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Lingjiao

Lingjiao (灵教) is the collective term Miao religion & mythology. A follower of Lingjiao is called a Lingjiaozhe (灵教者).

The Miao culture of Marlakcor has a polytheistic collection of faiths and beliefs that are worshiped in different ways with different meanings. Some aspects of Miao mythology are also adopted and worshiped by the other ethnic groups of Marlakcor and the Genjin of Fuso.

Pantheon

Deities of Miao mythology include:
Name Representation, Description, Historicity & Other notes
Major/Central Deities
Yu Huangdi
玉皇帝
Jade Emperor
The ruler of Tian the supreme god of Miao mythology.
Huangdi
黃帝
Yellow Emperor
Also known as the Yellow Dragon (黃龍/Huang Long), The representation of earth (土) and the Center of the Divine Beasts.
Sun Wukong
孫悟空
Also known as the Monkey King.

He is also known as Son Goku by the Genjin of Fuso.

Other Deities
Canghai She
滄海蛇
Water God.

A sea monster resembling a serpent or dragon.

Gang De
鋼德
God of brotherhoods, martial power, and war.

A former lunaculus of Marlakcor, and a deified hero of the Four Kingdoms period.

Hun
Personification of Marlakcor/Tianxia.
Liaoyu Caoyao
療癒草藥
God of medicine
Ming
Goddess of the sea
Sheji
射擊
Archery deity.

Married to Shungye Xingti, the Goddess of the moons.

Shuangye Xingti
雙夜星體
Goddess of the moons.

The Miao believe her to be the mother of the moons.

Tiankong Shanyao
天空閃耀
God of the sun. Husband of Xiao Huiying.
Xiangliang Jizao
響亮急躁
God of thunder & lightning.

Sometimes equated with Takemikazuchi, the Genjin kami (god) of thunder and lighting.

Xiao Huiying
霄辉映
Goddess of the sun. Wife of Tiankong Shanyao.
Ziran Xinglian
自然型戀
God of love and sex
God of examinations
Miao woman who became a Goddess after raising five infant dragons.
God of wealth and merit
God of culture and literature
God of death
God of prosperity.
God of fire

Divine Beasts of Tianxia

One of two groups of high deities called the Divine Beasts, the Divine Beasts of Tianxia (Tianxia is a local name for Marlakcor) are a quartet of animal deities worshiped in Marlakcor, and to a similar extent by the Genjin of Fuso. Believed to be higher deities than the gods, and other deities, they are the guardians and divine governors of the continent of Marlakcor, and are also known as wardens of their spiritual direction and lords of a season. Each also represents one of the five elements in Miao culture; the exception is earth, which is instead represented by the Yellow Dragon, another great deity of Miao mythology. Along with the Miao, these deities are worshiped by the Genjin and Seomin, but under different names.

The four beasts are:
Beast Deity Title Element Other names:
Miao Genjin Seomin
Azure Dragon
青龍
Lord of Spring & Warden of the East
春季之王和東方守望者
Wood
Qinglong
青龍
Seiryu
青竜
Cheong-ryong
청룡
Vermilion Bird
朱雀
Lord of Summer & Warden of the South
夏季之王和南方守望者
Fire
Zhuque
朱雀
Suzaku
朱雀
Jujak
주작
White Tiger
白虎
Lord of Autumn & Warden of the West
秋季領主和西方守望者
Metal
Bai Hu
白虎
Byakko
白虎
Baekho
백호
Black Turtle
玄武
Lord of Winter & Warden of the North
冬季之王和北方守望者
Water
Xuanwu
玄武
Genbu
玄武
Hyeonmu
현무

Each divine beast is individually dedicated in an separate temple in the Four Holy Cities around Marlakcor. There is also a main temple dedicated to all four located in the city of Shenling in Tianchao. There are also similar temples on the island of Seinaru-shima (within the vicinity of Tenrai Fufu-no-Sodai Jiin) in Yamatai and in Hinomoto.

Baxian

The Baxian (八仙/Eight Immortals) are, according to traditional Miao belief, are a group of heroes who banished a great evil to the depths of the underworld. Each immortal also represents an aspect of nature (represented by a bagua trigram) and are represented with a special artifact and other things. Each also had one or two companion dragons.

Given that they are called immortals, many Miao philosophers debate whether they passed form the world or still exist while in hiding.

The founders of several dynasties of Tianchao and other great historical Miao figures claim decent from one or more of the Baxian.

