FANDOM


(Zan dynasty)
Line 351: Line 351:
 
! colspan="9" |Imperial Period
 
! colspan="9" |Imperial Period
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan="3" |Ji Zheng<br>機政
+
| rowspan="2" |Ji Zheng<br>機政
| rowspan="3" |Zhugong<br>主公
+
| rowspan="2" |Zhugong<br>主公
| rowspan="2" |Huangdi Chuangjian<br>強創見帝
+
|Huangdi Chuangjian<br>強創見帝
| rowspan="2" |Kaiguo<br>開國
+
|Kaiguo<br>開國
| rowspan="2" |31TJQ–32TJH
+
|31TJQ–32TJH
| rowspan="2" |63yrs
+
|63yrs
 
|(as Wang)<br>11TJQ–0TJH
 
|(as Wang)<br>11TJQ–0TJH
  +
----
  +
(as Huangdi)<br>0–32TJH
 
|11yrs
 
|11yrs
| rowspan="2" |
+
|
|-
 
|(as Huangdi)<br>0–32TJH
 
|32yrs
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| colspan="7" |Ji Zhugong used the title "Wang" from the time he usurped control of the Kingdom of Qiang from the Zhi clan until he established the Qiang dynasty, beginning the ''Classical Period'' of the ''Imperial Period''.
 
| colspan="7" |Ji Zhugong used the title "Wang" from the time he usurped control of the Kingdom of Qiang from the Zhi clan until he established the Qiang dynasty, beginning the ''Classical Period'' of the ''Imperial Period''.
Line 3,027: Line 3,029:
 
During his lifetime, even before his reign, he set his sights on conquering Tianchao (known as Tenger (<span style="writing-mode:tb-rl">ᠲᠩᠷᠢ</span>) to the Khitai), torn asunder by the ''Seven Dynasties & Ten Kingdoms Period'' since the fall of the Mei dynasty. As soon as he became Khagan, he took advantage of the ongoing conflicts to invade Tianchao and secured much of the Liao, but he did not live do see his ambitions fulfilled. His reign and conquests were cut short when he was slain by an assassin on the eve of his planned invasion of the Zhongyuan region.
 
During his lifetime, even before his reign, he set his sights on conquering Tianchao (known as Tenger (<span style="writing-mode:tb-rl">ᠲᠩᠷᠢ</span>) to the Khitai), torn asunder by the ''Seven Dynasties & Ten Kingdoms Period'' since the fall of the Mei dynasty. As soon as he became Khagan, he took advantage of the ongoing conflicts to invade Tianchao and secured much of the Liao, but he did not live do see his ambitions fulfilled. His reign and conquests were cut short when he was slain by an assassin on the eve of his planned invasion of the Zhongyuan region.
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan="3" |Altanzul Ayalguu<br>阿坦祖爾阿亞爾古<br><span style="writing-mode:tb-rl">ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠨᠵᠤᠯ ᠠᠶᠠᠯᠭᠤ</span>
+
| rowspan="2" |Altanzul Ayalguu<br>阿坦祖爾阿亞爾古<br><span style="writing-mode:tb-rl">ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠨᠵᠤᠯ ᠠᠶᠠᠯᠭᠤ</span>
| rowspan="3" |Ayalguu Khan<br><span style="writing-mode:tb-rl">ᠠᠶᠠᠯᠭᠤ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ</span>
+
| rowspan="2" |Ayalguu Khan<br><span style="writing-mode:tb-rl">ᠠᠶᠠᠯᠭᠤ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ</span>
| rowspan="2" |Huangdi Diqi Zuichu<br>第七最初皇帝
+
|Huangdi Diqi Zuichu<br>第七最初皇帝
| rowspan="2" |Zuangli<br>壯麗<br>Nait Khan<br><span style="writing-mode:tb-rl">ᠨᠠᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ</span>
+
|Zuangli<br>壯麗<br>Nait Khan<br><span style="writing-mode:tb-rl">ᠨᠠᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ</span>
| rowspan="2" |4037–4111TJH
+
|4037–4111TJH
| rowspan="2" |74yrs
+
|74yrs
 
|4054–4111TJH<br>(as Khagan)
 
|4054–4111TJH<br>(as Khagan)
  +
----
  +
4076–4111TJH<br>(as Huangdi)
 
|57yrs
 
|57yrs
| rowspan="2" |
+
|
|-
 
|4076–4111TJH<br>(as Huangdi)
 
|35yrs
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| colspan="7" |Seventh Khagan of the Khitan Khagnate, eldest son of Zaluu Khan, and founder of the Lin dynasty.
 
| colspan="7" |Seventh Khagan of the Khitan Khagnate, eldest son of Zaluu Khan, and founder of the Lin dynasty.

Revision as of 05:02, February 22, 2020

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Imperial Seal of the Huangdi

Printed inscription of the Imperial Seal of Tianchao, the personal seal of the huangdi, carved from a piece of jade in the early Mo dynasty.
Top line: 接受天命/Jieshou Tianming/Receive the Mandate of Heaven
Second line: 天下皇帝/Tianxia Huangdi/Sovereign of the World
Third line: 正義規則/Zhengyi Guize/Rule Justly
Bottom line: 消滅邪惡/Xiaomie Xie'e/Destroy Evil

A comprehensive list of rulers of Tianchao, from the semi-legendary era to modern times. Pretender rulers/dynasties are included among them.

Rulers before the Qiang dynasty were titled various ways:

  • The rulers of the semi-legendary dynasties, Lang, Tong, Cong, and Chi dynasties were titled "Qiu (酋/chief)."
    • These "dynasties" were really tribal chiefdoms that existed mostly contemporaneously rather than the proper dynasties that characterized the majority of Tianchao's history.
  • Rulers during the Predynastic era dynasties, Miao, Re, Gao, Mo, and early Qiang, were titled "Wang (王/King)."
    • The former three are more properly described as loose confederations or collections of chiefdoms, consisting of several loosely affiliated independent clans who recognized a wang. Proper centralization of authority under a wang was achieved during the early stages of the Mo dynasty.
  • Rulers since the founding of the imperial Qiang dynasty are titled "Huangdi (皇帝/Emperor)."
    • Rulers of the Khitan-ruled Lin dynasty were also titled "Khan."

Lang dynasty

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Lifetime Reign
Lang Zhangzi
狼長子
Lingdui
領隊
Qiu Zun
狼尊酋
[…]–[…]TJQ

Tong dynasty

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Lifetime Reign
[…]–[…]TJQ

Cong dynasty

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Lifetime Reign
[…]–[…]TJQ

Chi dynasty

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Lifetime Reign
[…]–[…]TJQ

Miao dynasty

The Miao dynasty is the namesake of the Miao people, and in turn the more ethnic names of the empire, Miaobang (妙邦)/Miaoyu (妙宇).

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Su Longqiu
素龍虬
Wang Jin
妙金王
1371–[…]TJQ
[…]–1038TJQ

Re dynasty

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
1038–[…]TJQ
[…]–953TJQ

Gao dynasty

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Chajing Han
茶晶汗
Shangsheng
上升
Wang Cuiruo
皋脆弱王
Xinjian
新建
954–[…]TJQ
[…]–713TJQ

Mo dynasty

The Mo dynasty was the longest-enduring dynasty in Miao history.

