953TJQ||333yrs||Qiuwang Shixin
|Human||Gao||954 – 713TJQ||241yrs||Wang Cuiruo
|Human||Gao||733 – 11TJQ||722yrs||Wupi Shanmei
|See the table above for involved powers.||101TJQ – 0TJH||101yrs|
|Classical Imperial Era|
Gudian Yingzhi Jiyuan
|Tribe Name & Noble title||Jian
|Human||Gao||0 – 100TJH||100yrs||Huangdi Chuangjian
|Toponym & Noble title||Kan
|Human||Gao||103 – 141TJH||38yrs||Huangdi Cui of Fan|
|Toponym & Noble title||Fa
|Human||Gao||138 – 346TJH||208yrs||Huangdi Haohan
|Human||Gao||296 – 302TJH||6yrs||Fa Tao|
|Toponym & Noble title||Ding
|Faun||346 – 428TJH||82yrs|
|Human||Gao||427 – 727TJH||300yrs||Huangdi Kongyo
|Human||Gao||715 – 1032TJH||317yrs||Huangdi Tanlan
|Toponym & Noble title||Shan
|Gargoyle||1032 – 1119TJH||87yrs||Huangdi Xinjing
|Toponym & Noble title||Wei
|Human||Gao||1120 – 1539TJH||419yrs||Huangdi Tongyi
|Human||Gao||1519 – 1524TJH||5yrs||Huangdi Liang|
|From Huang kingdom||Xin
|Human||Gao||1530 – 1532TJH||1yr, 6mo||Huangdi Jiuzhu|
|Human||Senzai||1535 – 1537TJH||2yrs||Huangdi Jingling|
|1539 – 1589TJH||50yrs|
|Human||Gao||1539 – 1581TJH||42yrs||Huangdi Gengxin
|From Zhai dynasty||Wei
|Human||Gao||1539 – 1574TJH||35yrs||Huangdi Qianbei
|Faun||Gao||1540 – 1588TJH||48yrs||Xue Tai
|Human||Gao||1546 – 1589TJH||43yrs||Huangdi Jinyue
|Human||Gao||1587 – 1742TJH||155yrs||Huangdi Shanyu
|Centaur||Gao||1746 – 1766TJH||20yrs||Huangdi Mashu|
|Gao||1763 – 2289TJH||526yrs||Wuyedi Qishi
|Human||Gao||1941 – 1997TJH||56yrs|
|Toponym & Noble title||Yan
|Gao||1944 – 1991TJH||47yrs||Yan Tang|
|Medieval Imperial Era|
Zhongshiji Yingzhi Jiyuan
|Human||Gao||2288 – 2734TJH||446yrs||Huangdi Wan
|2594 – 2734TJH||140yrs|
|2736 – 2934TJH||198yrs|
|Human||Sinjok||2736 – 2816TJH||80yrs|
|Human||Sinjok||2816 – 2872TJH||56yrs|
|Human||Sinjok||2815 – 2900TJH||85yrs|
|Human||Enhuai||2872 – 2911TJH||39yrs|
|Human||Enhuai||2911 – 2930TJH||19yrs|
|Human||Enhuai||2900 – 2935TJH||35yrs|
|2734 – 2938TJH||204yrs|
|Human||Gao||2734 – 2790TJH||56yrs|
|Human||Gao||2790 – 2912TJH||122yrs|
|Human||Gao||2790 – 2920TJH||130yrs|
|Human||Gao||2920 – 2930TJH||10yrs|
|Human||Tonglu||2912 – 2938TJH||26yrs|
|2735 – 2940TJH||205yrs|
|Human||Tukhii||2735 – 2809TJH||74yrs|
|Human||Tukhii||2809 – 2905TJH||96yrs|
|Human||Senzai||2809 – 2864TJH||55yrs|
|Human||Senzai||2864 – 2904TJH||40yrs|
|Human||Tukhii||2905 – 2940TJH||35yrs|
|Human||Tonglu||2938 – 2986TJH||48yrs||Huangdi Zhaoze
|Human||Xiyi||2976 – 3165TJH||189yrs||Longdi Pachong
|Xiuhuang Shui Bude shi Mingming|
|Human||Gao||3164 – 3191TJH||27yrs||Huangdi Zui
|Centaur||Gao||3181 – 3188TJH||7yrs||Sui Han|
|Gao||3181 – 3192TJH||11yrs||Ren Jizhi|
|Human||Gao||3181 – 3196TJH||15yrs||Na Bin
|Human||Gao||3189 – 3284TJH||105yrs||Huangdi Chunzhen
|Human||Gao||3277 – 3939TJH||662yrs||Niangdi Cuilu
|Human||Gao||3939 – 4020TJH||81yrs||Huangdi Ganju
|3980 – 4076TJH||96yrs|
|Human||Gao||[…] – 4076TJH|
|4020 – 4121TJH||101yrs|
|From Chi dynasty||Zhang