The Baxian are:
Baxian Representation & Symbolism Dragons
Nature Symbol Trigram Symbol Element Personality Sacred Artifact Virtue – Sin
Han Xiangzi
韓湘子
Heaven
Metal
Philosopher Flute Faith –

Heresy

Tianlong
天龍
Zhongli Quan
鍾離權
Lake
Metal
Merrymaker Hand fan Abnegation – Envy Panlong & Feilong
蟠龍 & 飛龍
Lü Dongbin
呂洞賓
Fire
Fire
Sovereign Sword Chastity – Lust Zhulong
燭龍
Cao Guojiu
曹國舅
Thunder
Wood
General Castanet Humble – Vanity Shenlong
神龍
He Xiangu
何仙姑
Wind
Wood
Wise Lotus Dedication – Lazy Qinglong
青龍
Li Tieguai
李鐵拐
Water
Water
Pilgrim Calabash Temperance – Geedy Jiaolong & Dilong
蛟龍 & 地龍
Zheng Guolao
張果老
Mountain山 Earth
Warrior Hero Drum Patience – Wrath Fuzanglong
伏藏龍
Lan Caihe
藍采和
Earth
Earth
Feeler Flower Charity – Materialist Chilong
螭龍
Historicity & Other Notes He Xiangu is the only woman of the Baxian.

Miao Zodiac

Marlakcor Zodiac symbol

Symbol of the Miao Zodiac

The Miao Zodiac is the worship of twelve animals in a sequence. This faith is an element of Miao culture and is observed where it is dominant, including Huaxia (Tianchao & Dongbalian) and related countries.

This branch of Miao religion is governed from the main temple known as the Grand Temple of the Zodiac, but each animal has a separate main temple from which all smaller temples to the same animal are governed. Many Temples for each animal exist all across Marlakcor, and a few have sprung up in Long Qundao in Maritymir. This part of Miao faith is worshiped to a minor extent in Goryeo, and the Genjin of Fuso and Yamatai's possessions in Marlakcor, also follow the Zodiac to some degree.

Followers believe that the members of the Zodiac take turns overseeing the cosmos in the name of the Yu Huangdi each year in a 12-year cycle, and thus each year is named for that particular animal: the months of the Miao calendar are named for each animal as well.

Cycle Order Animal Attributes
Positive Negative
1 Shu

Rat
Quick-witted, resourceful, versatile, kind
2 Chun

Ox
Diligent, dependable, strong, determined
3 Hu

Tiger
Brave, confident, competitive
4 Tu

Rabbit
Quiet, elegant, kind, responsible
5 Long

Dragon
Confident, intelligent, enthusiastic
6 She

Snake
Enigmatic, intelligent, wise
7 Ma

Horse
Animated, active, energetic
8 Yang

Goat
Calm, gentle, sympathetic
9 Hou

Monkey
Sharp, smart, curiosity
10 Ji

Rooster
Observant, hardworking, courageous
11 Gou

Dog
Lovely, honest, prudent
12 Zhu

Pig
Compassionate, generous, diligent

Miao Demons

The Miao also recognize a number of demons.

Demon Ruler Notes
Huangdi Yanluo
閻羅帝
Ruler of the Diyu and demons in general. Overseer of the ten kings of hell
Kings of Hell
Title Family Name Notes
Wang Qinguang
秦廣王
Jiang
Wang Chujiang
楚江王
Li
Wang Songdi
宋帝王
Yu
Wang Wuguan
五官王
Lu
Wang Heijin
黑金王
Bao
Wang Biancheng
卞城王
Bi
Wang Taishan
泰山王
Dong
Wang Dushi
都市王
Huang
Wang Pingdeng
平等王
Lu
Wang Zhuanlun
轉輪王
Xue
Other Demons

Other Figures

Jingshen Xiaoxi & Minzhong Qingfu

Miao Yin Yang symbol

Symbol of Jingshen Xiaoxi & Minzhong Qingfu

Jingshen Xiaoxi (精神小溪) & Minzhong Qingren (民众情夫) are a pair of dragon deities who are the Miao venerations of Tallulah Michael and Xyliana Lucifer, figures of Septifidelity, respectively. They are viewed as the personification the concept of yin and yang, that everyone has of good and evil within them.

They are described as a pair of twin sister dragons born from the same egg. Jingshen Xiaoxi is described as a blue-scaled dragon with feathered wings, while Minzhong Qingfu is described as a red-scaled dragon with normal dragon wings.