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Xi Gaoming
觋高明
Laoji
僚機
Wang Shanmei
魔善媚王
Xinjian
新建
733–[…]TJQ
The founder of the Mo dynasty, Wang Shenmei was a powerful magician, one of the most powerful of the age. Brought order to a nation torn by twenty years of civil war between squabbling kingdoms following the collapse of the Gao dynasty.
Xi Ying
觋英
Qiaochu
翹楚
Wang Jin
魔金王
[…]–[…]TJQ
Son of Wang Shanmei, Wang Jin carved the Imperial Seal out of a magical piece of jade found atop a mountain during his tour of the realm.
Xi Yan
觋儼
Zhuhong
硃紅
Wang Guizu
魔貴族王
[…]–[…]TJQ
Proper centralization of authority was achieved under his rule.
Summer & Winter Period
[…]–[…]TJQ
[…]–[…]TJQ
[…]–[…]TJQ
Warring States Period
[…]–[…]TJQ
Xi Zhu
觋珠
Yaoren
妖人
Wang Fenghuang
魔鳳凰王
[…]–11TJQ
The last ruler of the Mo dynasty. Under his rule, the Mo dynasty finally collapsed, just around the same time Ji Zhugong, the future Huangdi Chuangjian, came to power in the Kingdom of Qiang.

Qiang dynasty

The first imperial dynasty of Tianchao.

The Kingdom of Qiang was originally founded as a vassal of the Mo dynasty until it rose to dominance during the Warring States Period.

Rulers of the Kingdom of Qiang before Huangdi Chuangjian established the imperial period were titled "Wang," and the ruling family before him was the "Zhi (治)" clan.

During the Qiang dynasty's reign the empire was referred to as "Tianchao (天朝)" for diplomatic purposes, but with the dynasty's end the name fell out of use until the Zhai dynasty officially adopted it by law.

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
[…]–[…]TJQ
Summer & Winter Period
[…]–[…]TJQ
Warring States Period
[…]–[…]TJQ
Zhi Tong
治童
Chunan
處男
n/a n/a […]–11TJQ
The last ruler of the Kingdom of Qiang from the Zhi clan.
Imperial Period
Ji Zheng
機政
Zhugong
主公
Huangdi Chuangjian
強創見帝
Kaiguo
開國
31TJQ–32TJH 63yrs (as Wang)
11TJQ–0TJH

(as Huangdi)
0–32TJH

11yrs
Ji Zhugong used the title "Wang" from the time he usurped control of the Kingdom of Qiang from the Zhi clan until he established the Qiang dynasty, beginning the Classical Period of the Imperial Period.

He came to power around the same time the Mo dynasty finally collapsed.

As the founder of the imperial period, from then on using the title of "Huangdi," Huangdi Chuangjian is also known to history as Qiang Shou Di (強首帝).

The year of his ascension to Huangdi is the basis of the Miao calendar, though it wasn't adopted until the Chang dynasty.

Ji Mei
機美
Mingmei
明媚
Huangdi Ziyuan
強資源帝
Yongpi
永辟
7TJQ–80TJH 87yrs 32–80TJH 48yrs
The second ruler of the imperial Qiang dynasty, Huangdi Ziyuan was Huangdi Chuangjian's third child and only daughter.

As she outlived her two elder brothers, both of whom died of natural-yet-unknown causes just months before Huangdi Chuangjian's death, most saw it as a sign that she was her father's true successor. Thus she was enthroned as the first female ruler of Tianchao.

One of only a handful of recognized female rulers of a unified period (aside for the Niang dynasty, which was ruled entirely by women), Huangdi Ziyuan was the longest-serving ruler of the Qiang dynasty.

Ji Hanhu
機含糊
Youxiao
幼小
Huangdi Bukong
強不控帝
n/a 33–87TJH 54yrs 80–87TJH 7yrs
Fourth son of Huangdi Ziyuan out of her ten children.

After his mother ascended the throne, he superseded his elder siblings to the throne by eliminating the competition through assassinations made to look like accidents or simple disappearances. So desperate he was for the throne that he did the same with any relative felt threatened by, including his cousins, younger siblings, and even his own children. He did so over the course of Huangdi Ziyuan's entire reign, and was so meticulously thorough that his mother never even suspected his involvement.

He ascended the throne himself following the death of Huangdi Ziyuan. His brief seven-year reign is characterized as tyrannically cruel and oppressive, leading to his own assassination at the hands of his own palace staff.

Ji Kong
機空
Huisheng
迴聲
Huangdi Chuantong
強傳統帝
Zuihou
最後
72–100TJH 28yrs 87–100TJH 13yrs
The last huangdi of the Qiang dynasty, he was the youngest son of Huangdi Bukong, and the only one to survive to adulthood, including his father's purge of potential threats to his accession. He was placed on the throne at the age of fifteen following the assassination of Huangdi Bukong.

Though huangdi in name, Huangdi Chuantong was little more than a puppet ruler for a regent and the palace officials, whom were still reeling from the tyrannical reign of Huangdi Bukong. However, without the huangdi exercising any central authority, along with the regent's incompetence, the government quickly descended into corruption, hastening the downfall of the Qiang dynasty.

After thirteen miserable years on the throne, Huangdi Chuantong took his own life without naming an heir. Childless, and with most of the imperial relatives eligible for the throne either scattered or dead since the reign of Huangdi Bukong, the Qiang dynasty ended with him.

Fan dynasty

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Kan Yang
看楊
Caozong
操縱
Huangdi Cui
飯粹帝
n/a 69–151TJH 82yrs 103–141TJH 38yrs
Sole huangdi of the Fan dynasty.

A minor official during the last years of the reign of Huangdi Chuantong, the last huangdi of the Qiang dynasty, he came to power in a political coup after a three-year interregnum following the suicide of Huangdi Chuantong. Although Huangdi Cui managed to stay in power for almost four decades, he was an inefficient ruler who failed at every meaningful thing he did as huangdi, and nothing he did improved the lives of the people.

His bad rulership eventually led to his and his own dynasty's overthrow, to be replaced by the Chang dynasty following a three-year rebellion/civil war known to history as the Fan–Chang Contention (飯–昌爭辯/Fan–Chang Zhengbian). He was spared following his defeat and allowed to abdicate, but spent the remainder of his life in self-imposed exile.

Despite his bad rule, Huangdi Cui was still recognized for bringing some order out of the collapse of the Qiang dynasty and given a posthumous name upon his death, but not a temple name.

Chang dynasty

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Fa Mao
發猫
Shangren
聖人
Huangdi Haohan
昌好漢帝
Fuxing
復興
138–[…]TJH
First huangdi of the Chang dynasty, Huangdi Haoban came to power after overthrowing the Fan dynasty in a rebellion/civil war, known to history as the Fan–Chang Contention. He began to process of revitalizing the empire following more than half a century of bad rule.
[…]–[…]TJH
The Miao calendar was adopted during his reign.
[…]–346TJH

Can dynasty

A short-lived pretender dynasty during a crisis of the Chang dynasty known as the Imperial Schism.
Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Fa Tao
發陶
n/a n/a 296–302TJH 6yrs

Hua dynasty

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
346–[…]TJH
[…]–428TJH

Yue dynasty

The first faun-ruled dynasty, and the first non-human ruled dynasty of the Imperial Period

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Huangdi Kongyo
悦控唷帝
Yaozu
耀祖
427–[…]TJH
[…]–[…]TJH
Qingse Zai
青色崽
Zhuanglie
壯烈
Huangdi Yan
悦儼帝
[…]–[…]TJH
Qingse Ding
青色丁
Nande
難得
Huangdi Juexin
悦決心帝
[…]–[…]TJH
Came to power following a palace coup to depose Huang-Taihou San; personal name: Huyu Ying (冴羽瑩); styled: Qixin (琪心), the fourth and final wife of Huangdi Yan before his death, whom had instigated a blood feud between himself and his brothers in an attempt to secure the throne for herself.
Huangdi Jiaoyong
悦教涌帝
[…]–727TJH

Jing dynasty

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
715–[…]TJH
[…]–1032TJH

Shu dynasty

The only gargoyle-ruled dynasty.