|Modern Imperial Era|
Xiandai Yingzhi Jiyuan
|Human||Arslan||4076 – 4430TJH||354yrs||Huangdi Diqi Zuichu
ᠮᠥᠩᠭᠠ ᠲᠠᠢ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ
ᠣᠶᠤᠲᠠᠨ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨꡡꡗꡟꡟꡈꡋ ꡁꡂꡋ
|Toponym & Noble title||Chang
|Human||Sinjok||4174 – 4295TJH||121yrs|
|Human||Xiyi||4174 – 4283TJH||109yrs|
|Human||Shengwai||4174 – 4642TJH||468yrs||Zhuangdi Chiyi
|Human||Gao||4428 – 4523TJH||95yrs||Huangdi Zhanshi
|Human||Xiyi||4509 – 4576TJH||67yrs|
|Toponym & Noble title||Kuangshi
|Dwarf||Gao||4576 – 4902TJH||326yrs||Huangdi Geng
|Faun||Gao||4776 – 4802TJH||26yrs|
|Human||Shengwai||4880 – 4906TJH||26yrs|
|Toponym & Noble title||Sun
|Human||Gao||4903TJH – Incum||60+yrs||Huangdi Shiwu
|Unity periods are in a normal row. A white highlighted row is a civil war/breakaway state or rival claimant during the above dynasty.
Division/civil war periods are Italics and highlighted silver. Color-coded along the leftmost column in a white highlighted row are dynasties/states part of the above period.
|Several interesting facts of notes about the dynasties in Tianzu history.
Government & Politics
- See also: List of Rulers of Tianchao
Tianchao is an imperial hereditary monarchy ruled by a Huangdi (皇帝/Emperor). Female rulers also used the title. The heir apparent is titled Taizi (太子/Crown Prince). In the instance of a female ruler, the titles do not usually change; the exception being the rulers of the women-ruled Jing dynasty, whom used the title Niangdi (娘帝). The only title that does change is the title of the female hunagdi's spouse: husbands of female huangdi and rulers of the Jing dynasty and are titled Yufuma (御駙馬/Imperial Prince Consort).
Rulers of Arslan-ruled division era states and rulers of the Arslan-ruled Lin dynasty were titled Khagan (卡幹ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨꡁꡂꡋ) as well as huangdi. This was discontinued from the Ang dynasty onward with the return of Wan rule.
Important female titles include the Huanghou (皇後/Empress), the legal wife of the huangdi, and the Huang-Taihou (皇太後/Empress Dowager), the title of the widow of the prior huangdi and mother of the current one. Both women control the Huogong (后宮/Imperial Harem) and can exercise a great degree on the politics of Tianchao, mainly through the huangdi, if given the chance. Both control the Huogong, yet the huang-taihou generally has more power over it than the huanghou. The title of huanghou is generally discarded in the event of a female ruler, during which the standard title of hunagdi is used.
Aside for the Taizi, sons and daughters of the huangdi, as well as brothers and sisters, are referred to as Wangzi (王子/Prince) and Wangfei (王妃/Princess) respectively. All other relatives, such as nephews, nieces & cousins, are titled Gongjue (公爵/Prince, Duke) and Gongzhu (公主/Princess) respectively. Husbands of wangfei and gongzhu are titled Fuma (駙馬).
