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As a result of the dynastic cycle influenced by a religiopolitical concept known as the Mandate of Heaven (天命/Tianming), Tianchao has gone through many periods of chaotic division, fractured into separate independent states and rival dynasties as a result of wars of succession, rebellions for independence, or other crises many times in the past.

Warring States Period

The political map of the Warring States in central Zanghuan for the majority of the period, before the fall and annexation of Mei Kingdom, Wu Principality, Xiao Kingdom by Hong Kingdom.

The Warring States (戰國/Zhanguo) (101TJQ – 5TJH (106yrs)) was a period of constant fighting between the states of central Zanghuan in the final century of the Mei dynasty, the final dynasty of the Predynastic Era. The period ended with the conquest of all other states by the Kingdom of Qiang and the founding of Tianchao under the Qiang dynasty.

Historians traditionally consider the defeat, capitulation and annexation of Hong Kingdom following the merge of Qiang and Bao Kingdoms through marriage as the official beginning of the Qiang dynasty. A couple years prior to that, Hong had conquered Mei, Wu and Xiao and seemed prime to dominate, only for their fortunes to reverse from the sudden alliance between Bao and Qiang Kingdoms.

Once Hong Kingdom and its conquered lands had been secured by the Qiang–Bao alliance, the marriage alliance between the two kingdoms was soon finalized. Bao Kingdom was annexed by Qiang and, in the aftermath of Hong Kingdom's capitulation, the Qiang dynasty was proclaimed. Over the coming years, Qiang continued to unite the land by diplomacy and conquest – mostly the latter – until the lands of the former Mei dynasty and more were under the Qiang banner. In 5TJH, Qiu Kingdom was the last to fall.

States of the Warring States period:
Kingdom Origin of Name Ruling Family Flag/Emblem
Major States
These states were the major contenders of the Warring States.
Bao
Noble Title Lan
Both before and during the Warring States period, Bao was unique among the major states in that it was ruled by wanghou (王后/queens) with the throne passed matrilineally. This practice would not be resurrected until the Jing dynasty.

Merged with the Kingdom of Qiang through a marriage alliance in the face of invasion from the Hong Kingdom.

Cui
Tribe Name & Noble title Ping
Also called Gu Cui (古翠) by historians to distinguish it from the modern dynasty.

Was annexed by the Qiang dynasty by diplomatic means following the defeat, capitulation and annexation of Hong Kingdom.

Feng
Tribe name
Guang
Noble Title Tan
Hong
Tribe Name & Noble title Chi
Late the period, Hong Kingdom, after managing to conquer Mei, Wu and Xiao, seemed prime to dominate until the death of its last wang in battle against the alliance of Qiang and Bao.
Huang
Tribe Name & Noble title Hao
Also known as Hao Huang (濠黃) to differentiate it from the later self proclaimed dynasty during the Wars at the End of the Zhai Dynasty before the Four Kingdoms period.

Following the peaceful annexation of Cui, Huang was next kingdom to be conquered by the armies of the Qiang dynasty.

Huo
Tribe name
Mei
Noble Title Xi
Mei dynasty flag.png
Mei Kingdom was a kingdom of magic that today is the namesake of one of the provinces of Tianchao. Conquered by Hong Kingdom.
Qiang
Tribe Name & Noble title Zhi, later Jian
治, → 劍
Qiang Kingdom flag.png
Originally a vassal of Mei kingdom at the height of the Mei dynasty's power.
Qiu
Tribe Name & Noble title Mian
Also called Mian Qiu (面虯) to distinguish it from the later Xiyi-ruled dynasty. At first it showed strength when it conquered Sou Kingdom, but Qiu Kingdom was later conquered by Qiang dynasty when it's last wang was killed in battle.

The last of the states to fall to the Qiang dynasty.

Shui
Tribe name Han
Sou
Tribe name Fei
Conquered by Qiu Kingdom at roughly the same time as the proclamation of the Qiang dynasty.
Tu
Tribe name
Xiao
Tribe name Yige
一個
Minor states
The states that had little influence or were vassals.
Cao
Noble Title Pi
Vassal of Qiang
Xiao Guang
小光
Toponym Xiaotan
小談
Vassal of the main Guang Kingdom. Styled a "Gongguo (公國/Duchy)". The ruling family was a cadet branch of the Tan clan.
He
Toponym
Vassal of Shui
Liu
Tribe name Beijian
倍件
Vassal of Qiang
Mai
Tribe name
Shu
Toponym
Vassal of the Mei dynasty until it fell to Hong Kingdom. Became a vassal of Feng for protection until its capitulation to Qiang Kingdom.
Sun
Noble Title
Vassal of Qiang
Wei
Tribe name Diao
調
Vassal of Cui
Wu
Noble Title
Vassal of Mei. Styled a "Gongguo."
Xing
Noble Title

Fan–Chang Contention

The Fan and Chang dynasties at the beginning of the war.

The Fan–Chang Contention (飯與昌爭辯/Fan yu Chang Zhengbian) (138 – 141TJH (3yrs)) was a civil war at the end of the short-lived Fan dynasty – which succeeded the Qiang dynasty – between the incumbent regime and the declared Chang dynasty. Ended with the collapse of the Fan dynasty when its sole huangdi abdicated.

While the two regimes were competing for supremacy, some minor warlords were also contending for influence. Most of said warlords chose sides as the war seemed to near its conclusion.