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Shan Ding
善定
Yeyi
夜翼
Huangdi Xinjing
樹心經帝
Dazu
大祖
1006–1109TJH 103yrs 1032–1087TJH 55yrs
Shan Shao
善少
Youzhu
幼主
Huangdi Xinruan
樹心軟帝
Zhepi
哲辟
1031–1119TJH 88yrs 1087–1119TJH 32yrs
The second and last huangdi of the Shu dynasty. He died suddenly without naming an heir, leaving his children and relatives to fight a bloodbath to succeed him.

Zhai dynasty

Under the Zhai dynasty, the name "Tianchao" came into use as the official name of the empire, though the dynasty name was still commonly used to refer to the empire, even after the dynasty ended.

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Wei Rang
威讓
Yingxiong
英雄
Huangdi Tongyi
斎統一帝
Dazu
大祖
1120–[…]TJH
The first huangdi fo the Zhai dynasty. Came to power through a coup d'état – referred to in history as the Xinnian Coup (新年政變/Xinnian Zhengbian/New Year's Coup) because it took place during New Year's – to fill the power vacuum left by the death of the Huangdi Xinruan six months prior.
[…]–[…]TJH
[…]–[…]TJH
Huangdi Tang
斎糖帝
[…]–[…]TJH
[…]–[…]TJH
[…]–[…]TJH
Huangdi Rao
斎繞帝
[…]–[…]TJH
Wei Dao
威掉
Miyao
密鑰
Huangdi Qingsong
斎輕鬆帝
[…]–[…]TJH
Son of Huangdi Rao and Huanghuo Mingyuan.
Wei Sui
威歲
Huangdi Zhamen
斎閘門帝
[…]–[…]TJH
Wei Anzi
威安子
Chunjie
純潔
Huangdi Ang
斎昂帝
Zuihou
最後
1496–1558TJH 62yrs 1503–1539TJH 36yrs
Last huangdi of the Zhai dynasty.

Enthroned at the age of seven as a puppet ruler for the tyrannical Huai Gui, Chengxiang of Zhai until his assassination, Huangdi Ang's reign saw the complete deterioration of central Zhai rule into the hands of regional warlords.

Under the thumb of Chengxiang Kong Song for most of his reign, he was forced to abdicate to Kong Hao, Kong Song's son and successor, ending the Zhai dynasty and beginning the Four Kingdoms period.

Fei dynasty

A self-proclaimed dynasty during the wars at the end of the Zhai dynasty.
Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Lin Lin
霖林
Reqing
熱情
Huangdi Liang
匪亮帝
n/a 1519–1524TJH 5yrs
Lin Lin was a female ruler, one of only a handful recognized in Miao history.

Originally an outlaw and bandit leader, Lin Lin waged war against the Zhai dynasty itself and all its lords during the Wars at the End of the Zhai Dynasty.

She used the suffering of the people caused by the recent famine and the chaos of the conflict between the regional warlords to justify her campaign, taking advantage of the chaos of the civil wars to better herself and the people.

She stole the Imperial Seal from the Imperial Palace when she led her bandit army to invade and sack the capital, and used her "acquisition" of it as justification for declaring herself huangdi of a new dynasty.

She vanished following her final defeat; whether she escaped and went into hiding or died in battle was never known.

Huang dynasty

A self-proclaimed dynasty during the wars at the end of the Zhai dynasty.
Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Xin Zhujiao
信主教
Jiaohuang
教皇
Huangdi Jiuzhu
黃救主帝
n/a 1530–1532TJH 1yr, 6mo

Dian dynasty

An ethnic Xiongnu self-proclaimed dynasty during the wars at the end of the Zhai dynasty.
Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
San Yinghao
傘英豪
Lijie
禮節
Huangdi Jingling
靛精靈帝
n/a 1535–1537TJH 2yrs
  • The Fei, Huang, and Dian dynasties were self-proclaimed during the period of chaos and civil war in the final decades of the Zhai dynasty, but were unrecognized and overthrown rather quickly.

Four Kingdoms

Northern Gan

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Kong Song
恐誦
Zhengke
政客
Huangdi Meng
感猛帝
Yaozu
耀祖
[…]–1539TJH […]–1539TJH n/a
Chengxiang of Zhai dynasty during the final years of the Wars at the End of the Zhai Dynasty. Father of Kong Hao/Huangdi Gengxin, the first huangdi of Gan kingdom. Did not rule as huangdi, though he was de facto ruler of Zhai during his tenure as chengxiang, but was posthumously promoted to huangdi by huangdi Gengxin.
Kong Hao
恐好
Youya
幽雅
Huangdi Gengxin
感更新帝
n/a 1539–[…]TJH
Huangdi Gengxin was the last chengxiang of the Zhai dynasty under Huangdi Ang, the last ruler of the Zhai dynasty.

Son of Kong Song, he took over from his father as chengxiang of the Zhai dynasty. Less than three months following Kong Song's death, he forced Huangdi Ang to abdicate to him, ending the Zhai dynasty,

Kong Dong
恐懂
n/a […]–[…]TJH
n/a […]–[…]TJH
n/a […]–[…]TJH
Kong Eran
恐愕然
n/a n/a […]–1581TJH

Yong Zhai

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Wei San
威散
Sangjian
桑劍
Huangdi Qianbei
永斎謙卑帝
n/a 1539–[…]TJH
Scion of the imperial family of the Zhai dynasty.
Wei Fu
威散
Longta
龍獺
Huangdi Heshan
永斎和善帝
n/a […]–1574TJH
Second son of Huangdi Qianbei.

He abdicated following a massive defeat by the armies of Gan kingdom, and spend the remainder of his life in solitude.

Xue Lu

A faun-ruled kingdom
Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Xue Tai
學鈦
n/a n/a 1540–[…]TJH
Xue Han
學含
n/a n/a […]–1588TJH
Son of Xue Tai. Willingly abdicated to the Quan dynasty rather than risk a substantial loss of life.

Western Zan

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Chan Kan
纏看
Yingxiong
英雄
Huangdi Ge
攢鴿帝
Dazu
大祖
n/a n/a
Warlord of the Wars at the End of the Zhai dynasty. Father of Chan Ming and Chan Yue, the first huangdi of Zan. Did not rule as huangdi but was posthumously promoted to huangdi by Chan Yue.
Chan Ming
纏名
Nujie
女傑
Huangdi Tian
攢甜帝
n/a n/a
Warlord of the Wars at the End of the Zhai dynasty. Daughter of Chan Kan, and elder sister of Chan Yue, the first huangdi of Zan. Did not rule as huangdi but was posthumously promoted to huangdi by her brother.
Chan Yue
纏越
Huangdi Jinyue
攢勁樂帝
1546–[…]TJH
Warlord of the Wars at the End of the Zhai dynasty. Son of Chan Kan and younger brother of Chan Ming, father and daughter successive warlords of the Chan clan during the Wars at the End of the Zhai Dynasty.
Chan Miqi
纏米奇
Huangdi Chiqi
攢池崎帝
[…]–[…]TJH
Daughter of Chan Yue, and the only female ruler of the Four Kingdoms Period.
[…]–[…]TJH
Chan Jieji
纏傑基
Huangdi Haolong
攢好龍帝
[…]–1589TJH

Quan dynasty

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Posthumous Promotions
She Jian
蛇檢
Piaobo
漂泊
Huangdi Huanyuan
圈還原帝
Dazu
大祖
n/a
Grandfather of She Rui/Huangdi Shanyu. Chengxiang of Gan Kingdom for the majority of the Wars at the End of the Zhai Dynasty. Posthumously promoted huangdi by Huangdi Shanyu.
Dynasty Proper
She Rui
蛇瑞
Huangdi Shanyu
圈善于帝
1587–[…]TJH
First Huangdi of the Quan dynasty. At first Chengxiang of Gan kingdom under the last two rulers, he came to power when he forced Huangdi Kong Eran to abdicate to him.
[…]–1742TJH

Hei dynasty

A short-lived centaur-ruled dynasty
Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Sa Tang
薩瑭
Mushu
木薯
Huangdi Mashu
黑馬術帝
1711–1787TJH 76yrs 1746–1766TJH 20yrs
Sole ruler of the Hei dynasty.