Gong (公/Duke) and Gongnu (公女/Duchess) are titles of the highest-tier noblemen unrelated to the hunagdi. Often these are just prestigious titles with power limited to command troops, but they can also given power to autonomously administer the territories they're granted, either from the seat of the territory or the imperial capital; but this is not without risk of the empowered person from becoming a threat to the central government. Holders of such titles may also be enfeoffed to the rank of Wang (王/King).
Succession of the huangdi is generally straightforward. The heir to the throne, the taizi, is generally appointed by either favoritism or by merit. Often it is the eldest son of the huangdi is appointed the taizi, whether they are from the huanghou or a concubine, yet this is not automatically so; a daughter can be chosen as well. If the huangdi feels that his eldest is not up to the task or simply favors someone else, a younger son or daughter, a nephew, niece, brother, sister or cousin can be appointed taizi instead. Generally, while there is only one huanghou at a time, the huangdi's harem of many dozens of concubines, if any in the first place, often result in there being any number of children to choose from.
Yet, if the huangdi dies before or without appointing a successor, the huang-taihou generally has the sole right to appoint one of the late huangdi's surviving sons or relatives to the position. Most often the successor chosen in this fashion is a minor, thus the huang-taihou serves as regent over the government. Other times, responsibility for appointing a new ruler from among the deceased huangdi's relatives falls to the government, generally the liugexia. Sometimes the huangdi will not announce an heir during their reign, instead writing it down and keeping it secret for it to be discovered upon his death. However, it's not uncommon for the deceased hunagdi's wishes to be disregarded or unannounced, leaving a vacuum to be filled one way or another.
The event a new huangdi can not be appointed in a timely fashion, the late-huangdi's various relatives generally tend make claims to the throne, resulting in a heated – and often deadly – strife to fill the power vacuum and even wars of succession in the extreme cases. These power-struggles often start smoldering even before the huangdi dies, and tend to shape the future of the dynasty for generations afterwards.
Sometimes the huangdi is succeeded without dying. Sometimes the huangdi will abdicate without ending the dynasty; in other words, retire. Huangdi who abdicate to retirement are titled Taishang Huangdi (太上皇帝/Retired Emperor). However, while most huangdi who do retire go into quiet retirement for the rest of their days, the huangdi sometimes doesn't always give up actual power despite retiring; sometimes they will act as the power behind the throne through his official successor.
As a religious leader, the huangdi also bears the title of Tianzi (天子/Son of Heaven); Tianfei (天妃/Daughter of Heaven) in the case of female rulers. While anyone can found a dynasty and claim the imperial title, the title of tianzi is only conferred upon by the high priests to the true ruler of the realm; i.e. the one who is believed to have the grace of the gods and been granted the Mandate of Heaven, usually the ones who rule a unified dynasty or succeed in reunifying the empire and ending a period of disunity. The title is hereditarily passed on until it is believed that the dynasty has lost the Mandate, only bestowed upon again to the one it is believed has attained the Mandate of Heaven.
Posthumous names can mean anything, and usually illustrate the huangdi or his reign in some way or follow a particular naming scheme associated with previous rulers. Temple names are similar but are a selection of names chosen with more care. Even ancestors of dynasty founders, especially those who laid the foundation for the dynasty's founding, are sometimes posthumously promoted to huangdi and honored with temple names by their descendants, even if they did not rule as huangdi, or even claim the imperial title, in their lifetime.
Not all huangdi were given either name after death; in fact, there were many instances throughout Tianzu history where the practice of giving either one or both names were abandoned altogether until it was revived later, in particular during disunity periods. There were other reasons for not bestowing either to an huangdi, including the belief that a particular ruler was not worthy of one.
|Temple names of dynasty founders or huagndi of a new line within an existing one are suffixed with either "jian (建/founder)" or "zu (祖/ancestor)," with a couple rare exceptions. All other temple names are suffixed with "pi (辟/monarch)," with a few rare exceptions.|
|Dynasty Founder names|
|Typically used for dynasty founders who came to power by revolt and/or civil war.|
|Can also be used for ancestors who laid the foundation for a dynasty's founding, even if they did not rule themselves.|
Founder of a country
|More rare than others, as it it typically used to refer to Jian Zheng, the founder of the Qiang dynasty, and the first huangdi of Tianchao.|
|Used for dynastic founders who created their dynasty by conquest.