They are especially popular in Dongbalian, who use their symbol as their coat of arms.

Xiangrikui Gongchen

Xiangrikui Gongchen (向日葵功臣): styled Shenxian (神仙), was the first lunaculus of Marlakcor. He is viewed in Miao faith as a representation of heroism and new beginnings.

Descendant Claimants

Many people and families claim descent from Xiangrikui Gongchen. This is partially because popular legend says that Xiangrikui Gongchen had at least a hundred children via numerous wives and lovers.

The founders of six different dynasties of Tianchao, one preimperial dynasty and five imperial dynasties, several imperial consorts, and several other great historical Miao figures, all claimed descent from him. Many of these lineages have branched out into various walks of life over the millennia while others have gone extinct. Whether or not these people were really distant progeny of Xiangrikui Gongchen is anyone's guess, but he remains a revered figure in Miao history, mythology and folklore, and his alleged descendants in turn.

Dynastic Founders
Dynasty Founding Huangdi
Personal Name Courtesy Name Posthumous Name Temple Name
Gao
Chajing Han
茶晶汗
Shangsheng
上升
Cuiruo
皋脆弱王
Xinjian
新建
Patriarch of the Chajing clan during the Predynastic Era. The Gao Dynasty is the only preimperial dynasty whose founder claims decent from Xiangrikui Gongchen.
Qiang
Ji Zheng
機政
Zhugong
主公
Chuangjian
强創見帝
Kaiguo
開國
United the nation as the first huangdi of "Tianchao," amidst a prolonged period of civil war, the Warring States Period, in the years preceding the end of the Predynastic Era.
Zhai
Wei Rang
為讓
Yingxiong
英雄
Tongyi
斎統一帝
Dazu
大祖
Kai
Tai Moshui
泰墨水
Dafang
大方
Wan
愷玩帝
Bianjian
變建
Mei
Luo Hao
蓏豪
Dangao
蛋糕
Ganju
梅柑橘帝
Xinzu
新祖
Cui
Sun Liu
笋留
Makan
嘛龛
Huangdi Shiwu
翠飾物帝
Xinjian
新建
Imperial Consorts
Consorts of various huangdi who made their mark on history.
Dynasty Personal Name Courtesy name Posthumous name Huangdi
Personal Name Courtesy name Posthumous name
Yue
Huyu Ying
冴羽瑩
Qixin
琪心
Huanghou San
傘皇后
Qingse Zai
青色崽
Zhuanglie
壯烈
Huangdi Yan
悦儼帝
Huanghou San was the fourth and final wife of Huangdi Yan, the third ruler of the Yue dynasty.

She is infamously known for instigating a feud between the sons of Huangdi Yan, both before and after his death, in a vain attempt to take the throne for herself. Her scheme failed when she was executed following a palace coup instigated by, Qingse Ding (青色丁): styled Nande (難得), Huangdi Yan's fourth son, who became the fourth ruler of the Yue dynasty, posthumously known as Huangdi Juexin (決心).

For her schemes, she was buried without honor, and her grave site remains unknown.

Zhai
Ying Saji
英薩基
Meigui
玫瑰
Huanghou Mingyuan
名媛皇后
Huangdi Rao
斎繞帝
Huanghou Mingyuan was born a slave girl who, when she was just thirteen, was recruited to the imperial harem as a concubine of Huangdi Rao, the seventh ruler of the Zhai dynasty.

She quickly incurred Huangdi Rao's favor and eventually became the legal wife of the huangdi following the ousting of her tyrannical predecessor, Huanghou Meiyong (玫永皇后): personal name Yi Nini (逸倪妮): styled Ziyang (字樣), two years after she entered the harem.

She is even more famously known for aiding Huangdi Rao in instigating reforms that aided many impoverished people in regaining their foothold in life in the wake of a recent famine, as well as fostering trade relations with the surrounding nations of the time, which kept the Zhai dynasty's golden age going strong.

Wei Diao (為掉): styled Miyao (密鑰), her second son by Huangdi Rao, favored by his father, succeeded Huangdi Rao to the throne upon the death of the latter, and was posthumously known as Huangdi Qingsong (斎輕鬆帝).