A centaur of noble birth, he brought order to Tianchao when he replaced the Quan dynasty following a three-year interregnum and war of succession within the imperial She clan that followed the death of the Quan dynasty's last huangdi.

Seventeen years later, Huang Wanjian (later known as Huangdi Qishi of the Hun dynasty) led a coup against him to force him to abdicate, but Huangdi Mashu, placed under house arrest, resisted for three years until he was left with no recourse but to abdicate, ending the short-lived Hei dynasty.

Hun dynasty

The Hun dynasty was the only vampire-ruled dynasty to rule a unified Tianchao.

Under the Hun dynasty, vampires achieved a lot more freedom and rights than they used to have, to the point that they almost eclipsed other races.

Also, being of a race with great longevity (usually), the huangdi of the Hun dynasty would traditionally abdicate after between twenty-five to forty years on the throne.

Enduring for 562 years – the longest-enduring dynasty of the imperial era dynasties – the Hun dynasty was the last dynasty of the Classical Imperial Era.

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Huang Wanjian
衁晚間
Anying
暗影
Huangdi Qishi
昏騎士帝
Yongzu
永祖
[…]–[…]TJH 1763–[…]TJH
First huangdi of the Hun dynasty. Before becoming huangdi, he was a government official in the last years of the Quan dynasty and throughout the Hei dynasty.

Partially inspired by Huangdi Mashu's victory, partially because he believed a centaur was unworthy of the Mandate of Heaven, he led a coup of the imperial palace to force Huangdi Mashu to abdicate to him, but Huangdi Mashu resisted.

And so, rather than kill Huangdi Mashu, Huangdi Qishi placed him under house arrest, took control of the government, and declared himself huangdi fo the Hun dynasty. Huangdi Qishi pressed Huangdi Mashu for his abdication for three years until he finally broke him and convinced him to abdicate, ending the Hei dynasty.

The first huangdi part of the power struggle known as the Six Years and Ten Emperors, which precipitated the Crisis of the Twentieth Century.
The last huangdi part of the power struggle known as the Six Years and Ten Emperors, which precipitated the Crisis of the Twentieth Century.
Huang Liang
衁亮
Yingjie
影傑
Huangdi Lucao
昏綠草帝
Zuihou
最後
[…]–2289TJH […]–2289TJH

Jian dynasty

A human-ruled breakaway dynasty of the Crisis of the Twentieth Century
Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Tang […]
瑭[…]
n/a 1941–[…]TJH
Tang […]
瑭[…]
n/a […]–[…]TJH
Tang […]
瑭[…]
n/a n/a […]–1997TJH

Zhao dynasty

A vampire-ruled breakaway dynasty of the Crisis of the Twentieth Century
Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Yan Tang
眼糖
Manyan
滿眼
n/a n/a 1838–1991TJH 153yrs 1944–1991TJH 47yrs
The sole ruler of the breakaway Zhao dynasty.

He was a well-accomplished but unacknowledged general of the Hun dynasty. Declared independence of the land he was given to govern as both revenge and to grab some much-craved glory for himself.

Fought against the Hun dynasty to maintain his self-declared empire until he was slain in battle. His slayer was Wangzi Tao of Souchuan (藪川逃王子/Souchuan Tao Wangzi), a wangzi (prince) of the Hun dynasty, personal name Huang Chuang (衁窗); styled Jingzi (鏡子). Wangzi Tao was glorified in history as the slayer of a rouge general, but was demonized by Yan Tang's followers.

Kai dynasty

The Kai dynasty was the first dynasty of the Medieval Imperial Era.

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Dynasty Proper
Tai Moshui
泰墨水
Dafang
大方
Huangdi Wan
愷玩帝
Bianjian
變建
2288–[…]TJH
Huangdi Songhan
愷嵩涵帝
[…]–[…]TJH
Tai Bing
泰兵
Bangshou
幫手
Huangdi Ju
愷句帝
[…]–2590TJH
Mentally stunted, he was dominated by regents for the entirety of his reign.

Throughout his tenure, there was constant internecine fighting between regents, imperial wangzi (his siblings, uncles, cousins), and his wife Huanghou Mihan Keyi (米晗可以皇後) for the right to control him (and therefore the imperial administration), causing great suffering for the people and greatly undermining the stability of the Kai regime, culminating in a conflict known as the War of the Twelve Princes (2154–2167AFZ/2575–2588TJH).

Most historians believe and agree that Mihan Keyi provoked the wars between the twelve wangzi in a vain, foolish, and ill-fated attempt to establish supreme hegemony over the realm from behind the throne, or perhaps even usurp the throne herself.

Tai Yan
泰眼
Huakong
花控
Huangdi Yong
愷永帝
2590–[…]TJH
Youngest brother of Huangdi Ju. Vastly more intelligent than his predecessor, he attempted to exercise some central authority to initiate reforms to restore the empire, but the regent and de facto winner of the War of the Twelve Princes, Tai Zize, kept him from exercising any real power.
Twenty Kingdoms Period
Huangdi who ruled the Kai dynasty during the Twenty Kingdoms period, a time when, in the aftermath of the War of the Twelve Princes, political order of what was then western and northern Tianchao splintered into a series of short-lived sovereign states while the Kai dynasty, whose power continued to wane, continued to rule most of central and eastern Zhongyuan.
Huangdi Dang
愷黨帝
[…]–2734TJH

Pretenders

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Name(s)
War of the Twelve Princes
Pretenders who declared themselves Huangdi amidst the War of the Twelve Princes during the reign of Huangdi Ju.
Tai Han
泰喊
Gongtai
攻台
n/a n/a […]–[…]TJH
Nanzhou Yuji Wangzi (南粥預計王子/Prince Yuji of Nanzhou). Uncle of Huangdi Ju. Executed for treason.
Tai Song
泰送
Jiatang
加糖
n/a n/a […]–[…]TJH
Jiongxiao Tinan Wangzi (囧校題難王子/Prince Tinan of Jiongxiao). First cousin, once removed of Huangdi Ju. Commited suicide following final defeat.