Imperial Schism

The Imperial Schism (帝國分裂/Diguo Fenlie) (296 – 302TJH (6yrs)) was a massive civil war that erupted as a power struggle involving a three-generation-old split in the imperial line of the Chang dynasty. The war began when a member of a cadet branch declared himself huangdi of the self-proclaimed Can dynasty.

End of the Zhai Dynasty

The End of the Zhai dynasty (斎朝末年/Zhaichao Monian) (c. 1504 – 1539TJH (35years)) was a period of constant fighting between regional warlords that happened as the the Zhai dynasty, the dynasty which saw the legal adoption of Tianchao as the name of the empire, came to a close.

The Zhai dynasty was one of Tianchao's golden ages up until at least a generation prior to this period. By this time Tianchao controlled the central southern lands of Pianpilu and was just dipping its toes into Guangdai (said territories were lost during the period but were reconquered during the later Xuan dynasty). The origins of the period take root some years prior the final Zhai huangdi's abdication.

During and in the wake of a nationwide uprising known as the Heijin zhi Luan (黑巾之亂/Black Turban Rebellion), the power of the huangdi diminished into the hands of regional warlords, squabbling court officials and then a tyrannical chengxiang.

The rebellion was allegedly contrived by the Hanluan Jundi (混亂軍隊/Chaos Army), the Tianzu branch of the Chaos Order. The rebellion was defeated after three years of war, but the order never planned on victory; the goal of the rebellion was destablizing the empire to the point of destruction, and the death of Huangdi Zhixu (斎秩序皇帝); personal name Wei Chong (薇衝), in the final battle came as an added bonus for them. The order did have a plan in place in the event of victory, but never intended to use it.

The tyrannical chengxiang is known to history as Huai Gui (壞鬼): styled Yaoguai (妖怪). Huai Gui ascended to power when he, on the advice of another general and statesman, brought his army into the capital to eliminate the court eunuchs who were usurping the power of the imperial court. Said eunuchs had been amassing political power and privilege for themselves since the early days of the reign of Huangdi Zhixu, but were kept in check by their huangdi's charisma. They used his death at the end of the Heijin zhi Luan two years before to fully consolidate the power of the court around themselves and deprive the young, new and inexperienced ruler of actual power. The new Huangdi of Tianchao, Wei Sui (薇歲); posthumous name: Huangdi Zhamen (斎閘門皇帝), was powerless to do anything and spent the two years of his reign practically under house arrest, with only a few generals and officials loyal to him keeping him apprised of the situation.

With his loyal army and retainers backing him, Huai Gui succeeded in taking the capital and eliminating the eunuchs, but he immediately showed his true colors when he proceeded to assassinate Huangdi Zhamen and his loyalists. He then enthroned Zhamen's younger brother, the seven-year-old Wei Anzi (薇安子): styled Chunjie (純潔), posthumous name: Huangdi Ang (斎昂皇帝), though the child huangdi was little more than a puppet. Through Huangdi Ang, Huai Gui was in effective control of the court and the empire, making him huangdi in all but name.

A punitive expedition against Huai Gui was initiated by a coalition of twenty regional warlords, most of whom were either military veterans – some of whom took part in defeating the Heijin zhi Luan – or powerful noblemen, but said coalition fell apart after just a few victories. This was mainly in part because each warlord had their own agendas and ambitions, leading them to scheme against each other. Worse yet, only a few of them had any intention of trying to restore the Zhai dynasty to glory; the rest sought to carve out a piece of the empire for themselves in the chaos they knew was to follow.

With Huai Gui's tyranny rampant, the dynasty faltered into the chaos of civil war between dozens of regional warlords – mostly the ones who participated in the coalition, but also some others – in a bid for power and hegemony over the realm. Even Huai Gui's eventual public assassination three years after the coalition fell apart – at the hands of his adopted son and future warlord Guan Zhi (灌質): styled Qingting (蜻蜓) – which just in time prevented him from usurping the throne, did nothing to quell the unrest. Even more so since Guan Zhi, the greatest warrior of his time and supreme commander of the Zai army under Huai Gui, wasted no time in taking over the government.

Following his assassination of Huai Gui, Guan Zhi took over as regent of Huangdi Ang and ruled like a military dictatorship with the army to enforce his rule, defeating all opponents, including Huai Gui's old loyalists and sycophantic followers, until he held sole authority over the court. Self-titling himself Zuigao Siling (最高司令/Supreme Commander), he ruled for six years until he was outwitted and defeated in battle by another major warlord named Kong Song (孔嵩).

Immediately following the execution of Guan Zhi, Huangdi Ang came under control of Kong Song, who used the huangdi and his new status as the chengxiang and the new head of the Zhai central government as a basis to assume control the rest of Tianchao as the de facto ruler of the empire. Many warlords resisted this and soon Kong Song was waging campaigns against them to restore central authority.

Over the course of at least at least three decades (historians debate the actual duration), most of the warlords fell to one another or vanished into obscurity until Tianchao was split into a quadripartite as power was consolidated into a delicate and fragile balance between four warlords heading their individual states: Gan, Yong Zhai, Lu, & Zan.

During the conflicts before the rise of the four kingdoms, three warlords, at different times, had the audacity to proclaim themselves huangdi of new dynasties. Two were defeated, while the third died before he could make good on his promise ot reunite Tianchao under a new dynasty.