Mei
Ying Jiao
櫻蕉
Tianmei
太美
Huanghou Jinguo
金果皇后
Huangdi Xingshu
梅杏樹帝
Huanghou Jinguo was the second wife of Huangdi Xingshu, the fifth ruler of the Mei dynasty.
Luo Cheng
蓏橙
Fengmi
蜂蜜
Huanghou Tianshui
甜水皇后
Huangdi Fengli
梅鳳梨帝
Huanghou Tianshui was the third cousin and sole wife of Huangdi Fengli, the sixth ruler of the Mei dynasty.
Geng
Tu Lili
涂李莉
Chenluo
琛蓏
Huanghou Jiaoshi
教師皇后
Huangdi Cheng
耿誠帝
Huanghou Jiaoshi was the childhood friend and lifelong companion of Huangdi Cheng, the founder of the Geng dynasty.
Cui
Sun Ni
笋霓
Yunha
雲蛤
Huanghou Zhenbao
珍寶皇后
Sun Liu
笋留
Makan
嘛龛
Huangdi Shiwu
翠飾物帝
Huanghou Zhenbao was the first cousin and sole wife of Huangdi Shiwu, the founder of the Cui dynasty.
Other Prominent Claimants
Dynasty/
Kingdom/
Empire
Personal Name Courtesy Name Historicity & Other notes
Mo
Yuan Li
媛麗
Meiwu
美物
A powerful Miao sorceress who lived in the early Mo dynasty during the Predynastic Era. She founded Wushu Xueyuan (巫術學院), one of the oldest the most prestigious academies of magic in Tianchao.
Bao
Lan Mi
藍米
Luping
綠蘋
The last queen of Bao, a kingdom of the Warring States Period. She was also an alleged descendant of Lan Caihe, one of the Eight Immortals.

She tried to bring the era of war and chaos to an end by peaceful means, only to be assassinated by her own subordinates on her way to an inter-kingdom summit, whom then gave her kingdom up to the newly-proclaimed Qiang dynasty.

Yong Zhai
永斎
Fanwei Mingzhi
範圍明智
Tiancai
天才
Genius strategist that served Wei San and Yong Zhai Kingdom during the Four Kingdoms period.
Kai
Yang Xiang
养像
Xiangka
湘卡
Trusted subordinate and sworn brother of Tai Ji (泰急): styled Haojin (耗尽): formally titled Wangzi Rongbei of Yi (以荣北王子), one of the leading participants of the War of the Twelve Princes during the Kai dynasty.
Yisang Yao
以嗓咬
Taohao
淘号
Warlord of the Twenty Kingdoms Period.
Jia, later Sen
嘉, later 森
Zan Lin
贊霖
Tiemei
鐵玫
General of the Jia dynasty, whom helped Huangdi Bo overthrow the tyrannical Huangdi Guaiwu and the Qiu dynasty.

She later sided with the breakaway Sen dynasty during the War of the Seven Emperors.

Lin

ᠯᠢᠩᠨ
Tao Lang
涛浪
Gonglu
功率
A subordinate of Huangdi Qishi (琳騎士帝)/Nait Khan (ᠨᠠᠢ ᠳᠤ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ), the founder of the Lin dynasty.
Yamatai Akimoto no Kuma
秋元の熊
n/a Founder and first daimyo of the Akimoto clan (a cadet branch the Miao Qiuyuan clan), a clan of Miao-Genjin origin in the Morokoshi provinces of the Yamato.

Born under the name Qiuyuan Xiong (秋元熊), when the Empire of Yamatai invaded western Marlakcor during the Ang dynasty, Akimoto no Kuma collaborated with the invading Yamato, providing weapons, funds, and soldiers. For his service, he and his descendants were granted a large estate to rule.

Dongbalian Li Mulan
李木蘭
Jiuxing
救星
A peasant woman born in former Daludao, whom was captured during the Roman invasion and made a slave. She later escaped to Dongbalian and became a general who turned the tide of war against the Romans.
Geng
Xiangrikui Haiyu
向日葵海域
Miku
密哭
A politician of the early Geng dynasty. The only known descendant with a trusted record of lineage to Xiangrikui Gongchen, and the only known one to share his name. His family and ancestors, whom also share the Xiangrikui name, remained in obscurity until he offered his serviced to the Geng dynasty. His family has maintained an estate in a valley nestled in a mountain range in northeastern Zhongyuan for millennia, since at least the fifth generation after Xiangrikui Gongchen's time.

Notes & Trivia

  • While Lingjiao is based off traditional Chinese faiths, most of the names of the listed deities in the pantheon and elsewhere did not came from Chinese folklore.
    • The only ones that did are the Jade Emperor, the Yellow Emperor, and the Monkey King.
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