Twenty Kingdoms

Central, Western & Northern Dynasties

Western dynasties

Sai

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
2736–[…]TJH
[…]–[…]TJH
[…]–2816TJH

Northern Sai

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
2816–[…]TJH
[…]–[…]TJH
[…]–2872TJH

Southern Sai

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
2815–[…]TJH
[…]–[…]TJH
[…]–2900TJH

Rao

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
2872–[…]TJH
[…]–[…]TJH
[…]–2911TJH

Chao

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
2911–[…]TJH
[…]–[…]TJH
[…]–2930TJH

Fang

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
2900–[…]TJH
[…]–[…]TJH
[…]–2935TJH

Central dynasties

Central Tan

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
2734–[…]TJH
[…]–[…]TJH
[…]–2790TJH

Western Tan

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
2790–[…]TJH
[…]–[…]TJH
[…]–2912TJH

Eastern Tan

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
2790–[…]TJH
[…]–[…]TJH
[…]–2920TJH

Ling

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
2920–2927TJH 7yrs
2927–2930TJH 3yrs

Kang

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
2912–[…]TJH
[…]–[…]TJH
[…]–2938TJH

Northern dynasties

Mang

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
2735–[…]TJH
[…]–[…]TJH
[…]–2809TJH

Wang

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
2809–[…]TJH
[…]–[…]TJH
[…]–2905TJH

Jiu

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
2809–[…]TJH
[…]–[…]TJH
[…]–2864TJH

Wa

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
2864–2868TJH 4yrs
2868–2894TJH 26yrs
2894–2900TJH 6yrs
2900–2904TJH 4yrs

Ying

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
2905–2920TJH 15yrs
2920–2940TJH 10yrs

Zan dynasty

The first unity period dynasty since the Kai dynsty and the ruling family was the first non-Miao ethnic group to rule a unified Tianchao, the Tonglu in this case.

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Yang Soutu
杨藪土
Xianqu
先驅
Huangdi Zhaoze
簪沼澤帝
Kaijian
凱建
2875–2952TJH 57yrs 2940–2950TJH 10yrs
Brought order back to Tianchao through the reunification of the empire out of the dark age of the Central, Western & Northern Dynasties. Abdicated after ten years so that his eldest son could rule and sought to spend the rest of his life in retirement.

Huangdi Zhaoze died of poisoning by Hunagdi Qipian at the same time as as Huangdi Jinglao did.

Yang Wangxiao
杨旺销
Bangshou
幫手
Huangdi Jinglao
簪敬老帝
2918–2952 34yrs 2950–2952TJH 2yrs
Eldest son of Huangdi Zhaoze, whom abdicated so he could rule. Died of poisoning by his own brother, along with his father, after only two years on the throne.
Yang Danyao
杨弹药
Yajun
亞軍
Huangdi Qipian
簪欺騙帝
2919–2973 44yrs 2952–2973TJH 21yrs
Younger brother of Huangdi Jinglao, coming to power by usurpation after poisoning his brother and father. An utterly corrupt, selfish and tyrannical ruler, the policies of his two-decade reign led to financial ruin and began the downfall of the Zan dynasty. Midway through his reign he put down a rebellion and civil war to remove him from power.

Died of a plague that swept through the empire and claimed the lives of half a million people near the end of his reign, an event seen by sages of the time and historians as harsh divine retribution.

Yang Wajiao
杨挖教
Jianbing
尖兵
Huangdi Caoze
簪草澤帝
Zuihou
最後
2951–2986TJH 35yrs 2973–2986TJH 13yrs
Son of Huangdi Jinglao, and the last ruler of the Zan dynasty. He spent the entirety of his uncle's reign in hiding, only coming out again to take the throne following Huangdi Qipian's death.

When he took the throne, his empire attempted to recover, both financially and culturally, from the tyrannical reign of his uncle and the plague near the end of the latter's reign, but did not have the chance to properly do so. His reign saw the conquest of Tianchao by the Qiu dynasty of the Xiyi people, for which it was unprepared but still managed to resist for ten years.

Claimants

Individuals who claimed the imperial title while fighting the civil war to remove Huangdi Qipian from power

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
[…]–[…]TJH

Qiu dynasty

The imperial family of the Qiu dynasty originated from the island of the same name and was of the Xiyi (爬蟲) people, and was the second non-Miao ethnic group to rule a unified Tianchao. Before this period, the island of Qiu was not yet under the sovereignty of Tianchao.

Additionally, while the dwarven invention of black power had been available for various actions across Marlakcor for centuries, the Qiu dynasty was the first time in Tianzu history it had been utilized as a weapon of war.

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Rong Ci
蠑刺
Huoyan
火焰
Huangdi Pachong
虯爬蟲帝
Dazu
大祖
[…]–2984TJH 2976–2984TJH 8yrs
The founder of the Qiu dynasty.

The same year he established his dynasty, he orchestrated the Xiyi invasion of Zhongyuan, known as the Miao–Xiyi War, to replace the faltering Zan dynasty, seeing an opportunity to establish glory for himself and his people, and revitalize the empire way. Regretfully, even with victory in sight, he did not live to see his ambitions realized.

Rong Ji
蠑棘
Zanzhu
贊助
Huangdi Jiayin
虯甲胤帝
Kaijian
凱建
[…]–[…]TJH 2984–[…]TJH
Eldest son of Huangdi Pachong, the second huangdi of the Qiu dynasty and the first to rule over the entirety of Tianchao following the final conquest of the Zan dynasty, ten years after the Qiu dynasty's founding, fulfilling the ambitions of his late-father.

Though not the dynasty's actual founder, he was giving a temple name that implied he was as he was the first huangdi of the Qiu dynasty to rule the entirety of Tianchao

Huangdi Mangshe
虯蟒蛇帝
Unknown Unknown Huangdi Guaiwu
虯怪物帝
Huaipi
壞辟
[…]–3165TJH […]–3165TJH
Huangdi Guaiwu was a monstrous tyrant so infamously cruel that his personal and courtesy names were purposely scratched from history.

Jia dynasty

The first Miao-ruled unity dynasty since the Kai dynasty.

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Pang Yu
胖与
Muren
木人
Huangdi Zui
嘉醉帝
Jiuxing
救星
3134–3181TJH 47yrs 3164–3181TJH 17yrs
The founder of the Jia dynasty after overthrowing the last tyrannical ruler of the Xiyi Qiu dynasty, restoring Miao rule to Tianchao for the first time in almost two centuries.

Generally regarded as the sole true huangdi of the Jia dynasty.

While lauded as a hero for ending the tyrannical rule of Huangdi Guaiwu and the Qiu dynasty, he was well known for his drunken temperament and general lack of interest in actually ruling Tianchao. Because of this, he is also widely regarded as an inefficient ruler whose policies, or lack thereof, destabilized the regime and the empire, setting the stage for civil war following his death.

He died suddenly during the seventeenth year of his reign. His cause of death is unknown, but historians have long suspected that he was somehow assassinated, perhaps by his own hunaghou.

Claimants

Huangdi Zui is generally regarded as the only true huangdi of the Jia dynasty. The reign and conflict of his assumed son and brothers, part of the wider War of the Seven Emperors, is considered by most historians as an interregnum between his death and the founding of the Ai dynasty.

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Pang Wu
胖吴
Jujue
拒絕
Huangdi Hunwai
嘉婚外帝
n/a 3166–3189TJH 23yrs 3181–3189TJH 8yrs
Huangdi Zui's direct successor, but was an illegitimate bastard whom was not born him. Huangdi Zui's huanghou, known to history as Jin Ting (尽挺), deceived him into thinking he was. The common belief among historians is that he was born of an affair between Jin Ting and her childhood friend from before her marriage.

He was fifteen years old at the time of Huangdi Zui's death. Though he was given a posthumous name, historians traditionally don't count him among the official list of huangdi.

He was known as a selfish tyrant, though not nearly as bad as his presumed father's predecessor.

Killed along with many of his nearest relatives in a palace coup initiated by Song De, the founder of the Ai dynasty.