Examples: the Zan dynasty, the Qiu dynasty, and the Lin dynasty
|The more commonly generic temple names for founders or huangdi of a new line within an existing dynasty.|
|Can also be used for ancestors who laid the foundation for a dynasty's founding, even if they did not rule themselves.|
|Used for founders deemed worthy of eternal remembrance.|
|Typically used for monarchs who came to power by revolt and/or civil war.|
|Honored to sovereigns who revitalized their realm following a period of decline. Can also be used for dynastic founders.|
|Typically given to particularly tyrannical rulers.
Originated with the surname of Huai Gui, the tyrannical chengxiang of the Zhai dynasty before the Four Kingdoms period. It started as a way for historians to mock him, but was eventually applied to actual tyrannical rulers.
|Typically given to an huangdi who overthrew a tyrannical predecessor.
Can also be used for dynasty founders if the overthrown huangdi was the last huangdi of the previous dynasty.
|Used for Huangdi who came to power by conquest.|
|Used for Huangdi were murdered by their successor or unjustly overthrown.|
|Honored to sovereigns who revitalized their realm following a period of decline.|
|One of the more commonly generic temple names.|
|Typically used for huangdi who gave remarkable military achievements or greatly expanded the empire's sovereign territory during his reign.|
|Used for huangdi deemed worthy of eternal remembrance.|
|Typically given to huangdi who were known for being very wise or religious.|
|Typically given to huangdi who had a particularly prosperous reign or ushered in a golden age.|
|Reserved for huangdi who were the last ruler of their dynasty. First used for
Huangdi Chuantong, the last Huangdi of the Qiang dynasty.
Beneath the huangdi is the bureaucracy of the Guohui (國會/Congress).
|Office||Description & Responsibility|
|The de jure highest political office beneath the huangdi, the highest of the liugexia.
The chengxiang is in charge of presiding over the guohui when it meets. Also leads the armies alongside or on behalf of the huangdi.
|Leads the armies, alongside or on behalf of the chengxiang and huangdi.|
|Responsible for maintaining the Imperial Household on behalf, or at the discretion, of the huangdi.|
|Oversees security of the capital and its residing province. Also the head of the Imperial Guard.|
Minister of the Masses
|In charge of maintaining the government's relations with the general public and between the various regional lords of the empire.|
Minister of the Works
|in charge of maintaining the empire's finances and overseeing government projects—construction of the Great Wall of Guangdai being a notable example.|
Beneath the huangdi and the liugexia are the titleless chen (臣/statesmen), whom make up the majority of the officials; there may be as many as five hundred or a few as fifty, depending on the policies and/or events of the time. They participate by suggesting laws and decrees, and even possible courses of action in times of crises; as well as bringing the huangdi and the liugexia up to date on what is going on around the empire, including instances of which may or may not have already reached their attention. Otherwise, they are generally powerless, yet enjoy a substantial government salary. Members are chosen based on scores taken from the Guomin Buji Kaoshi (國民部級考試/National Ministerial Examination), which is held every four years.
Throughout Tianzu history the power of the huangdi and the bureaucracy has constantly fluctuated. Sometimes the huangdi had all the power while the bureaucrats had limited or no power; other times the huangdi and the bureaucrats shared the power, creating a system of checks and balances on each other; and sometimes the power of the huangdi was curtailed, leaving the true power in the hands of the bureaucrats, the chengxiang, a regent or some other person while the huangdi was a ceremonial figurehead.
Tianchao maintains one of the largest known standing armed forces on Qirsyllviar, but the empire's sheer size, and constant threat of rebellions and foreign incursions in the outer territories furthest from Xiazhou – the capital region – causes it to be spread thin.