  • The first warlord was a female outlaw warlord known as Lin Lin (霖琳): styled Reqing (熱情), and she declared herself huanghou of the short-lived Fei dynasty, posthumously known by her followers as Huangdi Liang of Fei (匪亮皇帝).
    • Her rationale for proclaiming the dynasty was her coming into possession of the imperial seal, which she actually stole from the capital when she and her bandit army sacked it while Guan Zhi was away warring with Kong Song. Lin Lin's self-proclaimed dynasty was defeated by a new coalition after only five years on her self-proclaimed throne. While the imperial seal was recovered, Lin Lin vanished following her final defeat and was never seen again.
  • The second was Xin Zhujiao (信主教): styled Jiaohuang (教皇), a religious leader-turned-warlord, who proclaimed himself huangdi of the Huang dynasty (also known as Xin Huang (信黃) to differentiate it from the Warring States kingdom of the same name), posthumously known by his followers as Huangdi Jiuzhu of Huang (黃救主皇帝).
    • Devoted to Linglun faith and loved by his people, his rationale for proclaiming his dynasty was that the Zhai dynasty had long-since lost the Mandate of Heaven and that he had received a vision from the gods saying that it had been granted to him for the purpose of saving the nation from self-destruction. He died of illness a year and a half following his declaration. Passing on without an heir, his court quickly collapsed and his army scattered.
  • The third was San Yinghao (傘英豪): styled Lijie (禮節), an ethnic Senzai warlord from the Dianqing (靛青) peninsula, who proclaimed himself huangdi of the Dian dynasty, posthumously known by his followers as Huangdi Jingling of Dian (靛精靈皇帝).
    • His rationale for proclaiming his dynasty remains unknown to history. He intended on conquering the rest of Tianchao, but his self-proclaimed dynasty was defeated by Kong Song and his armies following a successful invasion and reconquest of the peninsula two years later. San Yinghao himself was captured and executed. His heirs were spared, but were forced to serve the Kong-controlled Zhai court.
Prominent warlords and their vassals of the era
Warlords
Promienent clans
Names Clan Notes, Fate & Legacy
Personal Courtesy
Chan Kan
纏看
Yingxiong
英雄
Chan clan Participated in the Coalition against Huai Gui. Died at the Battle of Anbian following the coalition's failure. Succeeded by his eldest daughter, Chan Ming. Posthumously honored as Huangdi Ge of Zan (攢鴿皇帝), with the temple name Dazu, following Chan Yue's founding of Zan Kingdom
Chan Ming
纏名
Nujie
女傑
Daughter of Chan Kan. Suceeded her father afte his death.

Assassinated by unknown assailents. Suceeded by her younger brother, Chan Yue. Posthumously honored as Huangdi Tian of Zan (攢甜皇帝) following Chan Yue's founding of Zan Kingdom.

Chan Yue
纏越
Shijian
時間
Son & younger brother of late warlords Chan Kan & Chan Ming respectively. Suceeded Chan Ming upon her death. Later founding huangdi of Zan. Died of old age.
Yin Mao
銀毛
Shashou
殺手
Yin clan Original founder and leader of the Coalition against Huai Gui and half-brother of Yin Ming.

Defeated in battle by Kong Song and later died of his injuries.

Survived by his four sons, who fought each other later and were too defeated by Kong Song.

Yin Ming
銀瞑
Nenya
嫩芽
Half-brother of Yin Mao. Died of his wounds following a defeat against Yin Mao.

Survived by his three sons and two daughters, all of whom pledged fealty to Kong Song.

Kong Song
孔嵩
Zhengke
政客
Kong clan Chengxiang of Zhai. Died of old age. Posthumously honored as Huangdi Meng of Gan (感猛皇帝) with the temple name Yaozu.
Kong Hao
孔好
Youya
幽雅
Son of Kong Song. Chengxiang of Zhai following Kong Song's death. Later the first huangdi of Gan. Died of illness.
Wei San
薇散
Sangjian
桑劍
Wei clan A warlord of humble origins of the preceding civil wars and a distant relative of Wei Anzi, hailed as the "Imperial Uncle." Imperial scion of the imperial house of the Zhai dynasty. Huangdi of Yong Zhai. Died of illness.
Wei Ru
薇儒
Xuezhe
學者
Governor of Kaizhou (a now-defunct province), a distant member of the imperial family, and a participant in the Coalition Against Huai Gui. He defended Kaizhou against all invaders, in particular the Chan of Zan, until his death.

His sons fought each other for succession following his death.

In the end:

  • The eldest son, Wei Guan (薇罐), died in battle after seeking aide from Chan Yue to repel Kong Song's invasion.
  • The middle son, Wei Xin (薇鋅), after losing a decisive battle against the followers of the Ming clan, fled to Wei San and served Yong Zhai until the abdication of Huangdi Wei Fu.
  • The youngest son, Wei Bo (薇鉑), influenced by the nominally subordinate but manipulative Ming clan, was annointed as Wei Ru's official successor, joined Kong Song and served Gan Kingdom until his death.

This event split Kaizhou in two until the end of the Four Kingdoms period.