Pang Gou
胖够
Wenxian
文獻
Huangdi Shi
嘉獅帝
n/a 3130–3189TJH 59yrs 3181–3189TJH 8yrs
Huangdi Zui's eldest older brother. Declared himself huangdi within weeks of Pang Wu. Died in the Battle of Yongting against the army of Pang Long, almost simultaneously as Song De overthrew Pang Wu and established the Ai dynasty.
Pang Mingce
胖命策
Weilian
威廉
Huangdi Hu
嘉虎帝
n/a 3132–3186TJH 54yrs 3181–3186TJH 5yrs
Huangdi Zui's second eldest older brother. Declared himself huangdi within weeks of Pang Wu. Assassinated by agents of Pang Wu.
Pang Long
胖隆
Yadang
亞當
Huangdi Xiong
嘉熊帝
n/a 3137–3191TJH 54yrs 3181–3191TJH 10yrs
Huangdi Zui's younger brother. Declared himself huangdi within weeks of Huangdi Hunwai. Died in the Battle of Rongke against the armies of the breakaway Sen dynasty.

The last of the self-declared huangdi of the Jia dynasty to die. The Ai dynasty had been founded two years prior, and, with most of the imperial Pang clan dead or scattered, his death officially ended the Jia dynasty, though the War of the Seven Emperors would rage for another five years.

Though a pretender, he was the last of the imperial Pang clan to hold the title, albeit illegally, historians and scholars count him among the official list huangdi as the final ruler of the Jia dynasty for conclusionary reasons.

Pian dynasty

A centaur-ruled dynasty and one of the breakaway states of the wider War of the Seven Emperors.
Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Sui Han
虽韩
Dianzhui
點綴
n/a n/a 3154–3190TJH 36yrs 3181–3188TJH 7yrs
Sole huangdi of the breakaway Pian dynasty.

King of Pian under the Jia dynasty before seceding, his kingdom was conquered by Pang Gou. Sui Han was personally executed by Pang Gou for his rebellion.

Nian dynasty

A vampire-ruled dynasty and one of the breakaway states of the wider War of the Seven Emperors.
Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Ren Jizhi
稔機智
Pianzi
騙子
n/a n/a 3150–3329TJH 179yrs 3181–3192TJH 11yrs
Sole huangdi of the breakaway Nian dynasty.

King of Nian under the Qiu and Jia dynasties before seceding, for reasons unknown to all but himself, Ren Jizhi mostly managed to stay out of the fighting between the other six huangdi, save for some serious border disputes with the other two breakaway kingdoms and the Pang clan claimants.

Four years after the establishment of the Ai dynasty, with the Ai army beginning to encroach upon his lands following the fall of Pang Long in battle against the Sen dynasty, Ren Jizhi challenged Song De to a "duel of kings" and lost. Per the terms of the duel, in which his kingdom would retain independence if he had won, he willingly abdicated, ending his dynasty, was stripped of his titles, and lived out the rest of his days in retirement.

Sen dynasty

One of the breakaway states of the wider War of the Seven Emperors.
Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Na Bin
拿斌
Jingzhi
精製
n/a n/a 3135–3191TJH 56yrs 3181–3191TJH 10yrs
First huangdi of the breakaway Sen dynasty. King of Sen under the Jia dynasty, he was a sworn brother Huangdi Zui and a loyal general of during the latter's rebellion to overthrow Huangdi Guaiwu and the Qiu dynasty.

He learned the truth about Pang Wu's parentage by accident in the last days of Huangdi Zui's reign, but the latter died before he could tell him.

Unable to stop Pang Wu from coming to power, and realizing that Huangdi Zui's brothers were going to contend for the throne themselves, Na Bin fled the capital and declared independence, with the eventual aim of conquering Tianchao once the four false huangdi of the Pang clan had killed each other off.

Died of illness the same day his armies defeated Pang Long, widely considered the beginning of the end for his self-proclaimed dynasty.

Na Ao
拿澳
Haiwan
海灣
n/a n/a 3144–3196TJH 52yrs 3191–3196TJH 5yrs
Youngest brother of Na Bin, and the second and last huangdi of the breakaway Sen dynasty. He took over after the death of his brother, as the latter's son and heir died in battle just days before Na Bin died, and Na Ao's elder brothers all died of varying circumstances over the previous decade.

Under his reign, his kingdom was the last resisting faction to fall the the Ai dynasty after a series of substantial defeats, and Na Ao himself committed suicide when he realized all hope was lost.

Ai dynasty

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Song De
松德
Qinqing
親情
Huangdi Chunzhen
霭純真帝
Yongzu
永祖
3144–3211TJH 67yrs 3189–3211TJH 22yrs
Founder of the Ai dynasty. King of Ai during the Qiu and Jia dynasties, he is lauded as a hero for bringing order back to Tianchao by replacing the collapsing Jia dynasty during the War of the Seven Emperors. He came to power when he instigated a palace coup, killing the illegitimate Pang Wu and many of the tyrannical bastard's nearest relatives.

Ended the war with the reconquest of the breakaway Sen dynasty.

Song Mao
松毛
Yingjun
英俊
Huangdi Tanpan
霭談判帝
n/a 3250–3304TJH 54yrs 3272–3284TJH 32yrs
The last huangdi of the Ai dynasty, his reign saw the end of patriarchal rule to the matriarchal Niang dynasty for almost five centuries.

When the capital fell at the end of the Cixing War, he committed suicide once he had heard Niang forces had breached the palace defenses rather than be executed or forced to abdicate.

Out of respect for his resolve, Huangdi Cuilu, the founder of the Niang dynasty, decreed he be given a posthumous name, but not a temple name.

Niang dynasty

Unique among the rest of the dynasties.

While there were female rulers in past and future dynasties, in both unity and division periods, the Niang dynasty was the only unity period dynasty ruled entirely by women, with the title passed mother to daughter matrilineally. All children of the huangdi took their mother's surname as well.

Enduring for over five centuries, it is also famous for being the longest period of female-preference primogeniture in Miao history.

While women had achieved high military and political status many thousands of times under previous dynasties, they were difficult to attain and required great merit before they were even considered for those statuses. Under the Niang dynasty, women's rights and status were elevated to equal of that of men, given them equal opportunity, which saw the rise of many influential characters of both sexes throughout the dynasty's tenure.

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Yuan Mulan
媛木蘭
Ganqing
感情
Huangdi Cuilu
孃翠綠帝
Zuangli
壯麗
3276–3339TJH 63yrs 3277–3319TJH 42yrs
The founder of the Niang dynasty.

Born a slave, Yuan Mulan endured harsh conditions under the tyrannical slave system of the Ai dynasty. When she was a teenager, Yuan Mulan started to speak out against slavery and the oppression of women under patriarchal traditions. Even though she endured harsh punishments for speaking out, including whippings and stripping her nude in public, she kept her head high and never let herself be silenced.

Influential and charismatic, she accumulated some sympathetic listeners who turned into devoted followers; among them was Tian Airen (甜愛人); styled Fengmi (蜂蜜), a young noblegirl who was her oldest friend and sworn sister, and lover.

When she was twenty-one Yuan Mulan led a slave revolt in Dongtan (東灘), the imperial capital of the time. Her uprising was repulsed form the city, but her cause attracted followers from all corners of the empire, women and sympathetic men, until they had grown into an army thousands-strong within just a few weeks.

At the behest of her most loyal retainers – who believed that the sudden growth and support of her rebellion meant that the Ai dynasty had lost the Mandate of Heaven and had been granted to her – Yuan Mulan declared herself huangdi, naming her dynasty "Niang (孃)," and waged war against the Ai dynasty, a conflict known to history as the Cixing War (雌性戰爭) (3277–3284TJH/2856–2863AFZ). The final conquest of the capital seven years later saw the deposition of Huangdi Tanpan – who committed suicide once he had heard Niang forces had breached the palace defenses rather than be executed or forced to abdicate – and the end of the Ai dynasty.