Beneath the huangdi, chengxiang and taiwei, Tianchao has five main generals, referred to as the Wuzhi Laohu (五隻老虎/Five Tigers), in charge of the land forces of the Tianzu Imperial Army, and one in charge of the toops along the military zones that line the east side of the Great Wall of Guangdai. Including any number of officers in charge of various detachments spread around their zones, each has at least 700,000+ troops under their command at any given time.
Wuzhi Laohu (五隻老虎/Five Tigers)
Commander of the North
|Responsible for troops in Pianpilu.|
Commander of the South
|Responisble for troops in the southern regions of Zanghuan and along the borders with Dongbalian and Gaoliang.|
Commander of the East
|Responisble for troops in eastern Zanghuan and seaboard and the border regions of the islands shared with Miaogui.|
Commander of the West
|Responsible for troops in Guangdai.|
Commander of the Center
|Responisble for troops in central Zanghuan and around the capital.|
|Wei Qiangbi Siling
Commander of the Great Wall
|Responsible for troops stationed in every fort and castle along the entire length Great Wall of Guangdai.|
There are also sizeable detachments of naval forces in every body of water controlled by Tianchao.
Tianchao today is divided into sixteen zhou (provinces). Those are in turn divided into several jun (commanderies), when are further divided into three or four xian (counties).
|Zhou (州)||Jun (郡)||Xian (縣)||Notes|
|Leizhou has the most and largest producing mines of all types in the entire empire, producing 60% of the total supply of minable substances.|
|The outskirts of the province capital hosts Wushu Xueyuan (巫術學院), the oldest and most prestigious academy of magic in Tianchao.|
|Xiazhou and its constituent jun and xian are directly administrated by the huangdi and the government.|
Empire of Tibet
The Empire of Tibet, also called "Bod" (བོད་) locally, the the nation of Zlasnyi people. It is an island nation occupying the vast island of the same name in eastern Marlakcor. It shares maritime borders with the Empire of Tianchao to the west and Baoshi to the northwest.
Akantai (亜寒帯) the collective term for the Ryoiki (regions) and Gun (Provinces) of the Yamato Empire in the archipelagic territory northeast of Yamatai in the Sea of Shinko in the northwestern waters of Marlakcor.
Like the main empire in Fuso, Akantai is divided into several ryoiki ruled by an appointed sotoku pledging fealty to the Tenno of Yamatai, and smaller gun ruled by chiji. Some clans and daimyo are from Fuso, whether by immigration or land grants. Other daimyo are more local compared to the clans of Fuso, as the majority are descendants of families that cooperated, and even helped, the invading Yamato Imperial Armies during the invasion; many even married into Genjin families, adopted Genjin names customs and traditions, and even their religion, to varying extents.
Though Teikyo in Fuso is the capital of the empire, and therefore Akantai, the city of Kosetsu-to serves as the unofficial capital of Akantai for the locals as the political cultural, economic and military center of Yamatai's northeastern island provinces.
Morokoshi (唐土) is the collective term for the Ryoiki (regions) and Gun (Provinces) of the Yamato Empire on Xinshijie (called Higashimoto (東本) by the Genjin), the western subcontinent of Marlakcor, taking up great portions of both Guangdai (Hirotai) and Yuchang (Amehara), and two large islands between them. The Morokoshi land closest to Fuso is a Y-shaped island named Makigaijima (巻貝島), which is also the name of a gun.
Though Teikyo in Fuso is the capital of the empire, and therefore Morokoshi, the city of Gekyo serves as the unofficial capital of Morokoshi for the locals as the political cultural, economic and military center of Yamatai's mainland Marlakese provinces.
The easternmost lands of the empire, Morokoshi borders Tianchao and Raimei to the east, and sharing maritime borders with Goryeo to the north. It was first established as a result of the Yamato Invasions of Marlakcor (4010 – 4100PCZ), which in turn sparked the First Yamato-Tianzu War (4010 – 4019PCZ). Over the course of the conflicts, Yamatai conquered the states referred to as the Xifang Wangguo (西方王國/Western Kingdoms), which included some of Tianchao's vassals, and the much of Tianchao's western territories. The Third Yamato-Tianzu War (4100 – 4112PCZ) ended with Morokoshi's furthest northern and eastward expansion into the westernmost parts of the western continent, and resulted in the construction of the Great Wall of Guangdai by Hauxia, preventing any further expansion. Yamatai instead turned its attentions to the southern lands, and several wars with Đế Quốc Mưa over several generations led to the conquest of the entire southern portion of the western continent.