Xue Tai
學鈦
Tangling
糖零
Xue clan First huangdi of Lu Kingdom.
Xue Han
學含
Bingzhen
冰鎮
Son of Xue Tai and the second and last huangdi of Lu Kingdom. Died of old age following abdication.
Others
Huai Gui
壞鬼
Yaoguai
妖怪
An ethnic Senzai warlord from southern Pianpilu. Tyrannical Chengxiang of Zhai following the Heijin zhi Luan. Assassinated by Guan Zhi.
Nai Xiao
鼐肖
Heyi
盒依
Originally a vassal of Wei San before striking out on his own. Died in the Battle of Lanjing against Yin Mao.
Lin Lin
霖琳
Reqing
熱情
Declared herself huanghou of the self-proclaimed Fei dynasty. Vanished following final defeat. Posthumously known by her followers as Huangdi Liang of Fei (匪亮皇帝).
Guan Zhi
灌質
Qingting
蜻蜓
Adopted son of Huai Gui. The greatest warrior of his time and supreme commander of the Zhai army under Huai Gui. Later publically assassinated Huai Gui.

Took over the Zhai government following the death of Huai Gui and ruled as a military dictatorship for six years, self-titled Zuigao Siling (最高司令/Supreme Commander).

Defeated and captured by Kong Song at the Battle of Yintalou. Executed following his defeat.

Shenji Rui
身幾瑞
Jinjiang
金匠
Originally vassal of the Kong clan of Gan and regent of the kingdom during the reign of the last huangdi of Gan. He usurped the Kong clan and abolished Gan Kingdom to found the Xuan dynasty.
Da Nai
答奈
Yihe
易合
Fei Mei
飛美
Kaihua
開花
A female warlord and a participant in the Coalition against Huai Gui.

Following the tyannical chengxiang's death, she conquered almost half of then Tianchao and seemed prime to dominate the empire – even become huanghou – until she was defeated by Kong Song.

Dying childless (though it was rumored she was pregnant at the time of her death), her domain fell apart between her former subordinates, who became warlords competing to either succeed her legacy or become hegemon themselves.

Liang Dan
糧啖
Canyin
餐飲
Participant in the Coalition Against Huai Gui.

Known for his gluttony, he instituted policies in his domain solely for the purpose of feeding his vanity and coffers, causing his people to suffer.

He was assassinated by his own subordinates when Kong Song made them an offer they not only couldn't refuse and were only too willing to accept.

Zao Richao
造日超
Jingji
競技
Dan Fu
膽佛
Chengzhi
誠摯
Xin Zhujiao
信主教
Jiaohuang
教皇
A religious leader-turned warlord. Later declared himself huangdi of the self-proclaimed Huang dynasty. Died of illness a year and a half following his declaration. Posthumously known by his followers as Huangdi Jiuzhu of Huang (黃救主皇帝).
San Yinghao
傘英豪
Lijie
禮節
Ethnic Senzai warlord from the Dianqing peninsula. Proclaimed himself huangdi of the self-proclaimed Dian dynasty. Captured and executed following his final defeat. Posthumously known by his followers as Huangdi Jingling of Dian (靛精靈皇帝).
Prominent Subordinates
Names Master Notes & Fate
Personal Courtesy
Yinghua Meigui
英華玫瑰
Lican
麗璨
Guan Zhi Wife of Guan Zhi. Widely regarded as the the most beautiful woman of her time.

Granddaughter Yinghua Kui (英華葵), an official of the Zhai court, she schemed with him to sow discord between Guan Zhi and Huai Gui and have the former assassinate the tyrant, by having her presented as a concubine of the huangdi that Huai Gui would take for himself.

The plan that succeeded, but, against the expectations of Yinghua Kui, Guan Zhi took over the government and ruled as a military dictator.

By that time, Yinghua Meigui had fallen in love with Guan Zhi and supported everything he did, turing a deaf ear to her grandfather's complaints until he took it so far she had him executed for treason.

Yinghua Meigui took her own life when Kong Song executed her husband.

Shenji Jian
身幾檢
Piaobo
漂泊
Kong Song Closest advisor of Kong Song.

Regent of Gan during the reign of Kong Su (孔素) of Gan, the penultimate huangdi of Gan.

Died of old age.

Grandfather of Shenji Rui, the founder of the Xuan dynasty.

Posthumously honored Huangdi Huanyuan of Xuan (軒還原皇帝) with the temple name Dazu.

Huan Hao
換號
Shuzhao
數找
Xue Tai
Gang De
鋼德
Yongling
永靈
Wei San Sworn brother of Wei San. Abjaksan of Marlakcor in his time. Died in the Battle of Jinghai.
He Gan
河紺
Fengbao
風暴
Sworn brother of Wei San. Died of illness.
Wen Li
聞李
Ningjing
寧靜
Sworn sister of Wei San. Died in childbirth.
Fanwei Mingzhi
範圍明智
Tiancai
天才
Master strategist, chengxiang of Yong Zhai and alleged descendant of Xiangrikui Gongchen. Died of old age.

After the death of Wei San and his sworn brothers and sworn sister, Fanwei Mingzhi kept Yong Zhai going on behalf of Wei Fu until his own death in 1564TJH, an event that most historians regard as the beginning of the end for Yong Zhai.

Wei Fu
薇福
Longta
龍獺
Second son of Wei San. Became huangdi of Yong Zhai following his father's death.
Kong Zao
孔早
Danliang
膽量
Nephew of Kong Song and a rival of Kong Hao to succeed the chengxiang's legacy.

Following a political purge in the wake of Kong Hao's ascension to emperorship and the founding of Gan Kingdom, he defected to Yong Zhai and served until he died in battle.

Yue Liu
月懰
Chanjuan
嬋娟
A female warlord-turned-vassal.

A distant cousin and subordinate of the female warlord Fei Mei, Yue Liu rose to prominence following the death of Fei Mei. Yue Liu was one of only a handful of warlords who managed to fight Kong Song's armies to a stalemate.