Once firmly in power, she outlawed slavery, a policy that endured until the Khitan-ruled Lin dynasty, and ushered in a golden age that lasted until the end of the dynasty. She also revitalized the empire with various welfare projects that improved the lives of people of all races and social classes; and for this reason she is firmly acknowledged as one of the greatest rulers in Miao history.

Yuan Ying
媛硬
Yonghai
勇孩
Huangdi Hongbao
孃紅寶帝
3304–3353TJH 49yrs 3319–3333TJH 14yrs
Second child and eldest daughter of Huangdi Cuilu. When she was born, most assumed that her elder brother, Yuan Ping (媛评), would be her mother's heir, but Huangdi Cuilu shocked the world when she decreed that successors of the Niang dynasty would only be women.

Came into the throne at the age of twenty five upon the death of her mother.

Under her reign, the current capital, Tangzhai, was founded. But the new imperial palace would not be completed and occupied until the reign of Huangdi Baolan.

Yuan Ren
媛仁
Bingyin
丙胤
Huangdi Baolan
孃寶藍帝
3336–3398TJH 62yrs 3333–3366TJH 33yrs
Third daughter and child of Huangdi Hongbao, she superseded her elder sisters to the throne when they declared their intentions forgo any right to the throne in favor of personal pursuits.

Came into the throne at the age of seventeen upon the death of her mother.

The imperial palace of Tangzhai, the new imperial capital founded during her mother's reign, was completed a few years after she ascended the throne. Thus Huangdi Baolan was the first ruler of Tianchao to occupy the modern capital.

She later abdicated in favor of her chosen heir and spent the remainder of her life in quiet retirement.

Yuan Qing
媛青
Mikai
蜜凯
Huangdi Lingxing
孃菱形帝
[…]–[…]TJH 3366–[…]TJH
Yuan Jin
媛勁
Rexin
熱心
Huangdi Huangjing
孃黃晶帝
[…]–[…]TJH […]–[…]TJH
Yuan Chanjuan
媛嬋娟
Wanqiang
頑強
Huangdi Jinyu
孃金玉帝
[…]–[…]TJH […]–[…]TJH
Yuan Qi
媛氣
Zhongshi
忠實
Huangdi Kuihua
孃葵花帝
[…]–[…]TJH […]–[…]TJH
Huangdi Chuju
孃嘛龛帝
Huangdi Qingfu
孃情夫帝
[…]–[…]TJH […]–[…]TJH
Yuan Ruyi
媛如意
Shuangkou
塽口
Huangdi Weikou
孃胃口帝
[…]–[…]TJH […]–[…]TJH
Yuan Lian
媛戀
Tangmi
糖迷
Huangdi Xiangliao
孃香料帝
[…]–[…]TJH […]–[…]TJH
Yuan Milin
媛密林
Huaji
滑稽
Huangdi Chuai
孃踹帝
Zuihou
最後
[…]–[…]TJH […]–3709TJH

Mei dynasty

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Luo Hao
蓏豪
Dangao
蛋糕
Huangdi Ganju
梅柑橘帝
Xinzu
新祖
[…]–[…]TJH 3799–[…]TJH
Great-grandson of Huangdi Weikou, and grandnephew of Huangdi Xiangliao, the penultimate huangdi of the Niang dynasty. He was also an alleged descendant of Xiangrikui Gongchan through his father, Luo Yao (蓏要).

He came to power when "convinced/tricked" Huangdi Chuai, the last huangdi of the Niang dynasty, to abdicate in his favor. A conservative traditionalist, Huangdi Ganju became huangdi purposely to end the women-ruled Niang dynasty and reinstate male-preference primogeniture for the first time in five centuries.

Huangdi Mangguo
梅芒果帝
[…]–[…]TJH […]–[…]TJH
[…]–[…]TJH […]–[…]TJH
[…]–[…]TJH […]–[…]TJH
Huangdi Xingshu
梅杏樹帝
[…]–[…]TJH […]–[…]TJH
Huangdi Fengli
梅鳳梨帝
[…]–[…]TJH […]–[…]TJH
Huangdi Yangguo
梅蘋果帝
[…]–[…]TJH […]–4020TJH

Seven Dynasties & Twelve Kingdoms

Seven Dynasties

Yin dynasty

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names

Twelve Kingdoms

Hang

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names

Hang Kingdom, along with Sang Kingdom, was never recovered by Tianchao and continued on independently for a time. Eventually, it collapsed into several states that eventually became Dongnan Baquan Banglian (Dongbalian).

Sang

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names

Hang Kingdom, along with Sang Kingdom, was never recovered by Tianchao and continued on independently for a time. Eventually, it collapsed into several states that eventually became Dongnan Baquan Banglian (Dongbalian).

Zhang Chi

Founded by alleged descendants of the Chi dynasty, a dynasty/chiefdom of the Semi-Legendary Era.

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names

Lin dynasty

A Khitan-ruled conquest dynasty, established in the wake of the Seven Dynasties & Ten Kingdoms period. The first three rulers of the Lin dynasty were also rulers of the Khitan Khaganate, as Lin was founded as a division of the Khaganate (sort of like dual monarchy: two separate states ruled by a single ruler). The first six rulers of the Khitan Khaganate were never huangdi in their lifetime, but were posthumously declared so following the foundation of the Lin dynasty.

A coup by a rival clan forced the Altanzul clan out of power in Khitai, resulting in the complete separation of the Lin dynasty from Khaganate.

Personal name Khan Name Posthumous name Temple Name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Altanzul Selemchin
ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠨᠵᠤᠯ ᠰᠡᠯᠡᠮᠡᠴᠢᠨ
Erkhemseg Khan
ᠡᠷᠬᠢᠮᠰᠦᠭ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ
Huangdi Tong Chuangzao Die
統創造爹皇帝
Yongzu
永祖
n/a
Unifier and First Khagan of the Khitan Khaganate. Posthumously declared Huangdi in 4080TJH.
n/a
Second Khagan of the Khitan Khaganate. Posthumously declared Huangdi in 4080TJH.
n/a
Third Khagan of the Khitan Khaganate. Posthumously declared Huangdi in 4080TJH.
n/a
Fourth Khagan of the Khitan Khaganate. Posthumously declared Huangdi in 4080TJH.
n/a
Fifth Khagan of the Khitan Khaganate. Posthumously declared Huangdi in 4080TJH.
Altanzul Deglem Juram
阿坦祖爾德格倫朱拉姆
ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠨᠵᠤᠯ ᠳᠢᠭᠯᠢᠮ ᠵᠢᠷᠤᠮ
Zaluu Khan
ᠵᠠᠯᠠᠭᠤ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ
Huangdi Zhengfuzhe Guowang
征服者國王皇帝
Kaijian
凱建
4017–4054TJH 37yrs 4039–4054TJH 15yrs n/a
Sixth Khagan of the Khitan Khaganate. Posthumously declared Huangdi in 4080TJH. Though not the founder of the Lin dynasty, he was given a temple name to imply he was as he laid the foundation for the conquest of Tianchao.

During his lifetime, even before his reign, he set his sights on conquering Tianchao (known as Tenger (ᠲᠩᠷᠢ) to the Khitai), torn asunder by the Seven Dynasties & Ten Kingdoms Period since the fall of the Mei dynasty. As soon as he became Khagan, he took advantage of the ongoing conflicts to invade Tianchao and secured much of the Liao, but he did not live do see his ambitions fulfilled. His reign and conquests were cut short when he was slain by an assassin on the eve of his planned invasion of the Zhongyuan region.