Some time after, Morokoshi then experienced an insurrection in the southeast by Yamato settlers, led by the Ikazuchi clan, rivals of the Toyotomi clan, which led to the Raimin War for Independence (4235 – 4245PCZ), and the establishment of the separate Empire of Raimei. Morokoshi remain at odds with Tianchao and Raimei, yet has managed to secure a relatively peaceful existence in Marlakcor.
Like the main empire in Fuso, Morokoshi are divided into several ryoiki ruled by an appointed sotoku pledging fealty to the Tenno of Yamatai, and smaller gun ruled by chiji. Some clans and daimyo are from Fuso, whether by immigration or land grants. Other daimyo, particularly the western ones, are more local compared to the clans of Fuso, as the majority are descendants of families that cooperated, and even helped, the invading Yamato Imperial Armies during the Yamato Invasions of Marlakcor; many even married into Genjin families, adopted Genjin names, customs and traditions, and even their religion, to varying extents.
Hei'an Zhidi (黑暗之地/Darklands) is a tropical jungle island, in the Chidao Sea of southern Marlakcor. The place is reportedly a place of terror, allegedly home to monstrous creatures and carnivorous plant life, and the island is surrounded by a noxious, almost toxic, miasma of unknown origin, preventing any real exploration. What is actually on the island remains a mystery into modern day.
Few have dared to venture there, and fewer have returned alive. Those who did were either too far mentally gone or were in no condition to give any meaningful accounts.
Zhonglibozi (中壢脖子/中坜脖子/Middle Neck) is a stretch of neutral land between Dongbalian to the northeast and the high elven empire of Gaoliang to the southwest.
The zone was established as a result of border disputes between Dongbalian and Gaoliang, established by the treaty that ended the Third Gaoliang–Dongbalian War, in an attempt to permanently separate the two countries from fighting over the land again. The terms of the treaty stipulate that while the zone is demilitarized and military presence in the zone is forbidden, both countries are responsible for the safety of the people who live there. Military forces are only allowed into the zone for humanitarian purposes, such as relief from the effects of natural disasters, and armed conflict between the two countries within the zone is forbidden, even in times of war. That clause of the treaty has been tested ever since it was established, as relations between Dongbalian and Gaoliang have devolved into war multiple times since.
Within the zone there are three large cities, Baolan (寶藍/宝蓝), Feicui (翡翠) & Hongbao (紅寶/红宝), each with their own governments and dozens of villages and small towns under their sphere of influence. Each is technically a city-state in its own right, but they don't claim any form sovereignty.
Notes & Trivia
- There are two known demonyms for people from Marlakcor:
- The exonym is "Marlakcese".
- The endonym is "Tianxiaren" (天下人).
- Because of how the Chinese language – which the language "Wanyu" is based on – works, the titles and any other nouns are both singular and plural.
- Addi tonally, where appropriate or needed, simplified characters are displayed underneath or after traditional ones. Tianchao uses traditional characters while Miaogui uses simplified, and both states use their favored characters when referring to something in writing, unless, in Miaogui's case, a simplified version of a character doesn't exist.
- While the name was used sparingly since the Ying dynasty, Ji Zheng used "Tianchao" as the name for his empire for diplomatic purposes, but with the end of the Qiang dynasty the name fell out of use. Other more ethnic names were adopted as a representation of the nation of the collective Wan peoples until the Zhai dynasty adopted Tianchao as the official name of the country. Until then, Tianchao was simply known by whatever dynasty was currently in power; though even today it still is.
- While they are both given posthumously, a posthumous name and a temple name should not be confused with each other. See Wikipedia articles for better explanations.
- Marlakcor and Tianxia come from two separate sources:
- Marlakcor, the foreign exonym for the continent, originated from the Wan phrase "Maran la kecheng o ren" (罵人啦課程哦人), which roughly translates as "Oh course people curse it", which was then shortened to Marlakcor. Historians and linguists believe this happened due to a miscommunication between translators at some point in the past.
