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The Astronomy of Patria is as expansive as that of Earth. Besides several celestial objects observed with the naked eye every day and night, some things were long hidden until discovered by astronomers. Some things, however, can only be seen at certain times of the year or once every several years, decades or centuries.

Patria's Orbit

Patria shares its orbit with two moons and a set of rings.

Patria's Rings

Patria rings quarter

A quarter section of Patria's rings.

Easily observed from the surface, Patria has a ring system orbiting the equator. Made mostly of rock, crystals, ice and dust, the rings can be observed clearly on brightly clear sunny days, but can't been seen during cloudy days. The rings can be observed with the naked eye at night, but it's more difficult so most use telescopes. It is also during the night that the components of the rings can be seen more clearly with telescopes.

Often called the "Great Rings," they have long been believed to be the home of the heavenly gods in many religions.

Patria's Moons

Twin moons

Patria's twin moons at a rare time they're near each other: Vermiculus (left) and Hyacintho (right).

Patria has two moons, Vermiculus (the red moon) and Hyacintho (the blue moon). Named for a demon and an angel respectively, who, according to common legend/myth, were the sons of Lucifer and Michael respectively. They are also the fathers of Xyliana and Tallulah respectively.

Hyacintho is the more further away of the two and so its orbit is about 17 days longer than Vermiculus'. It's rare to see them at full moon together, which happens at varying times and can last from one-to-four days on the rare occasion. It also due to the differing lengths of their orbits that the tides are less predictable.

On a rare occasion, Hyacintho will "catch up" to Virmiculus and be eclipsed by its crimson twin.

Because of their unusual orbits, the moons partially eclipse the sun several times a year, but total solar eclipses are rarer than Earth's, and viewed roughly once every few hundred years.

Celestial Objects

Planets

Over the past several centuries, Patrian astronomers have observed several planets in the night sky. The observed planets are named for various mythological figures or deities based on how they are observed.

In order from the sun, they are:
Planet Observation Name Origin Known moons Moon(s) name origin
Montu Observed as a bright red star. Kemeti Pantheon none
Luctiana Observed as a dark blue star. The first seven Lunaculi none
Nosferatu Observed as a dark purple star. Vampiric Pantheon 1: Seara Vampiric pantheon
Patria's position 2: Vermiculus & Hyachinto
Oberon Observed as a green star. Fae Mythology 1: Titania Fae Mythology
Tyrion Observed as a gold star. Elven Pantheon 1: Luctiana Elven Pantheon
Ecastris Observed as a pink star. Septifidelity 7: Michael, Uriel, Sariel, Sandalphon, Metatron, Raphael, & Gabriel Septifidelity: Seven Archangels
Viviane Observed as an indigo star. Cameloti Trinity 1: Arthur Cameloti Trinity
Odin Observed as a white star. Ostliger Pantehon none
Lewwon Observed as a dark red star. Talmyri Zodiac 2: Neidric & Blaide Talmyri Zodiac

Harmonic Convergence

Harmonic Convergence is a period when all the planets converge into a straight syzygy. This astronomical alignment happens roughly once every four thousand years (give or take a few decades or a century), but the precise time is difficult to predict. The latest event was during the summer of 4542 AFZ.

Constellations & Stars

Several constellations and prominent stars have been created and named by various cultures over the past few thousand years. Most are named for various legendary or mythological figures or deities, or prominent creatures, based on how they are observed. Some constellations and stars have different names in different cultures, while others are known by a single name universally.

Prominent Constellations include
Constellation Star arrangement Common Names Other Notes
The Angel Michael
The Bear Arth, from the Talmyri Zodiac.
The Cat
The Centaur
The Deer
The Demon Lucifer
The Direwolf
The Dog
The Dragon Several names:

Draigoric, from the Talmyri Zodiac

Xirphran, by the worshipers of the said deity

Beleg, from the Elven divine beasts

Seriyu from the Marlakcan divine beasts

The Eagle Several names:

Horus, from the Kemeti Pantheon

Skyl'karc, from the Jadeites

Iolaire, from the Talmyri Zodiac

The Emperor
The Fairy Luctiana, after the first lunaculus of Alfheim.
The Fox
The Frog
The Gryphon Rhovan, from the Elven divine beasts.
The Hero
The Hippogriff
The Hunter Several names:

Orion, from the Elven Pantheon

Sah, from the Kemeti Pantheon

Japiricus, from the Vampiric Pantheon

Urix, from the Xotil Pantheon

The Jaguar Duk'urn, from the Jadeites.
The Joker
The Knight
The Kraken
The Lamia
The Leviathan
The Lovers
The Virgin Maiden Minerva, after the first lunaculus of Eurodon.
The Mammoth
The Manticore
The Mermaid Iekika, after the first lunaculus of Maritymir.
The Minotaur
The Monkey
The Pan
The Pegasus
The Phoenix Ur, from the Elven divine beasts.
The Priest Imhotep from Kemeti Culture.
The Rhino
The Saurian Kuzkco, after the first lunaculus of Nekcroz.
The Scales
The Scarab Khepri, from the Kemeti Pantheon.
The Scorpion Serket, from the Kemeti Pantheon.
The Serpent Several names:

Neidric, from the Talmyri Zodiac

Bo'topl, from the Jadeites

Wadjet, from the Kemeti Pantheon

The Sphinx
The Spider
The Stallion
The Swan
The Sword Excalibur, after the legendary Zedylrian steel sword possessed by Arthur R. Lionheart and his descendants.
The Thunderbird
The Tiger Byakko, from the Marlakcan divine beasts.
The Turtle Genbu, from the Marlakcan divine beasts

Crieban from the Talmyri Zodiac

The Unicorn Calithil, from the Elven divine beasts. This constellation contains the north star.
Several prominent stars seen in the various constellations include:
Star Name Origin Observation Constellation Other Notes
Asterisk Unknown A dim yellow star The Sword Sits on the "tip" of the sword constellation.
Fulgor Unknown A bright blue star The Phoenix It sits in "neck" the Phoenix Constellation. The brightest star in the sky, it is most easily seen during late-spring to early-autumn.
Shivaji The first lunaculus of Ingodija A white star The Priest Seen in the "eye" of the constellation. Shivaji is the epitome of wisdom in Septifidelity, and the apparent founder of the Shivajisim Faith.
Suzaku the Vermillion Bird of the Divine Beasts or Marlakcor. A bright white star The Eagle Seen in the "heart" the Eagle Constellation.
Voreia Unknown an orange star The Unicorn The North Star. It sits on the tip of the "horn" of the Unicorn Constellation, Calithil.

Saityroe's Comet

Saityroe's Comet is an orange, three-tailed, comet that that regularly passes by Patria every 40-46 years, and is observed for approximately thirteen days. This celestial object was named for Saityroe Kadikache Loik Atlantis, an Maritymiri lunaculus from the Atlantian Imperial Family, which coincidentally passed by at the time of his birth.

The comet has long been believed to be a source of pure magic, as every time it passes by, all magic users on Patria have their powers increased one hundred fold. At the same time, the lunaculi also have their powers increased one hundred fold, just like they do during Harmonic Convergence.

The latest recorded passing of the comet was during the summer of 4542 AFZ.

The Sun

Patria orbits an orange sun informally known by the names of various solar deities from various cultures.

Notes & Trivia

  • Patria is the fourth planet from the son.
  • Patria is tiled on an axis at the like as Earth, and orbits the sun in an anticlockwise direction and rotates counterclockwise on its northern axis, and the northern axis points toward the north star at all times, but that's where the similarities end: Patria's axis is less inclined than earths. What gives Patria seasons equivalent to Earth's is the fact that its orbital eccentricity is greatly different from Earth's.
    • Patria's axial tilt is 17.25°, while Earth's is 23.4°; but like earth, Patria's northern axis points toward the north star at all times.
    • Patria's orbital eccentricity is 0.075; Earth's is 0.017 (although those are the rough rounded numbers):
      • So Patria experiences the summer solstice at its Perihelion to its sun, when the north pole points toward the sun, while experiencing the winter solstice at its Aphelion, when the north pole points away from the sun.
        • Adding to this, Patria's average velocity is 29.781km/s.
          • These numbers were generated using an orbital simulator site.
    • With that in mind, all areas of Patria experience the seasons roughly at the same time, despite minor differences in temperature from region to region, even though daylight doesn't all that much change much throughout the year.
    • Also, even though Patria's axis is less inclined then Earth, seasons on Patria are roughly equivalent to what we experience on earth, hot summers, cold winters; but because the equator always receives more direct sunlight than the rest of the planet, all seasons felt in the regions around the equator are warmer. Regardless, because Patria is closer to the sun during summer than winter, temperatures beyond the equator can still reach high levels.
    • Patria's year is also 7-8 days longer than Earth's, but leap years do not exist.
  • Patria's sun is an orange dwarf, a K-type main-sequence star to be precise:
    • This type of star is not as hot as as Earth's, but it still emits enough heat to make Patria habitable.
  • Since Patrian technology is too primitive, closer observation of all these astronomical bodies is extremely difficult; never mind exploration, which is impossible.
    • However, the alien technology salvaged by Atlantis and Xotil allowed their respective astronomers to get a slightly better look.
  • It is believed by Atlantian astronomers that the craft that brought the technology they and the Xotil use came from one of the observed planets.
  • Because the orbits of the Patria's moons are different lengths, the eclipse cycle is even more irregular as Earth's.
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