Altanzul Ayalguu
阿坦祖爾阿亞爾古
ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠨᠵᠤᠯ ᠠᠶᠠᠯᠭᠤ
Ayalguu Khan
ᠠᠶᠠᠯᠭᠤ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ
Huangdi Diqi Zuichu
第七最初皇帝
Zuangli
壯麗
Nait Khan
ᠨᠠᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ
4037–4111TJH 74yrs 4054–4111TJH
(as Khagan)

4076–4111TJH
(as Huangdi)

57yrs
Seventh Khagan of the Khitan Khagnate, eldest son of Zaluu Khan, and founder of the Lin dynasty.

Taking over where his father left off at the age of seventeen, he invaded Zhongyuan and Manzhou, conquering the rest of Tianchao and establishing the Lin dynasty as a division of the Khaganate.

With the entirety of what was then Tianchao secured – save for the Hang and Sang kingdoms, whose successor states would later go on to form Dongbalian – he declared himself hunagdi of Tianchao and claimed the Mandate of Heaven as the founder of the Lin dynasty.

Altanzul Jargaltai
阿坦祖爾賈爾加泰
ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠨᠵᠤᠯ ᠵᠢᠷᠭᠠᠯᠲᠠᠢ
Jargaltai Khan
ᠵᠢᠷᠭᠠᠯᠲᠠᠢ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ
[…]–[…]TJH 4111–4153TJH 42yrs
Second ruler of the Lin dynasty and eighth Khagan of Khitai.
Altanzul Khundet
阿坦祖爾昆德
ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠨᠵᠤᠯ ᠬᠦᠨᠳᠦᠳ
Khundet Khan
ᠬᠦᠨᠳᠦᠳ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ
[…]–[…]TJH 4153–4173TJH 20yrs
Third ruler of the Lin dynasty, and ninth and last Altanzul clan ruler of Khitai.

Due to a coup in Khitai, Khundet Khan's son and successor, Baatar Khan, was deprived of his position as Khagan of Khitai.

He was also the first huangdi of the Lin dynasty to actually rule it from a place in Zhongyuan, choosing the newly-founded Tovguren (ᠲᠥᠪᠭᠦᠷᠡᠨ), now known as Waiyang (外央), as his capital. This proved to be a contributing factor to the coup that saw his clan ousted from its position as Khagan of Khitai.

Altanzul Baatar
阿坦祖爾巴塔爾
ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠨᠵᠤᠯ ᠪᠠᠭᠠᠲᠤᠷ
Baatar Khan
ᠪᠠᠭᠠᠲᠤᠷ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ
[…]–[…]TJH 4173–4210TJH 37yrs
Fourth ruler of the Lin Dynasty.

Due to coup in Khitai before he was able to take the throne, his clan was ousted of its position as Khagan of Khitai by the Tsetsgiin (ᠴᠡᠴᠡᠭ ᠦᠨ) clan under Tuimer Khan (ᠲᠦᠢᠮᠡᠷ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ).

And so, Baatar Khan and his successors broke away from Khitai and ruled the Lin dynasty independently.

Altanzul Kunziin
阿坦祖爾昆濟寧
ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠨᠵᠤᠯ ᠺᠥᠩᠽᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ
Kunziin Khan
ᠺᠥᠩᠽᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ
Huangdi Yanjiuyuan
研究員皇帝
Zuihou
最後
Etssiin Khan
ᠡᠴᠦᠰ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ
[…]–4430TJH […]–4430TJH
Final ruler of the Lin dynasty.

Well known as a scholar and a pacifist, his reluctance to take armed action against rebels, preferring to find peaceful solutions, led him to be ousted from his throne by the Ang dynasty.

Shuang dynasty

A Xiongnu-ruled breakaway dynasty that seceded into independence from both the Lin dynasty and the Khitan Khaganate within months of the Altanzul clan's ousting from rulership of Khitai. It endured for the better part of five centuries contemporaneously with the Lin, Ang, Ting, and early-Lei dynasties, enduring many wars with both Tianchao and Khitai until it was finally reconquered by the Lei dynasty.

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
[…]–[…]TJH 4173–[…]TJH
[…]–[…]TJH […]–4641TJH

Ang dynasty

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Qiao Kuaili
俏快樂
Lingsheng
鈴聲
Huangdi Zhanshi
盎戰時帝
Jiuxing
救星
[…]–[…]TJH 4428–[…]TJH
Founder of the Ang dynasty, Huangdi Zhanshi is a mixed figure in Tianchao history. He's lauded as a liberator by those who disdained foreign rule over their country and restored Miao rule, but denounced as a usurper who took overthrew and killed a peaceful monarch by others.

The same year he toppled Kunziin Khan, he was forced to deal with the invasion of the Yamato Empire to the west, preventing him from restoring to Tianchao the way he envisioned.

[…]–[…]TJH […]–4523TJH

Ting dynasty

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
[…]–[…]TJH 4509–[…]TJH
[…]–[…]TJH […]–4576TJH

Lei dynasty

The only dwarf-ruled dynasty in the history of Tianchao, and the last non-human unity dynasty to rule Tianchao.

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Kuangshi Shujing
礦石水晶
Jiecheng
結成
Huangdi Geng
雷耿帝
[…]–[…]TJH 4576–[…]TJH
Founder of the Lei dynasty.

Descendant of powerful mining magnates, he was the King of Lei, and governor of Leizhou (雷州), during the Ting dynasty.

While dwarves had served in many powerful positions for thousands of years, he the first dwarf to rule the empire.

Kuangshi Can
礦石燦
Tiejiang
鐵匠
Huangdi Cheng
雷誠帝
Son of Huangdi Geng and the second ruler of the Lei dynasty. His first act was to move the imperial administration back to Tangzhai for the first time since the collapse of the Mei dynasty.
[…]–[…]TJH […]–4902TJH

Nao dynasty

A faun-ruled rebel dynasty during the Lei dynasty.

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
[…]–[…]TJH 4776–[…]TJH
[…]–[…]TJH […]–4802TJH

Dongji

A Xiongnu-ruled breakaway dynasty. It was reconquered by the Cui dynasty as it took over from the collapsing Lei dynasty.

Cui dynasty

Personal name Courtesy name Posthumous name Temple name Lifetime Reign Era Names
Sun Liu
笋留
Makan
嘛龛
Huangdi Shiwu
翠飾物帝
Xinjian
新建
4867–4933TJH
4446–4512AFZ
66yrs 4903–4933TJH 30yrs
Sun Mulan
笋木蘭
Bamei
八美
Huangdi Qiji
奇蹟
Zhepi
哲辟
4903–4961TJH
4482–4540AFZ
60yrs 4933–4958TJH 25yrs
Daughter of Huangdi Shiwu, and the last female ruler of Tianchao. She later abdicated in favor of her third son and chosen successor, Sun Zhuan.
Sun Zhuan
笋砖
Shuocan
箾摻
n/a n/a 4933TJH–still living
4512AFZ–still living
n/a 4958TJH–Incum n/a
Son of Huangdi Qiji, and the current ruler of Tianchao.

Notes & Trivia

  • The lifetime and reign years use the Miao calendar years. There is a 421-year difference between the Miao calendar and the Solramese calendar. I.e. 0TJH = 421BFZ.
  • The Miao characters of the posthumous names of rulers, if applicable, are the name of the dynasty, the name, and their title, in that order.
  • For huangdi whose reigns ended before they died, this is an indicator that they abdicated or were somehow deposed without being executed.
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