- Tianxia (天下), the local endonym for the continent, which roughly means "all under heaven", came from the historical belief that the farthest shores of the continent and those of the closest islands, were the edge of the world.
- Another common local name for the continent is Sanzhou (三洲/lit. Three Continents), to describe the three main landmasses that make up the continent as a whole.
- Most of the years used on the page are those of the Luan calendar. There is a 421-year difference between the Luan calendar and the Solramese calendar. I.e. 0TJH = 421ACZ. To get the equivalent year tot he Solramese calendar, subtract 421 from the year. Note: Solramese years before 0 are suffixed ACZ, while years 0 and after are suffixed PCZ.
- The reason Fuso is greyed out is becuase it isn't, cartographically, part of the continent. It's just the areas that are closest to Marlakcor.
- Marlakcor is divided into three subcontinents, Huaxia (華夏), Pianpilu (偏僻陸) and Xinshijie (新世界). Huaxia is the central, and largest, subcontinent divided between Tianchao, Dongbalian and Gaoliang. Pianpilu is the northern subcontinent, fully controlled by Tianchao; and Xinshijie is the western continent, divided between Tianchao, Yamatai, and Raimei.
- Huaxia is further divided into three regions: Zanghuan (臧環), the land occupied by Tianchao; Dongnan (東南), the land occupied by Dongbalian; and Xiaoyu (魈域), the land occupied mostly by Gaoliang and partially by Tianchao and the Senxiao kingdoms.
- The northwestern part of Dongnan, the part past the narrowest area of Dongbalian's territory, is sometimes referred to as Jing bu Xibei (經部西北).
- Pianpilu is further divided into western and eastern regions known as Bianjing (邊境) and Gergazar (Wanyu: 加爾加扎爾 (Jia'ar jiazhaer), Zerlegkhel:ᠭᠡᠷᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷ) respectively. They are divided at what is known as the Guixiong Corridor (鬼雄), the narrowest region of the subcontinent.
- Xinshijie is further divided into northern and southern regions known as Guangdai (廣帶) and Yuchang (雨場). They are divided at the Isthmus of Caihong (彩虹), the narrowest point of the subcontinent.
- The body of water on the west side of the isthmus is known as Dolgolae (돌고래) Bay, which is a part of the Yazuishou (鴨嘴獸) Sea further westward.
- Within the space between northern and southern Huaxia is a body of water known as the Zhuhong (朱紅) Sea.
- The northern sea between Huaxia and Xinshijie is known as the Qingshui Sea (清水), which deviates northward at the Dianqing (靛青) peninsula into the Sea of Jingyu (鯨魚) to the west and the Sea of Xaio (曉) to the east.
- The Sea of Udeung separates Xinshijie from Pianpilu.
- The Sea of Xaio, followed by the Xiong (熊) Sea separate Huaxia from Pianpilu. The Sea of Xiao and the Xiong Sea are separated from each other by the Shumiao (樹苗) Strait, the narrowest point between them.
- The southern sea between Huaxia and Xinshijie is known as the Jingling Sea (精靈海).
- The Qingshui Sea and the Jingling Sea are divided by what's known as the Yinghao Strait, the narrowest point between them.
- The island of Đế Quốc Mưa, occupied by the empire of same name, is often considered part of Xinshijie, but modern cartographers still dispute this.
- The southernmost waters of Marlakcor above the Grand Line is the Chidao (赤道) Sea.
- The sea between Marlakcor and Eurodysia is called the Yinyue Sea (音樂滄海/Yinyue Canghai) by the Wan and the Muisca Sea by the Eurodynes.
- Huaxia is further divided into three regions: Zanghuan (臧環), the land occupied by Tianchao; Dongnan (東南), the land occupied by Dongbalian; and Xiaoyu (魈域), the land occupied mostly by Gaoliang and partially by Tianchao and the Senxiao kingdoms.
|Caihong (Isthmus of)
|Cầu Vồng |
|Bodies of Water|