She later became a vassal and trusted general of Wei San following a decisive defeat in battle against the forces of Xue Han, whom annexed her lands following her defeat.

She loyally served Yong Zhai with distinction until her death.

Four Kingdoms

The Four Kingdoms upon Zan Kingdom's declaration.

The Four Kingdoms (四國/Siguo) (1539 – 1589TJH (50yrs)) commenced with the end of the Zhai dynasty.

Following the death of Kong Song, who by then had assumed the title of King of Gan and controlled a great portion of the empire of the time, the Zhai dynasty finally ended with the forced abdication of Huangdi Ang to Kong Hao (孔好), Kong Song's son and successor.

Later the rulers of the other three kingdoms, one after another, declared themselves huangdi of the territories they had conquered in the preceding years, igniting a new but different struggle for power: the reunification of the country under one dynasty.

The era ended when the four kingdoms were conquered by the newly proclaimed Xuan dynasty, which was proclaimed following the overthrow of Gan by the Shenji clan.

States of the Four Kingdoms
Kingdom Tenure Founder Final Ruler
Name Ruling Family
Surname Race Ethnicity
Gan
Kong
Human Gao 1539 – 1581TJH 42yrs Huangdi Gengxin
更新皇帝
Kong Jiong
孔炯
Gan Kingdom – also known as Kong Gan (孔感) or Northern Gan (北感/Bei Gan) – was the first to declare its own emperorship after Kong Hao – posthumous name: Huangdi Gengxin of Gan – forced Huangdi Ang to abdicate to him, ending the Zhai dynasty.
  • Gan Kingdom had five huangdi during its 42-year reign, as Kong Hao and his successors had a history of myriad health problems that resulted in early deaths and a rapid succession of huangdi. Historians believe that said health problems were resultant of the incestuous inbreeding practices of the Kong clan (wedding siblings and first cousins) going back a least six generations prior to Kong Song's time.
    • Consequently, this also resulted in the Shenji clan, longtime subordinates of the Kong clan, in amassing more and more power until they reigned as regents for the final two huangdi.

Seven years after conquering Yong Zhai, Gan was usurped by the Xuan dynasty under Shenji Rui (身幾瑞) – posthumous name: Shanyu (軒善于皇帝) – following the forced abdication of Huangdi Kong Jiong.

  • Shenji Rui was the grandson of Shenji Jian (身幾檢), whom was the closest advisor to Chengxiang Kong Song. Starting from the reign of Kong Hao, Shenji Jian descreetly laid the foundation for the Shenji to ascend to power.
  • With the Shenji clan firmly in power, the new Xuan dynasty proceeded to conquer Lu and Zan.
Yong Zhai
永斎
Wei
Human Gao 1539 – 1574TJH 35yrs Huangdi Qianbei
永斎謙卑皇帝
Huangdi Heshan
永斎和善皇帝
Yong Zhai Kingdom, also known, uncommonly, as Southern Zhai (南斎/Nan Zhai), was the second kingdom to declare emperorship, yet it was founded as a succession to the Zhai dynasty.

The founder of Yong Zhai was a scion of the imperial family with the intent of restoring the dynasty proper. The founder added the prefix "Yong" to the name of the kingdom not only to distinguish it from the dynasty proper but also to signify his intentions to restore the Zhai dynasty to full glory.

Wei San passed on from illness in 1552TJH. His chosen successor was his second son Wei Fu (薇福): styled Longta (龍獺), posthumous name: Huangdi Heshan.

With the conquest of Yong Zhai by Gan – which concluded with Wei Fu's abdication following Yong Zhai's last defeat at the Battle of Nanting – it was the first kingdom to fall, ending the last vestiges of the Zhai dynasty for good and dashing any hopes of restoration. Despite abdicating his position, Wei Fu was named a Taishang Huangdi and given an imperial posthumous name upon his death.

Lu
Xue
Faun Gao 1540 – 1588TJH 48yrs Xue Tai
學鈦
Xue Han
學含
Lu Kingdom, also known as Xue Lu (學露) or Eastern Lu (東露/Dong Lu), as it was the easternmost of the four kingdoms. Lu was also the only kingdom whose ruler was a race other than a human, a faun in this case.

Although it was the third kingdom to declare an emeprorship, Lu was really only following suit to the previous two declarations and pretty much stayed out of the conflict between the three other states. Additionally, while Zan resisted Xuan to its last breath, Lu's second, and last, huangdi willingly abdicated rather than risk a subtantial loss of life. Said huangdi is known to history as Xue Han (學含), whom took over from his father, Xue Tai (學鈦), at the age of sixteen when the latter died of old age.

Zan
Chan
Human Gao 1546 – 1589TJH 43yrs Huangdi Jinyue
攢勁樂皇帝
Huangdi Haolong
攢好龍皇帝
Zan Kingdom, also known as Chan Zan (纏攢) or Gao Zan (皋攢) to distinguish it from the later Tonglu-ruled dynasty of the later Medieval Imperial Era, was the westernmost of the four kingdoms. Zan's ruler was he last one to declare himself huangdi.

For a several years, the King of Zan, Chan Yue (纏越), later known as Huangdi Jinyue of Zan, submitted to Gan Kingdom as a vassal in the face of the aggression of Yong Zhai Kingdom over past disputes, but proclaimed emperorship in the wake of the death of Kong Dong (孔懂) – the second huangdi of Gan – at the Battle of Hongdu against Yong Zhai.

Zan Kingdom was the last to declare emperorship and the last fall, resisting submission to the Xuan dynasty to its last breath, when Huangdi Haolong of Zan, aka Chan Jieji (纏傑基), Zan's fourth and final huangdi, died in the final battle against Xuan forces.

Crisis of the Twentieth Century

Crisis of the 20th Century close up.png

The Crisis of the Twentieth Century (二十世紀的危機/Ershi Shiji de Weiji) (1941 – 1997TJH (56yrs)) was a result of a power struggle within the Imperial House of Huang of the Hun dynasty – the only unified vampire-ruled dynasty in Tianzu history – known to history as the Six Years & Ten Emperors (六年及十皇帝/Liu Nian ji Shi Huangdi). As a result of the breakdown of imperial authority, Tianchao broke into three empires competing for supremacy: Jian, Zhao & the Hun dynasty itself.

Peace was finally restored when the Hun dynasty, restored to stability, reconquered the breakaways just a few before the new millennium (by the Luan calendar).

Also called the Crisis of the Sixteenth Century among Eurodyne historians.

The breakaway dynasties of the Crisis of the Twentieth Century
Dynasty Tenure Founder Final Ruler
Name Ruling family
Surname Race Ethnicity
Jian
Tang
Human Gao 1941 – 1997TJH 56yrs
Zhao
Yan
Vampire Gao 1944 – 1991TJH 47yrs Yan Tang
眼糖

War of the Twelve Princes

The War of the Twelve Princes (十二王子之戰/Shi'er Wangzi zhi Zhan) (2575 – 2588TJH (13yrs)) was a series of devastating civil wars that occurred during the Kai dynasty – which succeeded the Hun dynasty and, up till then, was one of Tianchao's golden ages – and lasted for thirteen years. The twelve wangzi in question – four of whom were wangfei, contrary to the name of the conflict – fought each other for control of the empire.

Although called the War of the Twelve Princes, it's somewhat of a misnomer: rather than one continuous conflict, the War of the Twelve Princes saw intervals of peace interposed with short and intense periods of internecine conflict. At no point in the whole conflict were all of the twelve wangzi on one or multiple sides of the fighting.

The wars occurred during the reign of the mentally incompetent Huangdi Tai Bing (泰兵): styled Bangshou (幫手), posthumous name: Huangdi Ju (愷句皇帝). Huangdi Ju was developmentally disabled and could not effectively rule. Throughout his reign, there was constant internecine fighting between regents, imperial wangzi (his siblings, uncles, cousins), and his wife Huanghou Mihan Keyi (米晗可以皇後) for the right to control him (and therefore the imperial administration), causing great suffering for the people and greatly undermining the stability of the Kai regime. Most historians believe and agree that Mihan Keyi provoked the wars between the twelve wangzi in an vain, foolish, and ill-fated attempt to establish supreme hegemony over the realm from behind the throne, or perhaps even usurp the throne herself.

Most of the fighting was either to establish regency over Huangdi Ju or remove Huanghou Keyi from power; but, two of the Wangzi had to audacity to attempt to usurp the throne for themselves when they drove the court from the capital. However, their reigns were brief and are not traditionally counted among the official list of huangdi stored in the imperial archives.

Another important figure of the time was Huang-Taihou Ming Ye (鳴也皇太後): styled Soujia (艘家), second wife of the previous ruler, Huangdi Songhan (愷嵩涵皇帝), and the mother of Huangdi Ju. She sensed that Huanghou Keyi was attempting to usurp power by provoking conflict between the wangzi and wangfei and tried to defuse the sitiation before it got out of hand. Tragically, she was assassinated by poison within two years after the conflicts started.

The Twelve Wangzi of the period were
Prince(ss) Relation to Huangdi Ju Notes & Fate
Name Style Title
Tai Aimi
泰愛米
Jingling
精灵
Qinyi Wumei Wangfei
秦怡嫵媚王妃
Princess Wumei of Qinyi
Aunt Imprisoned. Released after conflicts & exiled.
Tai Bian
泰便
Yongrong
雍容
Tiao Kanzhi Wangzi
條看直王子
Prince Kanzhi of Tiao
Uncle Executed.
Tai Caojin
泰曹金
Songhao
嵩号
Shangui Hao Wangzi
善鬼号王子
Prince Hao of Shangui
Older brother Killed in Battle.
Tai Fang
泰房
Xiaotao
笑套
Rongying Piao Wangzi
荣膺漂王子
Prince Piao of Rongying
Second cousin Imprisoned. Died in prison
Tai Han
泰喊
Gongtai
攻台
Nanzhou Yuji Wangzi
南粥預計王子
Prince Yuji of Nanzhou
Uncle Declared himself huangdi. Executed.
Tai Jiji
泰急擊
Haojin
耗尽
Yi Rongbei Wangzi
以荣北王子
Prince Rongbei of Yi
Killed in Battle.
Tai Lin
泰霖
Jiaying
嘉硬
Puzhang Meiji
鋪張每即王妃
Princess Meiji of Puzhang
Tai Mian
泰面
Taoli
桃李
Kanglong Puyin Wangfei
亢龍普印王妃
Princess Puyin of Kanglong
Younger half-sister Executed.
Tai Song
泰送
Jiatang
加糖
Jiongxiao Tinan Wangzi
囧校題難王子
Prince Tinan of Jiongxiao
first cousin, once removed Declared himself huangdi. Commited suicide following final defeat.
Tai Qing
泰清
Jimin
机敏
Hangzhai Linyun Wangfei
航窄磷孕王妃
Princess Linyun of Hangzhai
Tai Wang
泰网
Erding
而定
Ruicao Kongxian Wangzi
瑞肏控先王子
Prince Kongxian of Ruicao
Granduncle The oldest of the wangzi at start of conflicts (78yrs). Died of old age at 85.
Tai Zize
泰紫澤
Linmi
林密
Shangling Ouran Wangfei
尚翎偶然王妃
Princess Ouran of Shangling
Third cousin De facto winner of the War of the Twelve Princes.

During the conflict, Huanghou Keyi schemed to put one of her favored sons on the throne in place of her husband and rule the empire through him, so she conspired with Tai Song, a wangzi she favored, to have her elder stepson, the taizi (the heir apparent) – whom was from a concubine Huangdi Ju took before he married Keyi, as well as intelligent and long-favored by the people – murdered.

She attempted afterward to have her youngest son named taizi, but the after-effects of the incident backfired on her, as Tai Song used the assassination as an excuse to have her deposed and forced her to commit suicide. Shortly after, Tai Song deposed Huangdi Ju and declared himself huangdi but did not hold power for long. Later that year, another coup was held, Huangdi Ju was restored to the throne and Tai Song was executed for treason.

At the end of the conflict, all other principal wangzi and wangfei of the wars were dead and Tai Zize held power over the empire as regent, but her victory was short-lived. With the death of Huangdi Ju by poisoning two years later, he was succeeded as huangdi by his youngest brother, Tai Yan (泰眼): styled Huakong (花控), posthumous name: Huangdi Yong (愷永皇帝). The new huangdi was much more intelligent and tried to initiate reforms to restore the empire, but Tai Zize, as regent, kept him from exercising any real power.

This, combined with the instability brought on from the previous conflict, resulted in a devolution of imperial authority that caused the near-collapse of the empire.

Twenty Kingdoms

The Twenty Kingdoms (二十王國/Ershi Wangguo) (2594 – 2734TJH (140yrs)) occurred the during the last century of the Kai dynasty.

In the aftermath of the War of the Twelve Princes (roughly six years, give or take; historians continue to debate it) the political order of what was then western and northern Tianchao splintered into a series of short-lived sovereign states while the Kai dynasty, whose power continued to wane, continued to rule most of central and eastern Zanghuan. Some of the kingdoms participated in the later final overthrow of Kai.

Most of the states of central Tianchao were founded by ethnic Gao, but the states on the fringes of the empire were founded by ethnic Tukhii, Enhuai or Cathized Sinjok still living outside their homelands' borders.

States of the Twenty Kingdoms
Kingdom Years Term
Name Origin of Name Ruling Family
Surname Race Ethnicity
Zi

Western, Central & Northern Dynasties

The Western, Central & Northern Dynasties (西方中環和北朝/Zhonghuan Xifang Hebei Chao) (2734 – 2940TJH (206yrs)) followed the Twenty Kingdoms period with the final complete collapse of the Kai dynasty. Ended with the reunification of Tianchao under the Zan dynasty.

The ruling families of the Central Dynasties were mostly ethnic Gao, while those of the Western Dynasties were mostly either Enhuai or Cathized Sinjok, while those of the Northern Dynasties were mostly either Senzai or semi-Cathized Tukhii.

States of the Western, Central & Northern Dynasties: Table 1
Western Dynasties
西朝
Central Dynasties
中朝
Northern Dynasties
北朝
Sai Tan Yutian/Boroo
Northern Sai Southern Sai Western Tan Eastern Tan
Rao Jiu Xiatian/Zuny
Fang Dan
Chao Kang
Qingwa/Malkhii
Ling
States of the Western, Central & Northern Dynasties: Table 2
Dynasty Years Term
Name Origin of Name Ruling Family
Surname Race Ethnicity
Western Dynasties
Sai

Noble title Long
Human Sinjok 2736 – 2816TJH 80yrs
Northern Sai
北塞
북새
Sai dynasty Aeng
Human Sinjok 2816 – 2872TJH 56yrs
Southern Sai
南塞
남새
Sai dynasty Baek
Human Sinjok 2815 – 2900TJH 85yrs
Rao
Toponym Shu
Human Enhuai 2872 – 2911TJH 39yrs
Chao
Noble title Wan
Human Enhuai 2911 – 2930TJH 19yrs
Fang
Noble title Yao
Human Enhuai 2900 – 2935TJH 35yrs
Central Dynasties
Tan
Toponym Mingliu
名流
Human Gao 2734 – 2790TJH 56yrs
Western Tan
西探
Tan dynasty Mingliu
名流
Human Gao 2790 – 2912TJH 122yrs
Eastern Tan
東探
Tan dynasty Mingliu
名流
Human Gao 2790 – 2920TJH 130yrs
Ling
Noble title Ruan
Human Gao 2920 – 2930TJH 10yrs
Kang
Noble title Gua
Human Tonglu 2912 – 2938TJH 26yrs
Northern Dynasties
Yutian
雨天
Toponym Senlin
森林
Human Tukhii 2735 – 2809TJH 74yrs
Boroo
ᠪᠣᠷᠣᠭ᠎ᠠ
Oin
ᠣᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ
Xiatian
夏天
Noble title Zao
Human Tukhii 2809 – 2905TJH 96yrs
Zuny
ᠵᠤᠨ ᠤ
Khuurai
ᠬᠠᠭᠤᠷᠠᠢ
Jiu
Noble title Gongtang
貢糖
Human Senzai 2809 – 2864TJH 55yrs
Dan
Toponym Zhugan
主幹
Human Senzai 2864 – 2904TJH 40yrs
Qingwa
青挖
Noble title Hexie
和諧
Human Tukhii 2905 – 2940TJH 35yrs
Maltakh
ᠮᠠᠯᠲᠤᠬᠤ
Taaramj
ᠲᠠᠭᠠᠷᠠᠮᠵᠢ

The period ended with the reconsolidation and reconquest of Tianchao under the Tonglu-ruled Zan dynasty, which came to power following the overthrow of Kang, one of the central dynasties, in 2838TJH.

War of the Seven Emperors

The conflict known as the War of the Seven Emperors (七皇帝的戰爭/Qi Huangdi de Zhanzheng) (3181 – 3196TJH (15yrs)) took place near the end of the short-lived Jia dynasty, which took power after overthrowing the Qiu dynasty (which was of Xiyi (爬蟲) ethnicity and the second non-Gao ethnic group of the Wan peoples to rule a unified Tianchao; the Zan dynasty being the first) in what is historically known as Muren's Rebellion. Said rebellion was to overthrow Qiu's final Longdi (the Qiu dynasty's imperial title), whom was a tyrannical monster known to history as Xiuhuang Shui Bude shi Mingming (羞皇誰不得是命名/Disgraced Emperor Who Shall Not be Named), whom was so infamously cruel and evil that he was denied a proper execution and burial, and was instead cursed and buried alive in a tomb that was more of a prison, the location of which was purposely scratched from history. His real name is feared to the point that even saying it is still avoided by the general populace.

Said huangdi is known to history as Huangdi Zui (嘉醉皇帝); personal name, Pang Yu (滂與): styled Muren (木人); temple name: Jiuxing. He was known for his drunken temperament and general lack of interest in ruling the empire. Because of this, he was also widely regarded as an inefficient ruler whose policies, or lack thereof, destabilized the regime and the empire, setting the stage for civil war following his death.

  • As a result of the succession to the throne of an illegitimate bastard whom was not born to the Jia dynasty's huangdi (as Pang Yu's huanghou, known to history as Jin Ting (尽挺), decieved him into thinking he was), the late-huangdi's older brother and two brothers proclaimed themselves huangdi of the Jia dynasty and fought the bastard, and each other, for the throne.
    • Said bastard is known to history as Pang Wu (滂吴): styled, Jujue (拒絕), posthumous name: Huangdi Hunwai (嘉婚外皇帝).
    • Huangdi Pang Yu's elder brother and younger brothers were:
      • Pang Gou (滂够): styled Wenxian (文獻). Pang Yu's elder brother. Posthumously known as Huangdi Shi (嘉獅皇帝) by his followers.
      • Pang Mingce (滂命策): styled Weilian (威廉). Posthumously known as Huangdi Hu (嘉虎皇帝) by his followers.
      • Pang Long (滂隆): styled Yadang (亞當). Posthumously known as Huangdi Xiong (嘉熊皇帝) by his followers.
  • Meanwhile elsewhere, three kings each declared themselves huangdi and independence, both of their provinces and the lands they claimed/conquered.
    • Two, whom were a centaur and a vampire, were descendants of enfeoffed generals who had been given hereditary titles; and the third, whom was a human of different ethnicity, was enfeoffed by Huangdi Bo for his service in the rebellion.
  • As Pang Yu was the sole legally recognized huangdi of the Jia dynasty, most historians consider the reign of Pang Wu, and the war itself, an interregnum.
  • When the war ended fifteen years later:
    • The bastard Huangdi Wu, all the self-proclaimed huangdi, and most remnants the Jia dynasty's direct imperial Pang clan (those who could possibly make a claim to the throne, including the rest of Huangdi Bo's children) were dead.
    • The Jia dynasty collapsed and was supplanted by the Song clan of the newly proclaimed Gun dynasty.
    • The secessionist kingdoms were reconquered by the new Gun dynasty.
Breakaway States of the War of the Seven Emperors
State Tenure Founder Final ruler
Name Ruling Family
Surname Race Ethnicity
Pian
Sui
Centaur Gao 3181 – 3188TJH 7yrs Sui Han
虽韩
Nian
Ren
Vampire Gao 3181 – 3192TJH 11yrs Ren Jizhi
稔機智
San
Na
Human Gao 3181 – 3196TJH 15yrs Na Bin
拿斌
Na Ao
拿澳
The last of the breakaway states to fall, ending the War of the Seven Emeprors. Endured until seven years after the founding of the Gun dynasty, and five years after the Jia dynasty officially ended with the death of Huangdi Xiong.

Seven Dynasties & Twelve Kingdoms

The Seven Dynasties & Twelve Kingdoms (七朝和十二國記/Qichao he Shí'er Wangguo) (3980 – 4121TJH (141yrs)) period began following the collapse of the Jun dynasty, seven dynasties in the Zanghuan Provinces succeeded each other one after another, while twelve breakaway states existed concurrently elsewhere.

The Six Dynaties & Twelve Kingdoms period, the last prolonged period of division in Tianzu history, ended with the conquest of Tianchao under the Lin dynasty, the only ethnic Arslan dynasty to rule a unified Tianchao and the last true golden age in Tianzu history.

Notes & Trivia

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